2017年6月四级大纲新增词汇(三)
作者:星火英语|来源:星火英语|2017年06月10日 09:00

81. contempt  [kən'tempt] 

n.藐视,轻蔑,轻视

✎ 示例:

I show contempt for people who treat children so cruelly. 我鄙视如此虐待孩子的人。



82. contend  [kən'tend]

v.①竞争,斗争 ②声称,主张  

✎ 示例:

Several teams are contending for the prize. 有几个队在争夺锦标。 



83. converse  [kən'vɜːs] 

vi.交谈

✎ 示例:

After a year's studying at university,I feel able to converse with anyone about anything.在大学学习一年之后,我感到可以和任何人交谈任何事情。



84. cornerstone  ['kɔːnəstəʊn]

n.①基础 ②基石,奠基石

✎ 示例:

The doctrine of surplus value is the cornerstone of Marx's economic theory. 剩余价值学说是马克思经济理论的基石。



85. cosmos ['kɒzmɒs]

n.(sing.)宇宙

✎ 示例:

Our world is but a small part of the cosmos. 我们的世界仅仅是宇宙的一小部分而已。



86. counterpart ['kaʊntəpɑːt]  

n.对应的物,职位(或作用)相当的人 

✎ 示例:

The British Queen is the counterpart of German President.英国的女王相当于德国的总统。



87. coupon  ['kuːpɒn] 

n.配给券,优惠券

✎ 示例:

The coupon entitles you to ten cents off your next purchase. 这张优惠券可以让你在下次购物时节省10分钱。



88. crab [kræb] 

n.①蟹,螃蟹 ②蟹肉

✎ 示例:

Thousands of crabs are washed up on the beaches during every storm. 每次暴风雨过后海滩上都会留下数不尽的螃蟹。



89. cracker  ['krækə]

n.①爆竹 ②(AmE)一种薄脆饼干

✎ 示例:

It's a type of Chinese cracker, made from rice and shrimp. 这是中国式的饼干,用米与虾肉做的。



90. crocodile   ['krɒkədaɪl]

n.①鳄鱼 ②成对纵列行进的人(尤指儿童)

✎ 示例:

They weep crocodile tears for the poor. 他们对穷人是假慈悲。



91. cyberspace  ['saɪbəspeɪs] 

n.网络(或赛博)空间 

✎ 示例:

She travels in cyberspace by sending messages to friends around the world. 她利用网络空间给世界各地的朋友们发送信件。



92. deem  [diːm] 

vt.认为,视为  

✎ 示例:

Chinese and English were deemed essential. 汉语和英语被认为是必不可少的。



93. deficient  [dɪ'fɪʃnt] 

a.①缺乏的,不足的 ②有缺陷的

✎ 示例:

Desert is deficient in the water.沙漠里缺水。



94. dent  [dent] 

vt.使凹陷;挫伤(信心等)n.缺口

✎ 示例:

The commission had barely begun to make a dent in the problem.委员会还没有在这个问题上取得任何进展。 



95. deprive  [dɪ'praɪv] 

vt.剥夺,使丧失

✎ 示例:

Paralysis has deprived him of the use of his right arm.瘫痪使他不能使用右臂。



96. despatch  [dɪ'spætʃ] 

vt.①派遣 ②发送

✎ 示例:

A reporter was despatched to Naples to cover the riot. 一名记者被派往那不勒斯报道这场骚乱。



97. deteriorate  [dɪ'tɪəriəreɪt] 

vi.恶化,变坏

✎ 示例:The weather conditions are deteriorating. 天气变得越来越糟



98. dew [djuː]

n.露水

✎ 示例:

The dew gathered on the leaves. 露水在叶子上凝结。


 

99. diabetes  [ˌdaɪə'biːtiːz]

n.糖尿病

✎ 示例:

Blindness is a common complication of diabetes. 失明是糖尿病常见的并发症。



100. digit  ['dɪdʒɪt]

n.①手指 ②(0至9的任何一个)数字

✎ 示例:

Her telephone number differs from mine by one digit. 她的电话号码和我的只差一个数字。


101. diligent  ['dɪlɪdʒənt] 

a.勤勉的,用功的

✎ 示例:

For the future, try to be more diligent in your study. 今后你应该更勤奋。



102. dime  [daɪm]

n.(美国、加拿大等国的)一角硬币

✎ 示例:

I pressed a dime into his grubby hand. 我把一个十分硬币塞进他脏兮兮的手里。



103. disable  [dɪs'eɪbl] 

vt.①使残疾 ②使无效

✎ 示例:

An accident disabled him from playing football.一次事故使他成为残废而不能再踢足球。



104. discriminate [dɪ'skrɪmɪneɪt] 

v.(between)区别,辨别 vi.(against)区别对待,歧视

✎ 示例:

He is incapable of discriminating between a good idea and a terrible one. 他分不清主意的好坏。



105. disintegrate  [dɪs'ɪntɪgreɪt] 

vi.①碎裂,分裂 ②崩溃

✎ 示例:

The plane would probably disintegrate at that high speed.飞机以那么快的速度飞行也许会四分五裂。



106. disrupt [dɪs'rʌpt]

vt.扰乱,打乱

✎ 示例:

A crowd of protesters disrupted the meeting.示威者扰乱了会议。



107. dock  [dɒk] 

n.①码头 ②被告席 v.(使船)靠码头

✎ 示例:

A crowd were waiting at the dock to greet them. 一群人在码头等着迎接他们。



108. doom [duːm]

n.厄运,劫数 vt.注定

✎ 示例:

That argument doomed their marriage to failure. 那次争吵使他们的婚姻注定要失败。



109. drastic ['dræstɪk] 

a.①严厉的 ②激烈的,剧烈的

✎ 示例:

A drastic reformation of the present housing system has been carried out. 目前的住房制度正在彻底改革。



110. drought [draʊt] 

n.旱灾,干旱

✎ 示例:

The crops died during the drought. 干旱期间庄稼都枯死了。



111. dual ['djuːəl]

a.双(重)的

✎ 示例:

He has dual role as director and actor.他有导演及演员的双重身份。



112. elevate ['elɪveɪt]

vt.①提拔 ②举起,抬高 ③提高(嗓子),振奋(情绪)

✎ 示例:

The fresh morning air elevated him.早晨清新的空气使他神清气爽。



113. elite  [eɪ'liːt] 

a.出类拔萃的 n.精英

✎ 示例:

He considers himself to be one of the elite. 他觉得自己是优秀分子之一。



114. endanger [ɪn'deɪndʒə] 

vt.危及,使处于险境

✎ 示例:

The giant panda is an endangered species, ie is in danger of becoming extinct.大熊猫是面临绝种危险的动物。



115. enlist  [ɪn'lɪst] 

vt.①争取 ②使入伍,征募

✎ 示例:

The mayor tried to enlist every citizen in the cleanup campaign.市长尽力在整顿社会治安运动中得到每一个市民的支持。



116. entrepreneur [ˌɒntrəprə'nɜː] 

n.企业家

✎ 示例:

An entrepreneur is not only a risk taker but also a visionary. 企业家不仅要能承担风险,还应富于远见。 



117. equate [ɪ'kweɪt]

vt.等同

✎ 示例:

You can't equate the education system of China to that of America. 不能把中国的教育制度与美国的教育制度等同起来。



118. erase  [ɪ'reɪz] 

vt.①消除,删去 ②擦掉

✎ 示例:

You can erase pencil marks with a rubber. 你可以用橡皮擦掉铅笔记号。



119. err [ɜː]

vi.犯错误,做错事,出差错

✎ 示例:

It's always best to err on the side of caution. 过于谨慎永远比冒风险强。他们过于谨慎也许是明智的。



120. essence ['esns] 

n.本质,实质

✎ 示例:

The two arguments are in essence the same. 这两个论点基本相同。

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