1. to do 结构题

ask sb. to do sth. 请（叫）某人做某事

tell sb. to do sth. 请（叫）某人做某事

help sb. (to) do sth. 协助做某事

want sb. to do sth. 想要做某事

wish sb. to do sth. 希望做某事

invite sb. to do sth. 约请某人做某事

drive sb. to do sth. 驱使某人做某事

expect sb. to do sth. 希冀某人做某事

forbid sb. to do sth. 制止某人做某事

force sb. to do sth. 强迫某人做某事

hope to do sth. 希望做某事

offer to do sth. 自动提出做某事

plan to do sth. 方案做某事

prepare to do sth. 预备做某事

pretend to do sth. 伪装做某事

promise to do sth. 容许做某事

refuse to do sth. 回绝做某事

fail to do sth. 未能做某事

happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事

need sb. to do sth. 需要某人做某事

need doing = need to be done. 某事需要被做

advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事

allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事

allow doing  sth. 允许某人做某事

2. -ing 结构

consider doing sth. 思索做某事

enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事

escape doing sth. 逃脱做某事

finish doing sth. 完成做某事

give up doing sth. 放弃做某事

imagine doing sth. 想象做某事

mind doing sth. 介意做某事

practice doing sth. 练习做某事

prevent doing sth. 阻止做某事

put off doing sth. 推延做某事

risk doing sth. 冒险做某事

forbid doing sth. 制止做某事

forgive doing sth. 原谅做某事

3. 既 +to 又 +ing

remember to do sth.  记住去做某事，表示这件事情还没有做

remember doing sth. 记得做过某事

forget to do sth. 忘记要去做某事。(未做)

forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事。(已做)

regret to do sth. 遗憾地（要）做某事 （还未做呢）

regret doing sth. 后悔做过某事(已经做过了）

try to do sth.  努力做谋事,尽力做某事，但不一定成功

try doing sth. 试图做谋事

stop  to  do 表示停止现在在做的事情，开始做另外一件事情

stop  doing 表示停止现在在做的事情

mean to do sth. 计划做某事

mean doing sth. 意味着做某事

can’t  help to do sth. 不能协助做某

can’t  help doing sth. 禁不住做某事

go on to do sth. 做了一件事后,接着做另一件事

go on doing sth. 继续做原来做的事

4. do 动词原形

let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事

make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事

make sth. done 使某事完成

have sb. do sth. 使某人做某事

have sth done 做完某事

see sb. do sth. 看见某人做某事

see sb. doing 看人某人正在做

hear sb. do sth. 听见某人做某事

hear sb. doing 听见某人正在做

listen to sb. do sth. 听着某人做某事

listen sb. doing sth 听着某人正在做

look at sb. do sth. 看着某人做某事

watch sb. do sth. 察看某人做某事

feel sb. do sth. 觉得某人做某事

5. 双宾语

give sb. sth = give sth to sb. 给某人某物

tell sb. sth = tell sth to sb. 告诉某人某事

borrow sth from sb. 向某人借某物

lend sth to sb. 借某物给某人

show sb. sth=show sth to sb. 向某人展示某物

6. be 动词结构

be at  home = stay at home 在家

be in trouble 有麻烦

be careful of 小心……

be late for 因……迟到

be free  空闲的，有空

be busy doing/with sth 忙于……

be covered with  被……复盖

be surprised (at) 对……感到惊讶

be interested in   对……感到举

be angry with 愤怒于

be friendly to 友好地去

be satisfied with 对……很满意

be famous for 因……而著名

be famous as 作为……而著名

be strict with 对……严格

be strict in 在……方面严格

be afraid of 害怕……

be afraid to do 害怕去做……