课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.Can you come here a minute please, Bob? 请你来一下好吗,鲍勃?

句中的 a minute是时间状语,表示“一会儿”、“片刻”。又如:

Wait a minute, please. 请稍等一会儿。

2.She's next door. 她在隔壁。

这里 next door起副词作用,作表语。

语法 Grammar in use

can(2)

can是情态助动词,表示“能力”。情态助动词的否定式由情态助动词加not构成;疑问句中将情态助动词置于句首,后接句子的主语和主要谓语动词。又如:

Can Penny and Jane wash the dishes? 彭尼和简会洗盘子吗?
Yes, they can. 是的,她们会。

can本身没有人称或数方面的变化。它还可以与疑问词一起用在特殊疑问句中。如:
What can Penny and Jane do? 彭尼和简会干什么?
They can wash the dishes. 她们会洗盘子。

词汇学习 Word study

1.lift v.

(1)提;抬;举:

Can you lift this heavy suitcase? 你能提起这个沉重的衣箱吗?

The elderly lady lifted her eyes from the book. 那位年长的女士从书本上抬起眼睛。

(2)提高;搞高……地位:

This polity lifted Chinese exports of silk. 这项政策提高了中国丝绸的出口量。

2.make v.

(1)制作;创造:

She is going to make a very big birthday cake. 她准备做一个非常大的生日蛋糕。

Hollywood can make the most famous film stars in the world. 好莱坞可以造就世界上最著名的影星。

(2)产生,引起,导致:

You have made a serious mistake. 你犯了一个严重的错误。

Don't make so much noise, please! 请别这么大肆喧闹!

(3)整理;料理;准备:

She is now making the bed for a guest. 她现在正为客人铺床。

The coffee is made. 咖啡煮好了。

3.terrible adj.

(1)可怕的;骇人的:

This is a picture of terrible new weapons. 这是一张可怕的新式武器的图片。

(2)困难的;费劲的:

Who can accomplish this terrible task? 谁能完成这项艰难的任务?

(3)极度的;非常严重的:

I've got a terrible headache. 我头疼得厉害。

(4)<口>糟透的;很蹩脚的:

She is terrible at maths. 她的数学很蹩脚。

练习答案 Key to written exercises

Lesson 46

A

1 They can type these letters.

2 She can make the bed.

3 You can swim across the river.

4 We can come now.

5 We can run across the park.

6 He can sit on the grass.

7 I can give him some chocolate.

B

1 Can you type this letter?

Yes, I can.

What can you do?

I can type this letter.

2 Can Penny wait for the bus?

Yes, she can.

What can she do?

She can wait for the bus.

3 Can Penny and Jane wash the dishes?

Yes, they can.

What can they do?

They can wash the dishes.

4 Can George take these flowers to her?

Yes, he can.

What can he do?

He can take these flowers to her.

5 Can the cat drink its milk?

Yes, it can.

What can it do?

It can drink its milk.

6 Can you and Tom paint this bookcase?

Yes, we can.

What can you and Tom do?

We can paint this bookcase.

7 Can you see that aeroplane?

Yes, I can.

What can you do?

I can see that aeroplane.

8 Can Jane read this book?

Yes, she can.

What can she do?

She can read this book.