动词不定式作定语,放在所修饰的名词或代词后.与所修饰名词有如下关系:

  ①动宾关系:
  I have a meeting to attend.
  注意:不定式为不及物动词时,所修饰的名词如果是地点、工具等,应有必要的介词,如:
  He found a good house to live in.
  The child has nothing to worry about.
  如果不定式修饰time、 place、 way可以省略介词:
  He has no place to live.
  This is the best way to work out this problem.
  如果不定式所修饰名词是不定式动作承受者,不定式可用主动式也可用被动式:
  Have you got anything to send? Have you got anything to be sent?

  ②说明所修饰名词的内容:
  We have made a plan to finish the work.

  ③被修饰名词是不定式逻辑主语:
  He is the first to get here.

接不定式或动名词在意思上有区别的动词:

  mean to do 想要(做某事)
  mean doing 意味(做某事)
  propose to do 打算(做某事) 
  propose doing 建议(做某事) 
  forget to do 忘记(要做的事)
  forget doing 忘记(已做的事) 
  remember to do 记得(要做某事) 
  remember doing 记得(已做过的事) 
  regret to do (对将要做的事)遗憾 
  regret doing (对已做过的事)后悔
  go on to do 继而(做另一件事) 
  go on doing 继续(做原来的事) 
  stop to do 停下来去做另一件事
  stop doing 停止正在做的事

下列动词短语中的to是介词,后面应接动名词或名词:

  object to,resort to,react to,contribute to,look forward to,be accustomed to,be committed to.be exposed to,be subjected to,be devoted to,be dedicated to,be opposed to,be reconciled to,be contrary to

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