• 专八改错练习及详解(18)

    专八改错练习第十八篇: Yesterday afternoon John and I were walking alonga road where we heard someone shout "Help! Help!" He wasin __1__ a lake, about a hundred feet from the shore. There wasa __2__ small boat nearby. We knew immediately whathappened. __3__ He had fallen out of the boat and could not swim good enough __4__ to reach it or to get to the shore. As we ran towards the lake I saw him sunk, and I was certain that he would drown. But in __5__ a moment his head appeared again. Quickly John took out his __6__ shoes, jumped into the water and started swimming toward the drowned man. He reached him just as the man went down __7__ again. He was close enough as to stretch out his hand and try __8__ to take hold of the man's clothes or his hair before he sank. But the man threw out his arms in fear, caught John across the __9__ neck, and began to draw him down under the water. John fought to keep his head above the water and at the same time tried to swim toward the boat, pulled the man with him. __10__ 答案及解析(反白可见): 1. where—when 2. a lake—the lake 据上下文判断,这是指离专八改错海边唯一的湖泊,因此用定冠词 3.在happened前加had 4. good—well 副词well修饰swim —sinking 现在分词表示正在进行的动作 6. out—off 7. drowned—drowning drowned意味着此人已经被淹死了,drowning表示正在进行,快要淹死了 8. 去掉as 直接由to stretch作状语 9. across—around across意味“穿过”,即“穿过他的脖子”,意义不通顺。改为around即为“抱着他的脖子”,合乎逻辑和本文意义 10. pulled—pulling 

  • 专八改错练习及详解(19)

    别是:前者介词in后面跟结果,后者介词from后面跟原因。从上下文来看,是说地震引起海浪,所以应该用from。 nt^-to 形容词adjacent可以直接放在名词前做定语,例如:an adjacent city(一个临近的城市)。但是如果做后置定语就要和介词to搭配,例如: a city adjacent to Shanghai。 erate-considerable considerate意思为 “体贴的,周到的”,considerable意思是“相当大的,相当多的”。 -but 前文说12到15米高的海啸给Ormara和Pasi两个地方带来了很大的损失,而Combay海湾的海啸有15米高,却没有灾难记录。从前后句的逻辑关系来看,二者是对比转折,所以应专八改错该用but。 -where 先行词是Mumbai,在非限制性关系分句中做地点状语,所以应该用关系副词where引导。 

  • 专八改错练习及详解(6)

    能做形容词,而如果把它理解成现在进行词,后面又缺乏宾语,所以应该改为形容词manifest,表示 “显然的,明显的”. 2.把begins改为began 根据下一行出现的could可以判断本句是过去时. 3.把mean改为means. by means of 是固定用法. 4.在added后面加上to 如果add后面不加to,此句就表示 “把图书馆加到某个事物上去”,加上to,表示给图书馆增加了内容,符合句义. 5.把risen改为raised rise是不及物动词,不能用于被动语态. 6.把However改为Moreover 此句的意思是:新知识一经获得,马上就得到实际应用.这是对上文的追加,不存在转折关系,因此应该用moreover. 7.删除but后面的not 8.把Like改为As 9.把could改为can 主句为现在时,而从句也不表示虚拟,所以应专八改错该用现在时. 10.在that后面加上of. 为了避免重复,这里用that指代spectacle,后面的gunner using是that 的内容.因此应该用介词of引出. 

  • 专八改错练习及详解(5)

    专八改错练习第五篇: Tracing missing persons can take much patientdetective work. But a special kind of “private eye” cantrace the missing ancestors of whole peoples by studying the clues buried by words. __1__ These philologists, such as the language detectives arecalled, have traced __2__ the word trail back from peoples in Europe, India,South Africa, the Americas, and the Pacific islands in a tiny nameless, and forgotten tribe that roamed central__3__ Eurasia 5000 to 6000 years ago, before the dawn of writing history. __4__ Since a long time scholars have been puzzled over the striking __5__ difference of words in different languages. In Dutch, vader; in Latin, pater;in __6__ old Irish, athir; in Persian, pidar;in the Sanskrit of distant India, pitr. These words all sounded likely and meant the same thing—“father” __7__ Where did it happen that widely separated peoples used such __8__ close related sound symbols? The problem baffled linguists for years. The more so__9__ because “father” was but one of a host of such coincidences. Towards the end of the 18 century it dawned on scholars that perhaps all these words stemmed__10__ from some common language. 参考答案及解析(反白可见): 1. 将by改为in (be) buried in 意思为 “被…所掩盖,掩蔽于…” 2. 将such去掉 在这里as是连词,引导状语从句. 3. 将第一个and改为to (这个句子长,小心上当呀) 以便和前文的from构成搭配 “from…to…”,表示 “从……到……”. 4. 将writing改为written` “有文字记载的历史”英语为 “written history”. 5. 将Since改为 For 因为since做介词, 表示 “自从……起” 之意时,后面一般不跟表示一段时间的名词. 6. 将difference改为similarity 从后面的例子我们可以看出,作者在这里讲述的是文字的惊人的相同之处,而不是不同之处. 7. 将likely改为alike likely 意思为 “很可能的”,不做 “相同的,相专八改错似的”解. 8. 将where改为why 这里不是问地点而是问原因,从后面的because也可以看出. 9. 将close改为副词closely 因为形容词close不能修饰过去分词related. 10. 将18改为 18th. The more so because “father” was but one of a host of such coincidences. 这句话的the more so because是什么意思呢, 以为人家出版社错了,不过看两本资料都这么写. 有谁看得懂么?还是说真的是出错了. 原来the more so because意思为: 更何况. 

  • 2016改革后专八真题:改错和翻译

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  • 专八改错练习及详解(1)

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    专八改错

  • 专八改错练习及详解(27)

    化为能量时”,而even没有这个意思。 3.In--On 此处实际上考查的是depend on,为了强调状语,把on this cycle放在了句首,正常的顺序应该是“All life depends on this cycle”。 --much 这里much指代的是不可数名词food。 --times 根据上下文的语境,此处time为“某一时期的生活状况,环境等”的含义,一般用复数形式times,再如:We lived through terrible times during the war years。 ^--the 这专八改错句话是说:一个很好的例子是白尾鹿。这里是表示特指,所以white-tailed deer前面应该有定冠词the。 --in good condition为一个习语,good前面没有冠词。再如:The goods arrived in goodcondition。 --句子的主语是怀孕的成年母鹿,与give birth to 是施动者与动作的关系,不应用被动语态。 uce--produce 根据常识和上下文的内容母鹿所需的能量是为了产奶(produce milk),而不是繁殖奶(reproducemilk)。 ^--not 句中用到的是“not…unless…”这一固定结构表示“除非…,才能…” 

  • 专八改错练习及详解(14)

    句话如果用正常的语序说应该是:it is worth to sacrifice how much freedom inorder to achieve any aim……这样看显然worth的用法是错的,应改为worthwhile,原句的意思是:但是当你步入中年时便会发现,为了实现一个目标值得你牺牲多少自由……。 --in 应该是have something in view表示“看得见……”,所以应改为in view,而不是onview。 --from 如果名词relief表示“从……得以解脱”时,要用介词from而不是of,如:toseek/find/provide relief from the heat/cold/pain/noise。 --bathed bath是名词,而在这里需要一个动词,bathe是动词,所以应改为bathed。 ody^--else everybody就已经包括了说话人自己,所以这里应改为everybody else。 8.^until--not 中文里的“直到……才……”在英文里就要加上not,变成“not until...that...”,所以要在原文until签名加上not。 --did 句子i should no longer care if they do用的是虚拟语气,是对现实的不真实的假设,所以用if从句后加did。 rable--tolerable 青年人和中年人的区别在于能使青年人不快乐的事情中年人都可以忍受。这专八改错也是中年的好处所在,所以此句中的intolerable应该改为tolerable。 

  • 专八改错练习及详解(10)

    人在一年危险期的幸存几率是完全无人陪伴的病人的两倍。 5.在poison前面加上a 不定冠词修饰不可数名词,该名词后面再加上定语成分对该词进一步说明。 6.删除been 7.把sure改为surely 8.把but改为and 本句与上一段最后一句在结构(just as)上专八改错相似,在意义上是递进关系,不应该用转折连词衔接,用and合适。 9.把his改为their 此处的代词应该代替the oldest old, the oldest old 表示一类人可以用单数也可以用复数,但是下文提到这些年事极高的老人都用了复数,所以此处也要改为复数,使上下文一致。 10.把in改为at 词组at every turn意思为“ 时时,经常”。