Section A  听力长对话
Directions: In this section, you will hear two long conversations. At the end of each conversation, you will hear four questions. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer. from the four choices marked A), B),C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.
Questions 1 to 4 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
1. A) It is advertising electronic products.
B) It is planning to tour East Asia.
C) It is sponsoring a TV programme.
D) It is giving performances in town.
2. A) 20,000 pounds.
B) 12,000 pounds.
C) Less than 20,000 pounds.
D) Less than 12,000 pounds.
3. A) A lot of good publicity.
B) Talented artists to work for it.
C) Long-term investments.
D) A decrease in production costs.
4. A) Promise long-term cooperation with the Company.
B) Explain frankly their own current financial situation.
C) Pay for the printing of the performance programme.
D) Bear the cost of publicising the Company's performance.
Questions 5 to 8 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
5. A) He has been seeing doctors and counsellors.
B) He has found a new way to train his voice.
C) He was caught abusing drugs.
D) He might give up concert tours.
6. A) Singers may become addicted to it.
B) It helps singers warm themselves up.
C) Singers use it to stay away from colds.
D) It can do harm to singers' vocal chords.
7. A) They are eager to become famous.
B) Many lack professional training.
C) Few will become successful.
D) They live a glamorous life.
8. A) Harm to singers done by smoky atmospheres.
B) Side effects of some common drugs.
C) Voice problems among pop singers.
D) Hardships experienced by many young singers.

Section B  听力短文
Directions: In this section, you will hear two passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear three or four questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.
Passage One
Questions 9 to 12 are based on the passage you have just heard.
9. A) It has not been very successful.
B) It has long become a new trend.
C) It has met with strong resistance.
D) It has attracted a lot of users.
10. A) It saves time.
B) It increases parking capacity.
C) It ensures drivers' safety.
D) It reduces car damage.
11. A) Collect money and help new users.
B) Maintain the automated system.
C) Stay alert to any emergency.
D) Walk around and guard against car theft.
12. A) They will vary with the size of vehicles.
B) They will be discountable to regular customers.
C) They will be lower than conventional parking.
D) They will be reduced if paid in cash.
Passage Two
Questions 13 to 15 are based on the passage you have just heard.
13. A) They do not know any solution.
B) They do not give up drunk driving.
C) They do not behave in public places.
D) They do not admit being alcohol addicts.
14. A) To stop them from fighting back.
B) To thank them for their hospitality.
C) To teach them the European lifestyle.
D) To relieve their pains and sufferings.
15. A) Without intervention they will be a headache to the nation.
B) With support they can be brought back to a normal life.
C) They readily respond to medical treatment.
D) They pose a serious threat to social stability.
Section C  听力录音
Directions: In this section, you will hear three recordings of lectures or talks followed by three or four questions. The recordings will be played only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.
Recording One
Questions 16 to 19 are based on the recording you have just heard.
16. A) To award them for their hard work.
B) To build common views.
C) To bring in business projects.
D) To vote for action.
17. A) Recovering from the Great Recession.
B) Creating jobs and boosting the economy.
C) Rewarding innovative businesses.
D) Launching economic campaigns.
18. A) Talking over paying off deficit.
B) Increasing the number of middle class.
C) Controlling the impact on education.
D) Planning to reduce energy consumption.
19. A) Shorten America's way to prosperity.
B) Be cautious about reducing the deficit.
C) Increase deficit to cover the revenue.
D) Require the richest to pay more taxes.
Recording Two
Questions 20 to 22 are based on the recording you have just heard.
20. A) They can be redeemed for cash.
B) They can be used to reduce meal costs.
C) They can be used as membership certificate.
D) They can be used to make reservations.
21. A) It is free for us to download the app.
B) It helps you to be a professional cook.
C) It provides advice about making recipes.
D) It only rates recipes by popularity.
22. A) By showing the weight of 200 kinds of food.
B) By providing the price of 200 calories of food.
C) By picturing the food of 200 calories with weights.
D) By telling people 200 kinds of healthy food.
Recording Three
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the recording you have just heard.
23. A) About 43 percent of American adults.
B) About 18 percent of the whole population.
C) About 40 million American adults.
D) About a half million people in America.
24. A) To set a series of bans on public smoking.
B) To set the price of cigarettes properly.
C) To package the cigarettes with tips of warning.
D) To reduce the production and supply of cigarettes.
25. A) The office of the Surgeon General.
B) The Food and Drug Administration.
C) The Center for Tobacco Products.
D) The Center for Disease Control and Prevention.
Section A 参考答案
1 What do we learn about the South Theater Company?
[B]【解析】女士说 South Theater Company 想知道我
们是否对赞助他们去东亚旅行感兴趣。由此判断这个公司打算去东亚旅行。因此答案为 B 项。
【干扰项排除】①根据各选项内容判断本题问 it 计划做什么事情。②A “给电子产品做广告”对话没有提及,虽然对话提到了广告,但那是下文女士建议公司借赞助的机会给自己做广告,而且也不是 South Theater Company 要做的事情;South Theater Company 想拉
赞助而不是赞助方,C 是利用对话中出现的 program 胡乱制造的干扰项;D“计划在镇里演出”对话没有提及。
2 How much does the South Theater Company ask for in the letter?
[A]【解析】对话中女士明确提到,来信写着希望从女士所在公司得到 20000 英镑的赞助,故 A 项正确。 【干扰项排除】①四个选项均涉及金额数,在听录音时应注意关于数字等的相关表达。②B 项属于近音干扰。 C 项利用女士说的 “but I don't know if they might settle for less”来设置干扰,女士是说不知道对方公司会否接受金额少一点的赞助,这是女士的想法,不是信中写的金额。D 项是结合上述两点设置的干扰信息。
3 What benefit does the woman say their firm can get by sponsoring the South Theater Company?
[A]【解析】男士问赞助能得到什么益处,女士说很好的广告宣传。因此答案为 A。
【干扰项排除】①选项都是名词短语,听录音时注意相关的信息匹配。②B“天才艺术家为它效力”、C“长期投资”和 D“生产成本下降”完全没有出现在对话中。
4 What does the woman suggest they do instead of paying the South Theater Company's travel expenses?
[C]【解析】当男士说旅行的费用太高,没法赞助的时候,女士说为什么不去支付这个旅行项目的印刷费用呢。因此答案为 C 项。
【干扰项排除】①四个选项都是以动词原形开头,判断题目问建议或打算。②A 中的“长期合作”、B 中的“财政状况”以及 D 中的“出版”完全没有出现在对话中,可排除。
5 What does last week's announcement say about rock star,Phil Collins?
[D]【解析】对话中提到上周宣布 Phil Collins 可能会
放弃巡演,因为现场音乐会正在毁掉他的嗓音。因此答案为 D。
【干扰项排除】①根据选项判断问的是某人发生了什么事情,注意录音中对某个人的描述。②A 利用对话中的 doctor 和 counsel (建议)作干扰,对话中并未说 Phil Collins 去看医生和顾问(counsellor);B“找到一种训练嗓音的新方法”对话没有提及;C 中的 abusing drugs (吸毒)与录音中的 voice abuse 不符。
6 What does Paul Philips say about aspirin?
[D]【解析】对话中提到歌手应该避免服用阿司匹林,它会稀释血液,并且如果歌手咳嗽的话,就会导致损伤声带。因此答案为 D。
【干扰项排除】①根据选项判断题目问某样东西(it)对歌手产生或好或坏的作用。②A 中的“上瘾”对话中没有提及;B 中的“热身”尽管在对话最后提到,但不是阿司匹林的作用;C 利用对话中提到的 coughs “咳嗽”进行干扰,咳嗽和感冒并不是一回事。
7 What does Paul Philips say about young pop singers?
[B] 【解析】对话中提到大多数流行歌手面临三个问题:缺乏训练、过度使用和滥用嗓子,特别是他们年轻的时候。B 项说到了其中一项。
8 What are the speakers mainly talking about?
[C] 【解析】对话中女士在谈到一个歌手因嗓子问题不得不取消巡演后,问男士有没有什么建议给那些面临嗓音问题的歌手,然后就此展开了对话。由此判断对话主题是歌手的嗓音问题。故答案为 C。
Section B 参考答案
9 What do we learn about robotic parking in the U.S. so far?
【解析】录音中提到这项机器人停车技术在海外已经成功应用,但是在美国,唯一的另外一个机器人停车场遇到很多麻烦,比如因为技术问题导致汽车跌落以及汽车被困出不来。由此判断在美国这项技术应用得还不是很成功。因此答案为 A。
【干扰项排除】①根据选项判断问的是 it 的发展状况。② B 中的“新趋势”、C 中的“强烈抵制”、D 中的“吸引很多用户”在短文中完全没有提到。
10 advantage does robotic parking have according to its developers?
[B]【解析】录音中提到停车场的开发者对技术还是很有信心的,并且指望它可以在以前只能停放 24 辆车的公寓楼地下室里面挤进 67 辆车,把通常需要的灵活空间也省掉了。可见这种停车场的优势就是可以节省空间,增加停车的容量。故选 B。
【干扰项排除】①根据选项中的 saves, increases, ensures, reduces 判断问的是 It 有什么好处。②A“省时间”、C “确保驾驶员安全”没有提及;D “减少汽车损伤”是利用前面提到的 dropping vehicles 进行干扰。
11 What does the attendant do in the automated garage?
[A]【解析】录音中提到没有人来管理,但是会有一名服务人员在场收取现金,并向新用户解释这个系统。因此答案为 A。
【干扰项排除】①根据各选项的动词判断,问的应该是某人做什么事情。②B“维护自动化系统”、C“对任何紧急状况保持警惕”、D “在周围巡逻防止汽车盗窃”短文中未提及相关信息。
12 What does the company say about the parking rates?
【解析】录音中提到停车费用是一个月 400 美元或者每天 25 美元,由此判断如果是月付,平均每天的费用比单次的费用要便宜。也就是说,对于熟客(regular customers),有一定的优惠,故选 B。
【干扰项排除】①根据选项中的 vary,discountable, paid in cash, parking 等判断,问的应该是停车费用的问题。②A 中的“车辆大小”、C 中的“传统停车”在录音中没有提及。在谈到停车费时没有提到“现金付款”,D 是利用前面提到的 cash(服务人员来收现金)作干扰。
13 What is the problem of the victims about alcoholism according to the speaker?
[D]【解析】录音中提到酗酒受害者的一个问题就是:他会否认自己酗酒,并且不要别人帮助,故选 D 项。
【干扰项排除】①根据选项判断问的应该是某类人所面临的问题。②录音提到解决方案确实存在,A “他们不知道任何解决方案”与录音不符;录音提到半数的交通事故与因酗酒造成的疾病有关,但这与 B 项的“醉驾”不是一回事;C“他们在公共场合行为不端”录音没有提到。
14 Why did white settlers introduce alcohol to Indians?
[A]【解析】录音中提到白人移民鼓励印第安人喝酒,以防止他们反抗白人。选项中的 stop them from fighting back 是原文 prevent them from fighting back 的同义替换,因此答案为 A。
【干扰项排除】①选项都是动词不定式,推断应该是问做某事的目的。②B “感谢他们的殷勤款待”、C “教会他们欧洲生活方式”、D“减轻他们的痛苦”录音未提及。
15 What does the speaker seem to believe about those affected by alcoholism?
[B]【解析】录音最后提到,在适当的帮助下,酗酒受害人总有一天可以恢复到正常的生活,此处短语 put life together 意为“恢复正常生活,重新生活”。因此答案为 B。
【干扰项排除】①选项都与 they 的状况和未来有关。② 选项 A“如果不加以干预,他们会成为难题”、选项 C“他们积极响应医学治疗”录音没有提到;录音最后说的是酗酒问题在当今社会很明显,并没有说对社会稳定造成严重影响,排除 D 项。
Section C 参考答案
16 Why are leaders of both parties invited to the White House next week?
[B]【解析】说话人提到邀请两党领导人到白宫,最直接的原因是想要大家在一些只有彼此携手努力才能解决的问题上达成共识。B 项的 common views 是录音中 consensus 的同义替换,故答案为 B 项。
【干扰项排除】①选项均为不定式动词短语,推测题目可能问建议、计划、原因或目的。②邀请两党领导人不是为了嘉奖他们,而是为建立共识,A 项“嘉奖他们的辛勤劳动”属无中生有。录音说的是邀请商业、劳工和公民领袖前来,而不是 C 项的“引进商业项目”。说话人并非邀请两党领导人来投票,故排除 D 项。
17 What is the focus of the mentioned plan?
[B]【解析】录音中明确指出当前经济仍在大萧条中恢复,我们的首要任务是促进就业和经济增长,这是我们整个讨论计划的重点,B 项是该处录音的同义表达。
【干扰项排除】①选项都是动名词短语,预测题目询问行为或计划。②虽然录音有提到当前经济正在大萧条中恢复,但这只是计划的背景,故排除 A 项“从经济大萧条中复兴”。虽然录音中有提到奖励企业,但没说是奖励创新企业,而且这只是计划的内容之一,不是计划重点,故排除 C 项。D 属于无中生有,录音未提及开展经济活动。
18 What are the major decisions about?
[A]【解析】说话人提到我们面临一系列的最后期限,这要求我们在如何偿清赤字方面作出重大决定,A 项 paying off 是录音 pay down 的同义替换,故为正确答案。
【干扰项排除】①选项都是动名词短语,预测题目询问行为计划。②录音提到偿清赤字会给中产阶级带来巨大影响,因为需要向中产阶级征收更多的税,并非“增加中产阶级的人数”,故 B 项错误。C 项“控制对教育产生的影响”属于张冠李戴,录音中是说偿清赤字会对经济产生巨大影响,并非对教育。D 项“计划减少能耗”录音未提及。
19 What does combining spending cuts with revenue mean?
[D]【解析】说话人提到把削减开支与增加收入结合起来意味着向最富有的美国人征收更多的税,D 项中的 require 和 richest 是录音中 ask 和 wealthiest 的同义表达。
【干扰项排除】①选项中的 deficit, revenue, taxes 等关键词,提示问题与税收、收入相关。②录音提到 we can't just cut our way to prosperity,故排除 A 项。 B 项是利用录音中 serious about reducing the deficit 设置的干扰项,cautious 不等于 serious。C 项的“增加赤字”与录音中一直说的减少赤字相悖,故错误。
20 What are the points OpenTable offers users for?
【解析】录音提到积分可以叠加成餐费的折扣,有折扣即餐费可以减少,B 项“它们可以用来减少餐费” 属于该处录音的同义表达,为答案。
【干扰项排除】①四个选项的主语均为 They,听音时留意其指代什么。②录音没提到现金兑换和会员卡的细节,故 A 项“它们可以用来兑换成现金”和 C 项“它们可以作为会员卡使用”均可排除。D 项“它们可以用来预订”,录音说的是顾客通过 OpenTable 应用软件预订餐厅时可获得积分,而不是积分可以用来预订,故排除。
21 What do we learn about Epicurious?
[A]【解析】录音提到 Epicurious 是一个免费的应用程序和网络平台,即用户可以免费下载该应用程序, A 项的描述符合录音的表述,故为正确答案。
【干扰项排除】①四个选项的主语均为 It,听音时留意其指代什么。②录音提到 Epicurious 能让用户变成更好的厨师,但没有说可以成为专业的厨师,故排除 B 项。C 项“提供制作菜谱的建议”是用户,不是 Epicurious,故 C 项不对。Epicurious 不但根据菜谱的受欢迎程度,还会根据其他因素对菜谱进行排名,故排除 D 项。
22 How does Calorific help people get healthier?
[C]【解析】录音提到 Calorific 向用户提供图片展示“200 卡路里的不同食物的分量分别是多少”,目的是让用户根据不同食物的卡路里含量来控制饮食摄入量。C 项“通过描述每 200 卡路里的食物的重量”与录音相符,为答案。
【干扰项排除】①选项都是 by + doing...结构,推测题目可能问方式或做法。②Calorific 提供的是不同食物每 200 卡路里是多重的直观概念,不是 200 种食物的重量,A 项不对。录音只是提到另一个版本的 Calorific 能提供更多的价格信息,而非 B 项说的提供每 200 卡路里食物的价格。录音未提及 200 种健康的食物,故 D 项也不对。
23 What is the number of smokers in America?
[C]【解析】本题问美国烟民数量是多少。录音提到 18% 的美国成年人在吸烟,约 4000 万人,故选 C 项。
【干扰项排除】①选项出现了数字和 American adults、 population 等关键词,推测问题可能与某类人群的数量相关。②43%是之前的成年吸烟者比例,而非现在的比例,故 A 项错误。录音提到美国成年人当中 18%是烟民,并不是说占总人口的 18%是烟民,故 B 项错误。D 项“大约 50 万美国人”是每年死于吸烟的人数,不是烟民数,故排除。
24 What measures can be taken to make it harder to get cigarettes?
[B]【解析】录音提到必须考虑给香烟适当定价,以便香烟成为难以享用的商品。B 项是该处录音的同义表达,故为正确答案。
【干扰项排除】①选项均为不定式短语,推测题目可能问建议、计划、打算或目的。②录音并未提及对公共吸烟设禁令,A 项属于无中生有。虽然录音有提到在烟盒包装标上警示语,但这不能起到使香烟难以获得的作用,故排除 C 项。录音也没有关于减少香烟的产量和供应的描述,D 项属于无中生有。
25 What institution does the speaker most likely come from?
[A]【解析】录音提到“我们”正在紧密合作,卫生局局长办公室与食品药物监督局正在密切合作,由此可推断说话人很可能是卫生局局长办公室的人,故 A 项正确。
【干扰项排除】①四个选项都是机构名称,听音时留意它们的相关信息。②录音提到的食品药物监督局和烟草制品中心都是他们一起合作的对象,故排除 B 和 C 两项。Center for Disease Control and Prevention
虽然在录音中出现过,但没有明确的细节表明说话人来自那里,故排除 D 项。