一般过去将来时常用于描述过去某时间里你对于未来的想法。猜想正确与否并无多大关系。基本形式为would+动词原形和was/were going to+动词原形。之前我们详解了一般过去将来时的否定和疑问用法，现在来一般过去将来时常用于描述过去看看它的被动用法。 基本形式：（1）would + be + 动词的过去分词（2）was / were +going to be + 动词的过去分词 我们通过例句来感受下被动态： （1） I knew John would finish the work by 5:00 PM. (Active) 我知道约翰会在5点前结束工作。（主动） I knew the work would be finished by 5:00 PM. (Passive) 我知道工作会结束于5点之前。（被动） （2） I thought Sally was going to make a beautiful dinner. (Active) 我想萨里会去做一顿丰盛的晚餐。（主动） I thought a beautiful dinner was going to be made by Sally. (Passive) 我想一顿丰盛的晚餐会出自萨里之手。（被动） （3） I believed that Jack was going to write a letter to Tom. (Active) 我相信杰克会给汤姆写信的。（主动） I believed that a letter was going to be written to Tom by Jack. (Passive) 我相信有封信会写自杰克之手并被交给汤姆。（被动） （4） I knew that my sister would buy a house. (Active) 我知道我姐姐要买房了。（主动） I knew that a house would be bought by my sister. (Passive) 我知道有一所房子要被我姐姐买下了。（被动） 如果同学们对于现在时的主动被动态了解的很清楚的话，一般过去将来时的被动态应该可以很轻松的拿下吧。
大家一定都很熟悉一般过去时了。那么一般过去将来时又是个什么时态呢？请看详解： [en]Like Simple Future, Future in the Past has two different forms in English: "would" and "was going to." Although the two forms can sometimes be used interchangeably, they often express two different meanings.[/en][cn]就如般将来时，一般过去将来时有两种不同的形式：“would”和“was going to”。虽然这两个形式偶尔可以互换，但一般来说是表达不同意思的。[/cn] [en]FORM Would[/en][cn]形式would[/cn] [en][would + VERB][/en][cn] [would + 动词][/cn] [en]Examples:[/en][cn]例子：[/cn] I knew you would help him. [en]FORM Was/Were Going To[/en][cn]形式Was/Were Going To[/cn] [en][was/were + going to + VERB] [/en][cn][was/were + going to + 动词][/cn] [en]Examples:[/en][cn]例子：[/cn] I knew you were going to go to the party. 概述 [en]Future in the Past is used to express the idea that in the past you thought something would happen in the future. It does not matter if you are correct or not. Future in the Past follows the same basic rules as the Simple Future. "Would" is used to volunteer or promise, and "was going to" is used to plan. Moreover, both forms can be used to make predictions about the future.[/en][cn]一般过去将来时常用于描述过去某时间里你对于未来的想法。猜想正确与否并无多大关系。一般过去将来时和一般将来时的基本规则一样。“would”用于描述志愿或允诺。“was going to”常用于描述计划。此外，两种形式都可用于描述对未来的猜想。[/cn] [en]Examples:[/en][cn]例子：[/cn] [en]I told you he was going to come to the party. (plan)[/en][cn]我之前告诉过你他会来参加聚会的。（计划）[/cn] [en]I knew Julie would make dinner. (voluntary action)[/en][cn]我知道朱莉会做晚饭。（自愿性的动作）[/cn] [en]Jane said Sam was going to bring his sister with him, but he came alone. (plan)[/en][cn]简说萨姆会带着他姐妹过来的，但是他一个人来了。（计划）[/cn] [en]I had a feeling that the vacation was going to be a disaster. (Prediction)[/en][cn]我有预感这个假期会是一个灾难。（猜测）[/cn] [en]He promised he would send a postcard from Egypt. (Promise)[/en][cn]他说过要从埃及寄张明信片过来的。（允诺）[/cn] 通过概述，我们对一般过去将来时有了初步认识。一般过去将来时经常用于描述过去某时间里你对于未来的想法。时间点上有点绕，大家可以画个图来直观感受下“过去”和“过去里谈论的未来”两个时间概念。
我们今晚会出去吃。（过一般过去将来时使用would或was/were going to去描述过去去想的）[/cn] [en]I think we are going to eat out tonight.[/en][cn]我想我们今晚会出去吃。[/cn] （4） [en]He said that he wouldn't finish his work this afternoon.[/en][cn]他说他今天下午完成不了工作。（过去说的）[/cn] [en]He says that he won't finish his work this afternoon.
划在8点前往另一个城市。 3、was/were to do 表示曾经计划要做某事，如果没有实现，要用不定时完成时。 例句： （1）I would be very happy if one or more of them were to decide to come and live in China. 如果他们中有一两个或全都要决定回来住在中国，那我是很高兴的。 （2）She said she was to travel. 她说她要去旅行。 （3）She said she was to have met Jack, but they missed. 她说她原本打算去见杰克，但是他们错一般过去将来时的基本形式的用法。其实还有其他的方式可以用于一般过去将来时过了。 4、was/were on the point of doing 表示正要……的时候 例句： （1）He was on the point of writing letters when I called him. 我给他打电话的时候他正要写信。 （2）The employee was on the point of quitting his job. 这名员工即将停止他的工作。 （3）He was on the point of saying something when a young woman started to speak. 他正要张嘴，一个年轻妇女抢先说了。 总结 本篇我们总结了4个除了基本形式之外的用于一般过去将来时的用法：was/were about to do、was/were due to do、was/were to do和was/were on the point of doing。同学们课下可以多仿写例句来巩固知识点。
一般过去将来时 形式：would+动词原形和was/were going to+动词原形 用于描述过去某时间里你对于未来的想法和猜测。 一般过去使用一般过去时。即，特定场合的一般过去时可以表示过去将来时。 例如： （1）我告诉马克了，一旦他来了，我们就出去吃晚餐。 I already told Mark that when he would arrive, we would go out for dinner. （错误） I already told Mark that when he arrived, we would go out for dinner.（正确） （2）他说倘若战事顺利的话，他要给我弄一个奖章。 He said that if the war would go well, he would see that I was decorated. （错误） He said that if the war went well, he would see that I was decorated.（正确） 怎么样？同学们掌握使用一般过去时代替一般过去将来时的用法了吗？
到过有时一般过去时可以代替一般过去将来时使用。那么让我们来做个小练习巩固一下吧。 练习题： 1.He said he ____(go) to the park if it ____(not rain) the next day. 2.Mother said that if you ____(get) up late, you would be late for school. 3.I've been onto the general manager, he said he ____(attend) the meeting. 4.He said he ____(never take) back his promise. 5.We were about to leave when he____(come) in. 6.The little boy said that he ____(not go) to bed until his father ____(come) back. 7.I was sure that I ____(finish) my work by the time you____(come) back. 8.The doctor insisted that if he____(continue) to eat nothing his health____(be) soon in great danger. 9.I knew immediately how this____(go) down with my Chief, whose limited capacity for forgiveness surely did not include being upstaged. 10.I already told Mark that when he____(arrive), we____(go) out for dinner. 答案与句子翻译： 1.He said he would go to the park if it didn't rain the next day. 他说如果第二天不下雨他就去公园. 2.Mother said that if you got up late, you would be late for school. 妈妈说如果你起床晚了，你上学会迟到的。 3.I've been onto the general manager, he said he would attend the meeting. 我与总经理打电话联系过了，他说他会来参加会议。 4.He said he would never take back his promise. 他说他绝不取消他的许诺。 5.We were about to leave when he came in. 我们就要离开，就在那时他进一般过去将来时用于描述过去某时间里你对于未来的想法和猜测。而一般过去时描述过去发生过的事。我们谈到过有时一般过去来了。 6.The little boy said that he wouldn't go to bed until his father came back. 小男孩说在他爸爸回来之前不会去睡觉。 7.I was sure that I would finish my work by the time you came back. 我相信你回来之前我会结束工作。 8.The doctor insisted that if he continued to eat nothing his health would be soon in great danger.医生坚持认为，如果他继续不吃东西，那么不久就性命难保了。 9.I knew immediately how this would go down with my Chief, whose limited capacity for forgiveness surely did not include being upstaged. 我马上就猜到我的上司怎样看待这件事了。他气量有限，肯定不能容忍别人抢出风头。 10.I already told Mark that when he arrived, we would go out for dinner. 我告诉马克，一旦他来了，我们就出去吃晚餐。
能来因为要开会。 （3） You told me that Jack would finish his homework. 你告诉我杰克会做完他的作业。 You told me that Jack would be doing his homework tonight. 你告诉我杰克今晚会在做作业。 （4） I knew that she would write a letter to her boyfriend. 我知道她会给她男朋友写信。 I knew that she would be wring a letter to her boyfriend. 我知道她正在给她男朋友写信。 （5） He asked me what I would do tomorrow. 他问我明天会做什么。 He asked me what I should be doing six o'clock tomorrow. 他问我次日六点将正在做什么。 同一般将来时和将来进一般过去将来时 形式：would+动词原形；was/were going to+动词原形 用于描述过去的时间点上对未来事件的看法和猜想。 过去将来行时的区别一样，一般过去将来时和过去将来进行时的区别在于是否为持续性动作。请仔细留意从句中是否有具体的时间点。
之前我们介绍了一般过去将来时的肯定用法为“would+动词原形”和“was/were+going+to+动词原形。今天我们来看下一般过去将来时的否定和疑问用法。 一、否定用法： （1）主语+be not（wasn‘t，weren’t）going+to+动词原形 Marcia called everyone and told them she wasn't going to have the party. 玛西娅给每个人都打了电话，告诉他们她不打算举行宴会了。 he stressed that she wasn't going to help. 她强调说她不会帮忙。 She said she wasn't going to start at once.她说她不会立即出发。 （2）主语+would（should或could）not+动词原形 I knew John wouldn't finish the work by 5:00 PM. 我知道约翰在5点前结束不了工作。 He said he would not come to see me.他说他不会来看我。 I was sure that he wouldn't pay any money on it. 我相信他不会花钱在这上面。 二、疑问用法： （1）Be（Was，Were）+主语+going to+动词原形 Was Jack going to travel with his parents? He didn't tell me about it. 杰克会和他父母一起去旅行吗？他没告诉过我这事。 （2）Would（Should could）+主语+动词原形 Would he go to the party? I didn't know that. 他会参加聚会吗？我不知道这事。 （3）特殊疑问词+would+主语+动词原形 What would be right? I didn’t know how to do it. 怎样做才好？我不知道从哪入手。 一般过去将来时的疑问用法有点小绕，虽然不常用，也希望大家多看例句，帮助理解。