【练习】

1. — Tom enjoys _____ (play) basketball on Sunday afternoons, doesn’t he?

  — Yes, he does. But what his sister enjoys _____(dance) . (填空练习)

答案:playing; is to dance。

解析:enjoy后常接-ing形式作宾语; what his sister enjoys作主语,is to dance构成句子的谓语。

2. We then listened to the child ________ the article ______ on theblackboard.

A. read, writing       B. reading, writing
C. to read, written      D. read, written

答案: D

解析: listen to 意为"听某人做某事"与hear用法相同,其后可以用不带to 的不定式,也可以用动名词。writtenon the blackboard 为过去分词作定语,修饰the article。

3.  His letter, _____(address) to the wrong number, reached me late. (填空练习)

答案: having been addressed

解析: address所表示的动作发生在谓语动词所表示的动作之前,且与letter之间逻辑上存在着被动关系,having been addressed...在句中作非限制性定语。

4. There are lots of places of interest _____(need; repair)  in our city.(填空练习)

答案: needing to be repaired。

解析: needing to be repaired相当于needing repairing,在句中作定语。另外,require和want也有类似的用法。

5. When I caught him cheating me, I stopped __things in his shop.

A.buying   B.buy   C.to buy   D.bought

答案:A

解析:当stop后面接不定式时,表示"停下来去做某事";如果接-ing形式,则表示"停止正在做的事"。

6.— Mum, why do you give me so much popcorn?

  — _____ (kill)the boring time. (填空练习)

答案: To kill

解析: why引导的特殊疑问句通常可用不定式短语来回答。

【小知识】非谓语动词-动词-ing形式的基本用法

(1)作主语: –ing作主语时,如果其结构较长,可用it作形式主语,而将作主语的-ing后置。如:It isn’t much good writing to them again. It’s no use waiting here.

(2)作表语:Her job is washing and cooking. My hobby is collecting stamps.

(3)作宾语:
①作及物动词的宾语。She likes drawing very much.
②作某些短语动词的宾语。 Mary is thinking of going back to New York.
③ do+限定词(my, some, any, the等)+ -ing,表示“做„事”之意,如:We often do our cleaning on Saturday afternoon. Will you do any shopping on Saturday this afternoon?
④作介词的宾语:Her sister is good at learning physics.
⑤作形容词worth, busy等的宾语:This book is well worth reading. –ing作宾语带有宾语补足语时,要用it作为形式宾语,而将作宾语的-ing后置,如:We found it no good talking like that. Do you think it necessary trying again?