课文详注 Further notes on the text
1. an article entitled ‘Cigarette Smoking and Your Health’
The writer hasn't entitled his new book yet.
The book was entitled The Sun Also Rises.
2． I had all the usual symptoms of someone giving up smoking: a bad temper and an enormous appetite.
a bad temper and an enormous appetite为symptoms的同位语。giving up smoking可以看做是someone的定语，即someone who gives up smoking.
3． My friends Kept on offering me cigarettes and cigars.
keep on doing sth.表示“继续做某事”、“反复做某事”：
The child was crying loudly, but he kept on watching TV.
He kept on phoning her.
4．They made no effort to hide…
make no effort表示“根本不作努力”。我们还可以说：
She wrote the letter with/without effort.
Georeg made every effort to get/at getting the job.
5. …it was more than I could bear.
He was more than pleased with his new room.
This was more than I had expected.
6.Anyway, as Brian pointed out, it is the easiest thing in the world to give up smoking.
it为先行主语，代替后面的不定式短语 to give up…。 point out为固定短语，表示“指出”、“指明”：
Why didn't you point out his mistake to him at that time?
He pointed out that we still had to get a few other things.
词汇学习 Word study
During this time, my wife suffered terribly.
What is the patient suffering from?
The village suffered serious damage from the floods.
Many people are suffering cold and hunger in that district.
Keep on trying.
He kept on saying that he was tired.
Keep off the flower bed.
Keep your hands off the food.
（3）keep away from表示“（使……）不靠近”、“避开”：
Why do you always keep away from me?
Keep the children away from the river.
（4）keep it up表示“不松劲”、“保持成绩”或“继续下去”，而 keep up with则表示“跟上”、“不落在……后面”：
You've made much progress. Keep it up!
If you keep it up, you'll be able to set up a new world record.
Although he walked as fast as he could, he still couldn't keep up with his father.
In order to keep up with his classmates, he worked harder than ever.
He shut all the doors and windows to keep out the wind.
16,000-volt power line. Keep out!
It's very cold today. We'd better keep in.
When the dog was kept in, it barked loudly.
练习答案 Key to written exercises
1 I'm making some coffee. Do you want some/any?
2 Exports have increased this year.
3 My dog is afraid of thunder and lightning.
4 The boy was sent to a school for the deaf.
5 Tax laws help the rich.
6 I spent the evening listening to some music.
7 Crime does not pay.
8 Would you like an apple or an orange?
9 Are you an artist or a musician?
10 Do you take sugar in your tea?
1 away from 2 off 3 up 4 on
5 out 6 up with 7 in
1a 2c 3b 4b 5c 6a
7c 8b 9a 10b 11c 12a