1.The meeting _______ next week is sure to be a greatsuccess.

A. to take place     B. to be taken place

C. to have taken place    D.being taken place

答案: A

解析: 通过"next week"得知会议是在下周举行,用不定式作定语表示将来的动作,take place没有被动形式。

2.   _______Sunday, the students are at home.

A.Being   B.To be   C.It is   D.It being

答案: D

解析: 本题考查独立主格结构,因为前后主语不一致,所以前面分词的逻辑主语不可以省略。It being Sunday相当于As it is Sunday。

3. It's no good _______ here. Let's go home.

A. to wait    B. waited     C. waiting    D. being waited

答案: C 

解析:  It is no good doing sth.这个结构中,doing是个动名词,用作主语。句意为在这里等着也没用,咱们还是回家吧。

4. _______ by the Comrade Lei Feng, we try our best to do gooddeeds.

A. Inspired     B. Being inspired      C. To be inspired     D. Inspiring

答案: A

解析: 题意为由于受到雷锋同志精神的鼓舞我们竭尽全力做好事。不定式作状语时常表示目的和结果,故C项不对。过去分词作状语时表被动和完成。B项表示正在进行的动作。

5. The great hall was crowded with many people, _____ (include) many children _____(seat) on their parents’ laps.(填空练习)

答案: including; seated

解析: including为介词,由seat的用法可知,此处应用其过去分词形式。

6.We found the students seated at tables and had their eyes _____(fix) on the scene of the launch of Shenzhou V spaceship.(填空练习)

答案: fixed

解析: fix one’s eyes/attention on/upon为固定短语,意为“注视,注意”,故此处应用过去分词形式作宾语补足语。

【小知识】动词不定式的基本用法

(1)作主语:动词不定式作主语时,一般可用it作形式主语,而将作主语的动词不定式置于句末,如:It is good to help each other.  

(2)作表语:动词不定式在系动词be之后作表语,与表示将来时的be + 动词不定式结构有所区别,如:Our plan is to set up another middle school for the peasants’ children.我们的计划是给农民子弟再成立一所中学。

句中的谓语动词为is,动词不定式to set up„ 为表语,主语为plan,但plan并不是动词不定式的逻辑主语,即动词不定式 to set up所表示的动作不是主语plan产生的。