课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.a long way west of Samoa
位于萨摩亚群岛以西

这个短语补充说明 Wallis Island 的位置。表示方向(东、南等)的词后面可以直接加 of+地名,前面也不用加任何介词:
Shanghai is south of Beijing.
上海在北京以南。

2.over the years
多年来

over 表示“在……期间/之中”:
He worked very hard over the last two years.
过去两年中他工作努力。

3.By this time, a Lancaster bomber in reasonable condition was rare and worth rescuing.
到了那个时候,状况良好的兰开斯特轰炸机实属罕见,值得抢救。

(1)reasonable在这里表示“尚好的”、“过得去的”,用于表示价钱时,它指“公道的”、“合理的”、“不贵的”等:
The house is in reasonable condition.
这座房子状况尚好。

The price of the dress is reasonable.
这件衣服不算贵。

(2)worth 可表示“值得”、“具有……的价值”,后面跟名词或动名词:
This book is worth buying.
这本书值得买。

That park is worth a visit.
那个公园值得一去。

4.The French authorities had the plane packaged and moved in parts back to France.
法国政府让人把飞机包装起来,一部分一部分地搬回法国。

句中 have为使役动词,表示“使”,后面加名词/代词加过去分词。packaged和 moved 都属于这种结构。(cf. 本课语法)

5.A colony of bees had turned the engine into a hive
一群蜜蜂把发动机当做了蜂房……

colony 作量词表示“群”时,往往用于蜜蜂、蚂蚁等。turn into表示“把……改变成……”:
When it is cold enough, water is turnd into ice.
冷到一定程度时,水就变成了冰。

语法 Grammar in use

使役式(The causative)

(1)动词 have 除了可以作为助动词构成完成时以外,还可以作为完全动词表示“拥有”或代替 take, eat, receive, experience 等动词(cf. 第18课语法):
Did you have a good meal?
您吃得好吗?

He has five cars.
他有5辆汽车。

have+名词可以代替普通动词(cf. 第42课语法):
They had a nice swim.
他们很畅快地游了泳。

(2)have作为完全动词还可以构成使役式,其形式为:have+名词或宾格代词+动词的过去分词。由于have是完全动词,所以其疑问句与否定句由do/did构成。与被动语态相似,使役式着重表示的是对某物(或某人)做了什么而不是某人做了什么。试比较:

I want to have this apple washed.
我想要洗一洗这个苹果。(确切说是我希望这个苹果被洗一下,但不一定是我自己动手洗)

This apple needs to be washed.
这个苹果需要洗一洗。

用被动语态或使役式时,我们可能不知道或认为不必指明为我们服务的人是谁。然而,使役式比被动语态更加强调“使”别人为我们服务这一事实。我们要表示让别人为我们做某事时,通常不用主动语态。

让别人给理发时,不可说 I want to cut my hair. 而要说 I want to have my hair cut.

使役式也可以用以指人:
While I'm away, I'll have you looked after.
我不在的时候,我会让人照顾你的。

词汇学习 Word study

1.集合名词

集合名词表示的是由若干个体组成的集合体,如 family(家庭,一家人),team(队),crew(船、飞机等上的全体工作人员),audience(观众),government(政府),staff(全体职员/教员),class(班,班级)等。如果要强调作为整体的集体,则后面的动词用单数;如果要强调组成集体的每个人,则后面的动词用复数

Family is very important to me.
家庭对我来说很重要。

His family are completely behind him.
他的家人完全支持他。

2.imagine vt.

(1)想像:
Can you imagine their surprise and delight?
你能想像得出他们的惊奇和快乐吗?

I thought I heard something, but perhaps I was imagining it.
我觉得我(好像)听到了什么动静,不过也许这只是我的想像。

(2)料想,猜想:
Imagine you'd like to rest after your long journey.
我想你在长途旅行之后肯定愿意休息一下。

练习答案 Key to written exercises

1.关键句型练习答案

A
had the plane packaged, (had the plane) moved

have the plane restored, have only three of them rebuilt

B
1 The French authorities had the plane packaged and moved in parts back to France.

2 A group of enthusiasts are going to have the plane restored.

3 The group will need to have only three of the engines rebuilt.

C
1 He is having a new house built.

2 She will have a new dress made.

3 I did not have the house decorated.

4 They had the washing machine repaired.

5 We must have this dangerous tree cut down.

6 We have to have this new television set installed.

2.难点练习答案
1 has     2 were     3 Have      4 is

3.多项选择题答案
1c 2b     3a 4a       5d 6a
7a 8b     9a 10b     11b 12a