• 2012年英语专四单项选择模拟题(4)

    enchanted    D. enclosed 51.[D]【译文】虽然我很爱你,我并不打算跟你结婚。   【解析】考查as引导的让步状语从句。as引导让步状语从句,必须将从句的表语、状语置于as之前,故选D。   52.[C]【译文】今天早上要是我没有那么忙的话我就可以帮你搞卫生了。   【解析】考查虚拟语气。本句中,1 wish后面的谓语动词用过去完成时表示过去的愿望,因此本题选C,could have done表示“本可以做到却没有做”。   53.[C]【译文】在那个问题上,我宁愿你暂时不要做任何评论。   【解析】考查wouid rather的用法。I'd rather后接从句时要用虚拟语

  • 2012年英语专四单项选择模拟题(2)

    “越……越……”。后半句还原成正常语序应为the more I got excited,the more l would use up my oxygen。 17.[C]【译文】玩具制造商生产了一种小型的太空站,每一个细节都很精确。   【解析】形近词词义辨析题。mini.表示“微型的,小的”。minimal“最小的,极少的”;minimum“最小量的,最低的”:miniature“微型的,小型的”;minor“较小的,较少的”。玩具制造商生产出的太空站应是“微型的”,故选C。 18.[B]【译文】我想租一间舒适的,现代化的房,但尤其重要的是周围要比较安静。   【解析】短语含义辨析题。all

  • 2012年英语专四单项选择模拟题(1)

    “缓解,消除”;dismiss“解雇,开除”。由于小女孩害怕,所以应该是紧抓“我”的手不放松之义,故选A。 73.[B]【译文】鲍伯并不笨,但他在上学期的期末考试中成绩并不理想。     【解析】形容词词义辨析题。由but可知Bob虽然考得不好,但并不表示他“迟钝的,笨的”,故选8。gloomy “黑暗的。令人沮丧的”和tedious“乏味的,单调的”可首先排除。awkward更偏指做事“不灵活的,不灵巧的”;dull则指“(反应,理解方 面)迟钝的,呆笨的”,故8更符合。 74.[C]【译文】我的指导老师时常提醒我要利用一切机会来提高英语水平。   【解析】动词词义辨析及固定搭配。assure

  • 2011年英语专四阅读模拟题(1)

    :第4-6段阐述了饮食变革给人们带来的启示。 【答案解析】 81.[C]细节判断题。根据文章第l段的描述:在作者孩提时代的意大利家庭里,母亲们很少外出工作,祖孙三代同居一室.家人必须聚在一起用餐,吃的东 西除了配料来自市场外,大部分蔬菜都是自己种植,肉类则是来自朋友或熟人喂养的牲畜,因此选项C符合题意。B表述与原文有出入。D中的fresh没有原文 依据。 82.[A]词义理解题。第2段指出20世纪60—70年代家烘的蛋糕和手工面食已经不受欢迎了,取而代之的是工厂加工的食品;而到 了80年代末期,食品加工已发生……变革。再结合该段末句的loss和threatened可知,随着时间的推移,饮食变革

  • 2011年英语专四阅读模拟题(7)

    干涉,法案却没有通过的原因;最后一 段:Alexander Lee认为人们应该改变观念,为减少碳排放量贡献力量。 【答案解析】 1[D]细节判断题。考查使用干衣机的弊端,文章第1段第2句话对此有叙述:有些人认为干衣机浪费能源从而造成电的损耗.释放的二氧化碳污染空气,A、B、C选项分别列举了这些弊端,本题是逆向选择题,要求选出不是干衣机弊端的一项,故选D 2.[C]细节判断题。第2段提到,户外晾衣绳不仅破坏优美的风景还降低房产价值,A、B都对。D与本段最后一句表述也相符。C无法从文中推断出来,故选C。 3.[C]观点态度题。考查HOAs协会的成员对限制使用晾衣绳的态度。第3段最后几旬提到,如果

  • 2011年英语专四阅读模拟题(3)

    表明,就算是假装感恩也能让人觉得开心和满足。但他建议的是,让作者在给定的一周或一月内把每件值得感激的事情全都记下来,因此不选A。 3.[C]短语含义理解题。根据第6段的第2句可知,感恩拜访指的就是对你的人生有重大影响而你却未曾表达谢意的人登门造访。所以选项C正确。 4.[B]细节推断题。从第6段第2句对拜访对象的解释及第7段首句可知他的英语老师是对他人生影响最深的人,从第9段信件内容也可知道这一点,故选B。 5.[A]段落细节题。最后一段讲述感恩月过后作者及其妻子的改变:生活中不愉快的事情时有发生,但是保持一颗感恩的心将会让你忘掉一切不开心。这表明Emmons教授的建议是非常奏效的。故选项A符合题意。 6.[C]全文主旨题。文章主要描述了作者在感恩月中的体验及感恩月之后的改变。选项A(怎样进行感恩拜谢)、B(怎样使事情变得有所不同)以及D(怎样成为一个感恩的人)

  • 2011年英语专四阅读模拟题(2)

    认可的态度。 2.[A]细节判断题。第l段最后两个问句表明了作者认为衣服应该是comfortably durable,而不应该一味追求new或者flesh,A正确。 3.[B]推理判断题。本题考查复合句的理解。第2段首句提到“时尚一年一年地变化,因此很多人可以赚大把的钱”,后面再具体说明商人是如何通过时尚 赚钱的。第2句表明,时尚业能使人们觉得需要某种东西,也就是选项B所说的。选项A在文中并无提及,选项C和D的陈述与本段的倒数第2句不符。 4.[C]推理判断题。第5段第2句中的logical表明作者认为科学家和历史学家的研究结果是可信的,有道理的,因此C为正确选项。虽然下面所举的两个例子看起来很有趣,但是作者重点不是为了说明这些研究结果的有趣程度,而是为了说明时尚的起因都是符合逻辑的。 5.[B]细节判断题。选项A和C分别在倒数第2段第3.4句提到,选项D在最后一段提到。只有选项B在文中没有提及。

  • 2011年英语专四完形填空模拟题(2)

    新近的”。 39.[B]【解析】根据句意可知,人们换车的目的不是为了拥有更便利的交通工具,而是为了证明……,前后语义为转折关系,故B正确。 40.[A]【解析】afford“买得起,有能力购买”,该词充分体现了人们用较新款式的车辆换本来性能很好的车辆的心态。 41.[C]【解析】urge sb.to do“催促,怂恿某人做某事”,符合作者当时不愿意换车而汽修工怂恿他换车的情况。 42.[D]【解析】trade…for…意为“用……换……”,符合句意.D 正确。 43.[B]【解析】由作者的提问可知,他的车性能还是很好的,in shape“(在外形上)处于良好状态”符合句意。 44.[A]【解析】可利用排除法解题。such…behavior是代指上文提到汽车修理工劝“我”换车的经历,unnecessary“无必要的”符合句意。 45.[C]【解析】ponder over“考虑,深思”,符合旬意。 46.[A]【解析】根据空格后句子中complexity和simplicity的对照关系,可知0ften符合句意。 47.[C]【解析】由该段末句中的a better…is to…可知作者并不提倡过着像猫狗那样的简单生活,C符合句意.no reason for…“没有理由……”。 48.[A]【解析】后文作者指出了更好的解决办法,可知作者在这里并不是要我们return to“回归到”猫狗那样的简单生活。A正确。 49.[B]【解析】对某问题的解决对策通常都用solution,B正确。 50.[D]【解析】空格后半句是前半句的结果,D符合句意

  • 2011年英语专四阅读模拟题(6)

    Within that exclusive group of literary characters who have survived through the centuries--from Hamlet to Huckleberry Finn--few can rival the cultural impact of Sherlock Holmes. Since his first public appearance 20 years ago, the gentleman with the curved pipe and a taste for cocaine, the master of deductive reasoning and elaborate disguise, has left his mark everywhere--in crime literature, film and television, cartoons and comic books. At Holmes' side, of course, was his trusted friend Dr. Watson. Looming even larger, however, was another doctor, one whose medical practice was so slow it allowed him plenty of time to pursue his literary ambition. His name: Arthur Conan Doyle. As the creator of these fictional icons, Conan Doyle has himself become something of a cult figure, the object of countless critical studies, biographies and fan clubs. Conan Doyle was born in Edinburgh in 1859, in a respectable middle-class Catholic family. Still, it was far from an easy life. There was never enough money; they moved frequently in search of lower rents; and his father, a civil servant and illustrator was an alcoholic who had to be institutionalized. Yet the early letters he wrote to his mother are surprisingly optimistic, concerned mainly with food, clothes, allowances and schoolwork. At 14 came his first unforgettable visit to London, including Madame Tussaud's, where he was "delighted with the room of Horrors, and the images of the murderers." A superb student, Conan Doyle went on to medical school, where he was attracted by Dr. Joseph Bell, a professor with an uncanny ability to diagnose patients even before they opened their mouths. For a time he worked as Bell's outpatient clerk and would watch, amazed, at how the location of a callus could reveal a man's profession, or how a quick look at a skin rash told Bell that the patient had once lived in Bermuda. In 1886, Conan Doyle outlined his first novel, A Study in Scarlet, which he described as "a simple tale of mystery to make a little extra money." Its main character, initially called Sherringford Hope and later called Sherlock Holmes, was based largely on Bell. But Holmes' first appearance went almost unnoticed, and the struggling doctor devoted nearly all of his spare time to writing long historical novels in the style of Sir Walter Scott—novels that he was convinced would make his reputation. It wasn't to be. In 1888, Holmes reappeared in A Scandal in Bohemia, a short story in Strand Magazine. And this time, its hero took an immediate hit and Conan Doyle's life would never be the same. 1. The typical features of Sherlock Holmes were all EXCEPT   A. rational.   B. sociable.    C. intelligent.    D. cunning. 2. Which of the following is NOT true about Conan Doyle and his family?   A. He came from a middle-class family.    B. They led a hard life in Edinburgh.   C. His father was addicted to drinking.    D. His mother had received little education. 3. How did Conan Doyle feel about his first visit to London?   A. It was horrible.    B. It was pleasant.   C. It was awful.    D. It was memorable. 4. We can infer from the last paragraph that   A. the more calluses a person has, the more professional he would be.   B. writers often base their writing on personal experiences.   C. Conan Doyle has gone through a period of hardship on his way to success.   D. inspiration was very important for a person to create something. 5. Conan Doyle's short story "A Scandai in Bohemia" has proved to be __ at last.   A. successful    B. powerful    C. ridiculous    D. frustrating 【文章概要】 本文描述了柯南道尔的生平及创造福尔摩斯的过程。首段分析柯南道尔作品中福尔摩斯的特征;第2-3段介绍柯南道尔的生平及家庭背景;末段讲述了他的成名过程。 【答案解析】 1.[B]细节判断题。考查福尔摩斯的人物性格特征,定位到第l段。第1段描写福尔摩斯是一个总是拿着卷曲烟斗、嗜好古柯碱、善于推理和伪装的一个 人,因此A、C、D选项都是对福尔摩斯这一人物特征的描绘,而选项B (社交广的)并未在文中提及,本题是逆向选择题,因此选项B是答案。 2.[D]细节判断题。考查柯南道尔的家庭背景,定位到第3段。本段提到柯南道尔出生在一个中产阶级家庭但是生活很不容易,也对他的父亲进行了介绍。但是对于他的母亲文章只提到柯南道尔给其

  • 2011年英语专四阅读模拟题(4)

    从哪些方面影响人们的生活;第7段表明了作者的看法.一味追求高效率的科技也许会使人们丧失比时间更宝贵的 东西。 【答案解析】 1.[C]细节判断题。根据corporate executives定位到第2段。从每个人的回答“没有,正好相反”可推断C正确;公司经理们的回答和接下来讲到的时间更长,压力更大,更不耐烦等等可 知他们要强调的是科技给他们带来的负面影响,故A、B、D都可排除。 2.[B]细节判断题。从第3段可知A中的free是文中liberate的同义替换,故A不选;第3段说到网络生活开始奴役我们。但并不是说网络一代变成了技术的奴隶,故B错误,为正确答案;从Instead 可推知,技术专家们