• 英语介词用法

    英语介词from:此介词表示“to”相反的方向;by:表示从旁经过或在……附近,eg. This is the nearest road by which they came等。   (1)from:此介词表示“to”相反的方向。   He came from London.   He went to London.   二词常搭配使用“from... to...”   We studied English from morning to afternoon.   He'll start from Beijing to Shanghai.   经典用法:   ● 由于→ The girl is trembling from fear.   ● 免除→ Tramps are always free from care. 流浪汉们总是无忧无虑。   ● 分开→ The couple parted from each other at the airport.   ● 由……制成→ The red wine is made from grapes. 红葡萄酒是由葡萄制成的。   由from引导的惯用法:   from far 从远处   from now / then on 从现在/那时起   from bad to worse 每况愈下   from time to time(occasionally 时而)   习语:   She comes to visit me from time to time.   (2)out of:表示与"into"相反的语意。   He will be out of town.   I stepped out of the dark room.   out of+ 名词 (= lack, to be without 用完,用光)   He went to the shop because he was out of paper.   out of date (= old-fashioned 过时的)   The book has been out of date.   out of work (= jobless 失业的)   He needs money because be is out of work.   out of the question (= impossible 不可能的)   Finishing the hard work is out of the question.   out of question (= doubtless 毫无疑问的)   That he can do it well is out of question.   out of order(= not functioning 失灵的)   Her radio is out of order, so she can't listen to it.   (3)by:表示从旁经过或在……附近。   He passed by me without saying hello.   He lives by the sea.   经典用法:   ● 通过→This is the nearest road by which they came.   ● 在……时候→The young man works by day and steals money by night.   ● 由……所生→He has two sons by her second wife.   ● 抓住→She caught her child by his coat in the flood.   ● 按……计算→The farmers sell their apples by the pound.   ● 就(气质,特征)而言→He is an artist by temperament(气质).   用于被动语意,导出动作执行者:   The glass was broken by the boy.   by + 具体时间:   They usually have dinner by 8 o'clock.   by + 交通工具 (bus, train, plan...):   He travelled to Paris by air/plane.   by the end of + 时间名词:到……末为止   By the end of last year, they had learnt 100 texts.   By the end of this term, they will have learnt 100 texts.   by then:到那时   He will graduate in 1999, by then he will leave Beijing.   by way of (= via):经由,取道   They are going to the United States by way of Hong Kong.   by the way:顺便问   By the way, do you know where Mr. Li has gone?   by far:……得多(用于修饰比较级和*高级)   The book is by far the best on the subject.   by accident:不小心,与on purpose(故意地)语意相反   The wrong information was put into the computer by accident. 扩展知识: 表示词与词、词与句关系的词。 常用介词:on、at、in、above、by、with等; 合成类介词:inside、outside、onto、out of、within 等; 短语类介词:according to、ahead of、along with等。 含义 介词是一种用来表示词与词, 词与句之间的关系的词。在句中不能单独作句字成分。介词后面一般有名词代词或相当于名词的其他词类,短语或从句作它的宾语。介词和它的宾语构成介词词组,在句中作状语,表语,补语或介词宾语。 分类 1.常用简单介词:   about, across, against, among, after, at, behind, besides, beyond, by, concerning, beneath, between, despite, except, during, down, for, from, past, than, under, until 等。 2.合成介词:   inside, outside, onto, out of, within 等。 3.短语介词:   according to, ahead of, along with, as for, because of, be means of, due to, in spite of, on behalf of, owing to, with regard to 等。 介词与“……的”之关系 在英语学习中,一遇到“……的”,大家就会立刻想到’s 所有格或者of。实际上,在很多情况下,“……的”必须借助于介词才能准确表达。   ● 美国的冬天→ the winter in America   ● 停车场的入口→ the entrance to the parking lot   ● 穿过森林的小路→ the path through the forest   ● 鲁迅的著作→ the works by Lu Xun   ● 水中的月亮→ the moon reflected in water   ● 历史的见证→ the witness to history   ● 对爱的渴望→ a longing for love   ● 对我们不利的证据→ the evidence against us   ● 阳光下的漫步→ a walk in the sunlight   ● 追求名誉的女人→ a lady after fame   ● 两人之间的争论→ an argument between the two persons

    2020-03-26

    百度问答

  • 英语介词和连词的区别

    词性词语)的一个;而连词在实质性结构中只起连接作用。下面以“和”为例谈谈如何区别介词和连词。①当“和”作介词的时候,“和”前后的成分不能互换,前面可加副词作状语,后面可以有停顿。②当“和”作连词的时候,“和”前后的成分可以互换,前面不能加副词性修饰成分,后面不能停顿。 二、介词的分类与语法功能 1. 介词是虚词,不能单独作句子成分,必须与名词、代词(或相当于名词的其他词类、短语或从句等)构成介词短语,在句中充当一个成分。 介词分为: ① 简单介词,如at、in、for等; ② 合成介词,如within、inside、onto、througout等; ③ 短语介词,如according to、out of、because of、by means of、in spite of、instead of等。 ④ 双重介词,如from behind / above / under、until after等。 ⑤ 分词介词,如considering、including、judging(from / by) 等。 常见的介词宾语:名词、代词、动名词、从句、不定式等。如: ①It is going to rain this afternoon according to the weather forecast. ②He quarrelled with her yesterday. ③He succeeded in passing the final exam. ④I’m still thinking of how I can fulfil the task ahead of time. ⑤The professor will give us a talk on how to study English well. 2. 介词短语在句中可作表语、定语、状语和宾补等。如: ①This machine is in good condition.(表语) ②Where is the key to my bike?(定语) ③Nothing in the world could live without air or water.(状语) ④She always thinks herself above others.(宾补) 三、介词的搭配 1. “动词+介词”搭配:注意特定搭配与同一介词与多个动词搭配意义不同的情况。 ①rob sb. of sth. / clear the road of snow(“夺去、除去”意 义的动词与of 连用) ②supply us with food / fill the glass with wine(“供给”意义的动词与with连用) ③make a desk of wood / make bread from flour / make the material into a coat(“制作、制造”意义与of、from、into连用) ④介词 + the + 部位与动词的关系(=动词 + sb.’s + 部位,可换用) strike him on the head(“击,拍,碰,摸”意义与on连用) c atch him by the arm(“抓,拉,拿,扯”意义与by连用) hit the boy in the face(“肚,胸,眼,脸”等人体前部与in连用) ⑤prevent(stop, keep)sb. from doing sth.(“阻止,禁止”意义与from连用) ⑥persuade(advise, warn)sb. into doing sth.(“说服,建议”意义与into连用) ⑦buy sb. for sth.(leave、get、win、gain、lose等“得失”意义与for连用) ⑧tell sb.(show、teach、sing、write、read等“告知”意义与to连用) ⑨give sth. to sb.(give、allow、promise、pass、hand等“授予”意义与to连用) 注意:⑦⑧⑨可换成buy .双宾结构。 ⑩say to sb.(suggest、explain、apologize、murmur、whisper与“对象”连用必词和介词的区别是什么吗?下面是店铺为你整理的连词与介词须用to)不可说suggest .。 四、核心介词的用法归纳与辨析 1. 表示时间的介词in的用法如下。 表示在某一较长时间内,如世纪、年、月、季、周等一般用介词in, 如:in the 1990s, in the year, in January, in(the) winter / summer / fall / spring, in the first week of May。 还可以用时段名词组成固定短语或词组。如:in a while, in no time, in the daytime, in a short while, in time, in the morning (afternoon, evening)。 但要注意: ①at night / at noon, in the day(在白天),in the night(大夜间)。 ②in five days(weeks, months, years)中in意思是“在„„以后”。 特别提醒:如果大家想要了解更多英语方面知识,或者想要深入学习英语的,可以扫以下二维码,定制沪江网校精品课程,高效实用的个性化学习方案,专属督导全程伴学 。 英语中的介词和连词在句子中扮演着非常重要的角色,它们能够连接单词、短语和子句,从而清晰地表达句子的意思。以上小编为大家分享了英语介词和连词的区别,希望对大家有帮助。

  • 英语中形容词与介词搭配使用法

    事物在情绪上的反应。能与表示这种惫义的Rl搭配的形容词有:amazed, annove4d ,astonished, disappointexd, shocked, excited , hunts等。 He was angry at teeing called names. My father was very disappointed at being dismissed again. At也可以表示在某方面的能力。能与表示这种意义的Ri搭配的形容词有:adept, brilliant,clever ,expert, hopeless, good, useless, had, excellent等。 She's good at language and bad at tennis. I'm not very clever at cooking. 3.For:表示形容词所指向的对象.能与for搭配的形容词有appropriate,suitable, responsible, lit ,famous, liable, necessary, eager, essential, sorry等。 I feel really sorry for her children. We are eager for news. 4.From :表示与……相词的积累和语法的掌握是学习的重中之重。有些形容词既可以单独放在系动词分离。能与其搭配的形容词有

    2023-10-04

    词性 英语精华

  • 英语介词搭配使用方法

    事物在情绪上的反应。能与表示这种惫义的Rl搭配的形容词有:amazed, annove4d ,astonished, disappointexd, shocked, excited , hunts等。 He was angry at teeing called names. My father was very disappointed at being dismissed again. At也可以表示在某方面的能力。能与表示这种意义的Ri搭配的形容词有:adept, brilliant,clever ,expert, hopeless, good, useless, had, excellent等。 She's good at language and bad at tennis. I'm not very clever at cooking. 3.For:表示形容词所指向的对象.能与for搭配的形容词有appropriate,suitable, responsible, lit ,famous, liable, necessary, eager, essential, sorry等。 I feel really sorry for her children. We are eager for news. 4.From :表示与……相词汇的过程中,有些形容词既可以单独放在系动词之后作补语,也可以与后面的介词分离。能与其搭配的形容词有

  • 介词用英文的缩写

    母法: 以某个单词为基础,增、减、换一个字母就变成了另一个新单词。例如:ice-nice-rice,ear-near-hear-dear,lake,snake、cake、make,这样不仅容易读出新词,而且能记住相同字母的发音规律。 3、应用记忆法: 即将单词应用到实际生活中,做到可以随时随地的记忆单词。例如:学记construction建设这个词,这个词来源于中国建设银行

  • 突破英语中的介词困境

    介词在英语中扮演着连接词语、短语或从句的重要角色,但对于许多学习者来说,正确使用介词仍然是一个挑战。介词

  • 英语语法详解介词

    英语中的介词(Preposition)表示一个句子中名词,代词等词和句子中其它词语之间的关系。介词在句子中不能单独作句子成分,它只能用在一个名词或代词之前。下面是关于介词的使用方法,大家可以作为学习的参考。 什么是介词? 介词又叫做前置词,是一种虚词。 一、介词的分类 1.按照介词的组合,可分为简单介词、复合介词和短语介词。 简单介词:是指单一介词,如:at,in,of, by,about, for, from,except, since,near,with等。 复合介词:是指由两个简单介词组成的介词,如:inside,outside,onto,into,throughout

  • 英语学习过程中有哪些介词要掌握

    , in search of, in place of, for lack of, for fear of, by nature, in case, by chance 的辨析. 十一、误区提醒 1. 一些介词的基本用法不清;2. 一些多义介词的用法弄混;3. 一些介词短语不会灵活运用。 【典型例题】 1.Would you mind not picking the flowers in the garden? They are ____ everyone's enjoyment. B. at C. for D. to 解析: 错选D。for everyone's enjoyment 意为“为了大家欣赏

  • 语法 | 英语介词的基本含义

    介词是一种用来表示词与词, 词与句之间的关系的词。在句中不能单独作句字成分。介词后面一般有名词代词或相当于名词的其他词类,短语或从句作它的宾语。介词和它的宾语构成介词词组,在句中作状语,表语,补语或介词宾语。下面,就跟着小编一起来看看相关的语法知识吧! 总结归纳 英语中的介词,除了有基本的意义以外,往往还有若干引申转化的意义。如介词in常用的表达形式所表达的意义就有:in space在空间,in surprise惊奇地,in the day在白天,in the day time在白天、在白昼,in the fields of在……领域里,in the end最后、终于,in the face of在……当中,in the fields在田地里,in the middle of在……当中,in the north(south)在北(南)方,in the past fifty years在过去的五十年里,in the sky在天上,in the 17th century在第十七世纪,in the street在街上,in the tree在树上,in time及时,in town在镇上,in those days在那些日里,in trouble处于困境(苦恼)中。 除了这些介词in以外,还有许多介词如:at,for,of,to,with,by等,每个介词都具有多种意义。在教学中我们要对此类表示若干个意义的介词,加以归纳总结,让学生全面理解和掌握介词的意义,而不是单一地机械地用一个固定的中文词去给某介词释义。不仅如此,我们还要引导学生注意不同的英语介词与相同的宾语搭配将表示各种不同的意义。我们在讲授by oneself这个介词短语的时候,不妨启发学生由oneself这个反身代词联想与其连用的其他介词。例如for oneself, of oneself, to oneself, with oneself, in oneself。   上述介词反身代词的结构独具意义,且运用广泛,若能适时地启发学生产生联想,适度地教给他们某些词组,对于他们的语言运用能力的提高,将取到事半功倍的效果。   又如,在教look through这个词组时,不妨启发学生联想look after,look around,look for等。 怎么样,看完了这篇文章,大家是不是对介词的具体含义和用法有了初步的了解了呢?喜欢就赶快收藏起来吧~

    2017-10-31

    英语介词

  • 史上超全的英语介词用法归纳总结

    看了电影(共计31人去)。 he is interested in tennis besides(=as well as)football.他对足球和网球都感兴趣。 2. except是指不包括后面所提人或物在内的“除去”。 everyone is excited except me. 除我以外的每个人都很激动(我并不激动)。 all the visitors are japanese except him. 除他以外的所有游客都是日本人。(他不是日本人) 注意:(a) except通常与表示全体的all, every连用;若与other连用,只词汇,还要掌握语法,这样才能够轻松使用。今天我们为大家整理了史上超全的英语介词用法能用besides。 he had other people to take care of besides me. 除我之外,他还要照顾别人。 (b) except是排除同类;而except for是排除非同类,常在说明基本情况后,从细节上加上修正。 the composition is very good except for a few spelling mistakes. 除了几处拼写错误之外,这篇作文整体还是不错的。 (作文与拼写错误是非同类的)但except for 有时也可代替 except,特别是在句首时,因为 except 是不能用于句首的。 except for george, you can all go. 除乔治外,你们都可以去。 以上就是为大家整理的史上超全的英语介词用法归纳总结,希望能够对大家有所帮助。掌握了介词的使用方法,还要多加练习,这样才能够逐渐的学好英语。