课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.Can you make the tea, Sam? 你会沏茶吗,萨姆?

make the tea,沏茶。句中can是英语中最常见的几个情态助动词之一,请参见本课语法部分。

2.behind,在……的后面。

与in front of(在……前面)互为反义词。

3.The kettle's boiling!水开了!

这里的kettle =water in the kettle。用容器来指代容器内的东西是一种修辞格,叫借代(metonymy/i'mtnmi/)。

语法 Grammar in use

can(1)

can是英语中最常用的几个情态助动词之一,它本身不表示动作,只表示体力或脑力方面的能力或客观可能等。它必须与其他动词连用,本身没有性和数的变化。如:

I can see some coffee on the table. 我能看到桌子上的一些咖啡。

Can Sam read this book? 萨姆看得懂这本书吗?

can的否定形式为can not, cannot或can't(省略式):

I can't see any coffee. 我看不见什么咖啡。

He can't find the cups. 他找不到杯子。

词汇学习 Word study

1.find v.

(1)找到;寻得:

It is most important to find a suitable person for the job. 找到一位适合做这项工作的人是至关重要的。

Where are the cups? I can't find them. 杯子放在哪儿?我找不到。

练习答案 Key to written exercises

Lesson 44

A

1 I can see some spoons, but I can't see any knives.

2 I can see some hammers, but I can't see any boxes.

3 I can see some coffee, but I can't see any loaves of bread.

4 I can see some cupboards, but I can't see any shelves.

5 I can see Mr. Jones and Mr. Brown, but I can't see their wives.

6 I can see some cups, but I can't see any dishes.

7 I can see some cars, but I can't see any buses.

B

1 Is there any milk here?

Yes, there is. There's some in front of the door.

2 Is there any soap here?

Yes, there is. There's some on the cupboard.

3 Are there any newspapers here?

Yes, there are. There are some behind that vase.

4 Is there any water here?

Yes, there is. There's some in those glasses.

5 Is there any tea here?

Yes, there is. There's some in those cups.

6 Are there any cups here?

Yes, there are. There are some in front of that kettle.

7 Is there any chocolate here?

Yes, there is. There's some behind that book.

8 Are there any teapots here?

Yes, there are. There are some in that cupboard.

9 Are there any cars here?

Yes, there are. There are some in front of that building.

10 Is there any coffee here?

Yes, there is. There's some on the table.