新概念英语进入中国这么多年以来,帮助了无数想要学习英语的人。即使你没学英语,你也听过它的大名吧。它有许多的优势,其精彩的编排,也成为很多教育机构的制定英语教材。下面就是新概念英语第一册的关于语法的总结,一起来看看吧。

  新概念英语第一册语法总结:动词的变化

  1)代词及be动词

  主格 I we you you she/he/it they

  宾格 me us you you her/him/it them

  代词所有格 my our your your her/his/its their

  名词性代词 mine ours yours yours hers/his/its theirs

  be动词现在时 Am are are are is are

  be动词过去时 was were were were was were

  2)名词的复数

  规则变化的名词复数形式

  规则1 一般情况+s e.g. shell→shells toy→toys

  规则2 以s, x, ch, sh结尾+es e.g. fox→foxes church→churches

  规则3 以o结尾+s或+es e.g. radio→radios potato→potatoes

  规则4 以f, fe结尾的,变f, fe为ves e.g. life→lives half→halves

  规则5 以辅音字母+y结尾, 变y为i+es e.g. sky→skies study→studies

  3)动词的第三人称单数形式

  规则1 一般情况+s e.g. like-likes, look-looks

  规则2 以s, x, ch, sh和o结尾+es e.g. do-does, catch-catches

  规则3 以辅音字母+y结尾, 变y为i+es e.g. carry-carries, fly-flies

  4)动词现在分词

  规则1 一般动词加-ing e.g. look-looking, read-reading, play-playing

  规则2 以不发音的字母结尾的单词去e加-ing e.g. make-making, take-taking, arrive-arriving

  规则3 重读闭音节词结尾, 即单词中只有一个元音字母,其后紧跟一个辅音字母的词,双写辅音字母再加-ing e. g. run-running, sit-sitting, get-getting, swim-swimming, stop-stopping

  5)动词过去式

  规则动词变化

  规则1 一般动词加-ed e.g. look-looked, watch-watched, play-played

  规则2 以e结尾的加-d e.g. make-maked, arrive-arrived

  规则3 以辅音字母y结尾的变y为i加-ed cry-cried, carry-carried

  规则4 重读闭音节词结尾, 即单词中只有一个元音字母,其后紧跟一个辅音字母的词,双写辅音字母再加-ed stop-stopped

  过去式的读音

  在清辅音后面(除外)读/t/ e.g. walked, jumped

  在浊辅音和元音后读/d/ e.g. washed, watched

  在/t/,/d/后读/id/ e.g. waited, hated

  6)形容词和副词的比较级和最高级

  比较级

  规则1 一般加-er e.g. high-higher

  规则2 以e结尾加-r nice-nicer

  规则3 以辅音字母加y结尾,变y为i再加-er busy-busier

  规则4 重读闭音节结尾, 双写辅音字母再加-er fat-fatter

  最高级

  规则1 一般加-est e.g. high-highest

  规则2 以e结尾加-st nice-nicest

  规则3 以辅音字母加y结尾,变y为i再加-est busy-busiest

  规则4 重读闭音节结尾, 双写辅音字母再加--est fat-fattest

  7)常见缩写:

  is='s I am=I'm are='re

  is not=isn't /iznt/ are not=aren't /a:nt/

  do not=don't

  does not=doesn't

  was='s

  did not=didn't

  can not=can't

  have='ve

  has='s

  have not=haven't

  has not=hasn't

  will='ll

  will not=won't

  shall not=shan't

  新概念第一册:一般过去时

  含有be动词的句子

  将be动词变为过去式。am, is的过去式为was, are的过去式为were:

  I was at the butcher's.

  You were a student a year ago.

  The teacher was very beautiful ten years ago.

  ★变疑问句将be动词移动到句首

  Were you at the butcher's?

  Were you a student a year ago?

  Was the teacher very beautiful ten years ago?

  ★变否定句在be动词后面加not

  I was not at the butcher's.

  You were not a student a year ago.

  The teacher was not very beautiful ten years ago.

  ★肯定回答否定回答

  Yes, I was. / No, I was not.

  Yes, you were. / No, you were not.

  Yes, he/she was. / No, he/she was not.

  不含be动词的句子

  将动词变为过去式:

  I finished my homework yesterday.

  The boy went to a restaurant.

  The Sawyers lived at King Street a year ago.

  ★变疑问句在句首加did,动词变为原型

  Did you finish your homework yesterday?

  Did the boy go to a restaurant?

  Did the Sawyers live at King Street a year ago?

  ★变否定句在主语和动词之间加did not

  I did not finish my homework yesterday.

  The boy did not go to a restaurant.

  The Sawyers did not live at King Street a year ago.

  ★肯定回答及否定回答

  Yes, I did. / No, I didn't.

  Yes, he did. / No, he didn't.

  Yes, they did. / No, they did not.

  新概念第一册:一般现在时

  含有be动词的句子

  ★例句:

  He is a teacher.

  The girl is very beautiful.

  Tim and Jack are students.

  ★变疑问句将be动词移到句首

  Is he a teacher?

  Is the girl very beautiful?

  Are Tim and Jack students?

  ★变否定句在be动词后面加not

  He is not a teacher.

  The girl is not very beautiful.

  Tim and Jack are not students.

  ★肯定回答及否定回答

  Yes, he is. / No, he is not.

  Yes, she is. / No, she is not.

  Yes, they are. / No, they are not.

  看了上面的内容大家是不是对英语语法的变化有了新的认识呢,如果你是刚刚接触英语,那么新概念第一册是不错的学习教材,大家可以自学或者寻找靠谱的培训班进行辅导。沪江网是一个不错的选择,这里的新概念英语课程是精品课程,欢迎各位的到来。