1.开头

1.This graph/pie chart/table/bar chart reflects the (rate/percentage/proportion/number ...) of (对象) in(place/country) from ...to...

2.According to the figure, it is not spurring findings that there was/were 总体趋势的描述(the overall trend tended to indicate.../the general trend is.../其他)

2.结尾

1.In conclusion, the overall trend tended to illustrate ......during this XX year period

data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion that……这些数据资料令我们得出结论……

1.趋势相同描述

1.总体的趋势介绍+Thereafter,+分开介绍即可

The proportion/number of __ in the __ and __ are similar and follow the same trend. In __the figures were__% and __% respectively,rising to __% and __% respectively in __,after dipping to __% and __% respectively in __.

2.__月(年) 至__月(年)__的数量基本不变。

the number of__remained steady/stable from (month/year) to (month/year).

2.先(上升/下降)后(下降/上升)，之后便平稳

1.According to the data, the years from __ to __ saw/witness a rise/climb/drop in the number/rate/percentage/proportion of __ from __ to __，which was followed by a rapid decrease/reduce/increase over the __ years.

2.The number/rate__dropped/went up again from__in __year to__in __ year and then went up gradually until __year when there was a leveling off/leveling out at __ for __(一段时间)。

3.这个曲线图描述了__的趋势：this is a cure graph which describes the trend of__.

3.对波动的描述

1.如图所示，两条曲线描述了__的波动情况：as can be seen from the graph, the two curves show the fluctuation of__

2.__fluctuated dramatically between __% and __% during__period.

4.对峰值和低谷的描述

1.Also it can be noticed that in __ year ,the number/percentage __ reached the bottom .

However/on the contrary, __ year saw the peak during this period.

2.__(时间点) ，when the number/percentage reached(amounted to)to a peak of__ / a high point at __

3.__(时间点), when the number/percentage bottomed out (at__)

5.对未来的表述以及转换词

1.__is projected to__as to

2.__is expected to__ as for

3.__is forecasted to __ __ is estimated to...

1.从图中可以看出，__发生了巨大变化：

as can be seen from the diagram, great changes have taken place in__

2.从图表我们可以很清楚(明显)看到__和线型图写法一致，并且结合饼状图来写：

from the table/chart/diagram/figure, we can see clearly that__or it is clear/apparent from the chart that__

1.描述

1.It is clear that the most (adj.) __ is A, which accounts for __% of all__. B is the next largest(adj.)__,__% lower than A of all __ and followed closely by C. The above three items of __ take up about __% of the __%

2.ItBy contrast D E andF make up the smallest percentage of total __, which are __% __% and__%, respectively.

3.ItThe regions can be divided into two groups-one where __ and the other where the reverse is the case.

4.It该图为我们提供了有关__有趣数据：the graph provides some interesting data regarding__

2.比例，倍数

1.A quarter of__

2.Half of__

3.A majority of__

4.A has something in common with b

5.A shares some similarity with b

6.The difference between a and b lies in...

7.Double, triple, quadruple (v, n, adj)

8.原来的 2 倍-double ;原来的 3 倍-triple ;原来的 4 倍-quadruple

9.The value of the house has increased fourfold (=it is now worth four times as much as before).

10.__be twice as adj. as__

11.__more than__ times as adj. as__

3.比较，占据，百分数

1.Form, comprise, make up, occupy

2.Constitute, cover, represent, account for

3.Be shared by

4.In 1950, the urban population represented less than 13% of the total. It is now about 40% and is expected to reach 60% by 2030.

1. 找出最大值、最小值、平均值

2. 进行分析比较，找出近似值和相差很大的数值

1.该表格描述了在__到__年间__数量的变化：a is nearly /more than__times as much/many/large as b.(a 是 b 的__倍。) / the table shows the changes in the number of__over the period from__to__

2.与__相同：be the same as__

3. 表原因的句子

-effect :__ lead to / bring about / result in/ account for __ (一个句子 /shared the same tendency), therefore / thus / hence / as a result / consequently / (and) so __

-cause ：__be caused by / result from / be the result of / be the effect of / be the consequence of__(一个句子/shared the same tendency), because __

it is adj. that__

it is unimaginable that__

it is undeniable that__

it is interesting to discover that__

1.用 where 或者 in which 引导的定语从句

Chocolate is sent to the oven, where it is heated and turned into liquid.

2.使用 before 或者 after+分词的结构

Chocolate is sent to the oven, before being heated and turned into liquid.

3.使用 after which 引导的定语从句

Chocolate is sent to the oven at the first stage, after which it is heated and turned into liquid.

4.使用 until, once 引导的状语语从句

Chocolate is placed in the oven until it is heated and turned into liquid.

5.使用 and 连接两个步骤

Chocolate is heated in the oven and turned into liquid.

1.常用句式

d/situated/sited/built/constructed+地点

A wetland is located to the southeast of the lack.

2.地点+with+地点+方位

This region has large woodland with a farm to the south.

be 句型

There are two schools in the south-eastern corner of the area.

4.使用 while, but 和 and 连接的句子

A mountain is located to the north of the city, while there is a river to the south.

5.倒装句

To the south of the river was a library.

6.使用名词性从句：

it should be noted that it is worth noting that, it is noticeable that, we can see that, it is clear that, one significant change is that

It is noticeable that the library has a row of meeting rooms on the eastern side.

2.变化：

(1) 原有事物可说成:

The original/previous/former garden

(2) 原有事物尺寸上变大/变小:

The size of the library has been enlarged/extended/halved/reduced by half

(3) 原有事物在数量上增多或减少:

The number of homes has increased/risen/grown/reduced /decreased/dropped/fallen/ doubled/ tripled/ quadrupled to 500.

(4) 原有事物没了:

The farms completely disappeared/were removed.

(5) 原有事物被改为:

A becomes B

A is transformed/reconstructed/redeveloped/converted/changed/turned over to/ into B A is replaced /substituted by B = A gives way to B

A newly-built road

A new car park was built/established/set up/constructed/completed and opened in the middle of B

A new IT center has been added to the library

The year 2000 saw two additions to the land: a pond in the northern part and a vegetable garden on the opposite side.

3.时态

The number of homes in Town A is likely to double

(is likely to= is predicted to /is estimated to/is projected to/is expected to )

It is likely that the number of homes in Town A will double.

(it is likely that = it is predicted/estimated/projected/ expected that„.)

4.语态(用被动语态)

2000 年在城镇 A 新建了一个医院

A new hospital was established in Town A in 2000.

5.地图题的书写顺序: 时间顺序和空间顺序

1.A 在 B 的东方/西方/南方/北方：

A is/ lies/ is located/ is situated in/on/to the east/west/south/north of B

(in：A在B 内部， ON：A和B接壤，TO：A和B 分开)

2.A 在 B 内部的某个部位

A is in the eastern/ southern/ western/ northern part of B.

3.A在B 西北部的120 千米处

A lies 120 km to the northwest of B.

4.A在B__角落

A is at/in the south-eastern corner of B ( at ：A 在 B 外部;in ：A 在 B 内部)

5.在河流或道路的南边/北边等

On the south/southern side of the river

On both sides of the road

On the other side

6.临近马路的地区

The area adjacent to/ near /next to/ just off the road

7.在道路或河流的最南端

At the southern end of the river

8.A 在B 的对面

A is on the opposite side of B

A is opposite B

9.A 在B 东部的边界上(A 在B外部)

A is on the eastern border of B

10.A 在B 东部边缘上 (A 在B 内部)

A is on/ along the eastern edge of B