课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.冠词

课文中refrigerator一词出现了两次,它前面分别用了两种不同的冠词:a(不定冠词)和the(定冠词)。第1次提到时用不定冠词a。(请参见Lessons5~6语法部分。)第2次时就不再是泛指任何一个,而是特指所指的那个了,因此要用定冠词the。(请参见本课语法部分的说明。)

2.数字3,000,5,000,10,000的英文写法

3,000----three thousand

5,000----five thousand

10,000----ten thousand

语法 Grammar in use

1.定冠词the

(1)定冠词the不论指人还是指物、单数还是复数,其形式都不变。

(2)the的发音:the在辅音前读/J+/,如:the floor, the table, the bed, the desk; the在元音(即一般前面用an的词的首字母)之前发/J!:;;;;:/,如the engineer, the ice cream, the old man, the open window。当我们想使听话者特别注意the后面的名词时,the就读为/J!:/,意思是“这一个而且只是这一个”或“主要是这一个”。

(3)the的基本用法:

A. the通常有明确的所指(即以说话人或听话人已知的人或物为前提);

B. the可与单数可数名词、复数可数名词及不可数名词(总是单数形式)连用。

2.where引导的特殊疑问句

where用来询问地点(或是确切的情况,或是一般的情况)。对where疑问句的回答可以是整句、短语或单个的词。如:

Where is the refrigerator? 冰箱在哪里?
On the right./It's on the right. 在右边。

词汇学习 Word study

1.cup n.

(1)杯子(一般带柄,用于盛热饮料,如茶或咖啡):

I have a beautiful set of tea cups. 我有一套漂亮的茶杯。

I'd like a cup of tea. 我想喝一杯茶。

(2)一杯饮料;一杯咖啡:

Would you like another cup? 你要再来一杯吗?

You can get a good cup at Lucy' s Café. 你能在露西咖啡馆喝到一杯上好的咖啡。

2.glass n.

(1)玻璃杯或有脚的玻璃杯:

Give me a glass of water, please. 请给我一杯水。

There's a clean wine glass on the table. 桌上有一只干净的酒杯。

(2)杯中物;酒:

He has had a glass too much. 他多喝了一杯(或喝醉了)。

I'd like to enjoy a glass now and then. 我喜欢不时喝点酒。

练习答案 Key to written exercises

Lesson 26

A

1 Give me a glass. Which glass? The empty one.

2 Give me some cups. Which cups? The cups on the table.

3 Is there a book on the table? Yes, there is. Is the book red?

4 Is there a knife in that box? Yes, there is. Is the knife sharp?

B

1 There's a cup on the table.

The cup is clean.

2 There's a box on the floor.

The box is large.

3 There's a a glass in the cupboard.

The glass is empty.

4 There's a knife on the plate.

The knife is sharp.

5 There's a fork on the tin.

The fork is dirty.

6 There's a bottle in the refrigerator.

The bottle is full.

7 There's a pencil on the desk.

The pencil is blunt.