课文详注 Further notes on the text

 1.The former Prime Minister, Mr. Wentworth Lane, was defeated in the recent elections.
前首相温特沃兹·莱恩先生在最近的大选中被击败。

(1)former在这里表示“以前的”、“从前的”或“前任的”,后面需要跟名词:
Yesterday, he received a letter from his former wife/English teacher.
昨天他收到了他前妻/以前的英语老师的一封信。

(2)election指一般选举时用单数,指全国性的选举时用复数:
An election will be held next month.
下月将举行一次选举。

He hopes to defeat his rival in next year's elections.
他希望在明年的大选中击败对手。

2.…the ex-Prime Minister had gone abroad.
……这位前首相出国去了。

前缀ex-加在名词前表示“以前的”(相当于former),如ex-husband(前夫), ex-wife(前妻),ex-taxi-driver(前出租汽车司机),ex-manager(前任经理),ex-headmaster(前任校长)等。

3.Though a little suspicious this time…
虽然那位警察这次有点疑心……

这是一个省略了主语和连系动词的让步状语从句。通常,如果从句的主语与主句的相同而谓语带系动词be,则主语+be可省略(原因状语从句例外):
While at college, she wrote a novel.
她上大学时写了一部小说。

He acted as if certain of success.
他的举止就像一定会成功一样。(方式)

If possible, please let me know by this evening.
如果可能的话,请在今晚以前告诉我。(条件)

Though tired, he went to bed very late.
他虽然疲惫,但还是很晚才上床。(让步)

原因状语从句的省略形式要带分词being:
Being worried about his child, he walked up and down in the room.
他由于为孩子担心,在屋子里来回走着。

词汇学习 Word study

1.suspicious adj.

(1)猜疑的,认为可疑的,对……起疑心的,多疑的:
If travellers look nervous, customs officers get suspicious.
如果旅客看上去神情紧张,海关官员就会起疑心。

Customs officers are suspicious of nervous-looking travellers.
海关官员对那些神情紧张的旅客起疑心。

Don't be so suspicious. Everything's all right.
别这么多疑。一切正常。

(2)可疑的,令人起疑的:
You get a lot of suspicious-looking people in this bar.
你这个酒吧里有许多人看上去很可疑。

The car crash looks suspicious.
这个撞车事故看上去可疑。

2.temper与mood

(1)temper可以指“脾气”、“性情”,mood则不可以:
This time, the policeman lost his temper.
这一次警察火了/发脾气了。

Whatever happens, remember to keep your temper.
无论发生什么事都要记着保持冷静。

My sister is of a calm/quick temper.
我姐姐/妹妹性情平和/脾气急躁。

My grandfather has a temper.
我爷爷容易生气。

The boss is in a temper today.
老板今天脾气不好。

(2)temper指“心情”、“情绪”时,与mood同义:
That morning George was in a good mood/temper.
那天上午,乔治心情好。

但bad mood与bad temper稍有区别:
When he is in a bad temper, he gets angry easily. But when he is in a bad mood, he likes to sit alone.
当他脾气不好时,他很容易生气。但当他心情不好时,他喜欢独自坐着。

(3)mood可以表示“有意/想要(做某事)”,temper则不可以:
At that time I was not in the mood for talking/to talk.
当时我没有心情/不想说话。

Although Jeremy is well-known for his great sense of humour, he is in no mood for telling funny stories today.
尽管杰里米以绝妙的幽默感著称,但他今天没有心情讲笑话。

练习答案 Key to written exercises

1.难点练习答案

1 He refused to help us and I lost my temper with him.

2 They were very rude but I managed to keep my temper.

3 He isn't usually in such a good temper on a Monday morning!

4 Don't ask him for a rise now. He's in a very bad temper today.

5 She's just won a prize in the lottery, so she's in a very good mood.

6 He's just lost a lot of money, so he's in a very bad mood.

7 Let's go out. I'm in the mood for a celebration!

2.多项选择题答案

1b 2a    3c 4c       5a 6b

7c 8b    9c 10d    11a 12b