词汇学习 Word study

1.increase与grow

increase无论是作及物动词还是不及物动词,其主要意思都是“增加”、“增大”、“增长”、“增强”等:
The firm has increased his salary.
公司已给他加了薪。

His salary has increased.
他的薪金增加了。

The number of visitors to Frinley has now increased.
现在来弗林利参观的人越来越多。

grow也可以表示“增长”等含义:
The number of vistors to Frinley has now grown.
现在来弗林利参观的人越来越多。

The students in this university has grown in number.
这个大学的学生人数增加了。

但grow的主要意思是“长”、“成长”、“生长”等:
How tall you've become! How you've grown!
你变得这么高了!你长了真不少!

2.gain与earn

作为及物动词,它们都可以表示“获得”、“得到”:
It has gained/earned an evil reputation.
它得到了一个坏名声。

earn可以表示通过工作“赚(钱)”,gain没有这个含义:
Try to save as you earn.
挣了钱时要设法存起来。

She earns £500 a month.
她一个月赚500英镑。

gain可以表示“受益”、“获益”,earn则不可以:
Jane has gained much from her year in Australia.
简在澳大利亚这一年获益匪浅。

3.pick与cut

pick的含义之一为“采摘”、“采集”:
They are busy picking apples.
他们正忙着摘苹果。

The children picked a lot of flowers yesterday.
昨天孩子们采了许多花。

cut的主要含义为“切”、“割”、“剪”等:
She cut an apple in two.
她把一个苹果切成两半。

Can you cut your own hair?
你能给自己剪头吗?

The tourists have been picking the leaves and cutting their names on the tree-trunk.
游客们一直摘树叶,并把他们的名字刻在树干上。

练习答案 Key to written exercises

2.难点练习答案
1 picked     2 gain      3 earns       4 grown

3.多项选择题答案
1b 2d    3a 4a       5c 6b
7d 8c    9a 10d    11b 12d