课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.This is a photograph of our village. 这是我们村庄的一张照片。

句中of是介词,表示“……的”。又如:

the windows of a room 房间的窗户

2.It is between two hills. 我们的村庄坐落在一个山谷之中。

句中It指village。between是介词,表示“在……(两者)之间”。又如:

The man is standing between two policemen.

这个男人正站在两名警察之间。

3.along the banks of the river, 沿着河岸。

along为介词,表示“沿着”。

4.He is swimming across the river.他正横渡小河。

across为介词,表示“通过”某个平面。

5.beside a park,位于公园旁边。

beside为介词,表示“在……旁边”。

语法 Grammar in use

短语动词

短语动词通常是指后面常跟一个介词或副词短语的动词,即动词+介词或副词小品词。英语(特别是在非正式的、惯用的英语)中存在着一种用动词短语代替与其同义的单个动词的强烈趋势。如听到敲门声,我们会说Come in而不会用Enter来表达。最常见的短语动词是由英语中最短小和最简单的动词构成的,这些动词常与表示位置或方向的词组合,如along, down, in, off, on, out, over, under等。例如:

The cats are running along the wall.

猫正沿着墙跑。

The children are jumping off the branch.

孩子们正从树枝上跳下来。

不仅一个单个动词可以同大量的介词或副词小品词一起构成短语动词,而且一个短语动词本身也可能有几种不同的意义。

词汇学习 Word study

1.go into

(1)走进;进入:

He is going into a shop.

他正走进一家商店。

(2)进入;介入:

They're going into the business world.

他们正步入商界。

2.sit on

(1)坐在……上:

The children are sitting on the grass.

孩子们正坐在草地上。

(2)<口>拖延;压下:

They are trying to sit on the bad news as long as possible.

他们正试图尽可能拖延时间不把这个坏消息讲出去。

3.run along

(1)沿着……跑:

The dogs are running along the river banks.

狗正沿着河岸奔跑。

(2)离开;走开:

It's getting dark, we must run along.

天黑了,我们得走了。

练习答案 Key to written exercises

Lesson 36

A

1 He is swimming across the river.

2 She is sitting on the grass.

3 The cat is running along the wall.

B

1 Where is the man going? He's going into the shop.

2 Where is the woman going? She's going out of the shop.

3 Where is he sitting? He's sitting beside his mother.

4 Where are they walking? They're walking across the street.

5 Where are the cats running? They're running along the wall.

6 Where are the children jumping? They're jumping off the branch.

7 Where is the man standing? He's standing between two policemen.

8 Where is she sitting? She's sitting near the tree.

9 Where is it flying? It's flying under the bridge.

10 Where is the aeroplane flying? It's flying over the bridge.

11 Where are they sitting? They're sitting on the grass.

12 Where are the man and the woman reading? They're reading in the living room.