The maps show the campus layout now and a plan for development.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
The two maps show the current layout of a school and the plan for its changes. The most noticeable change is projected to be the replacement of many areas of vegetation with teaching buildings and public facilities.
At present, a large area of land at the northwest side of the campus is covered with trees. A cluster of many other trees can also be seen at the southwest corner. A rectangular teaching building can be seen in the centre of the map while other buildings and facilities are mainly located at the east. To be specific, three buildings, of which one is for biology and another two are for genetics, lie on the southeast side of the schoolyard; the car park is on the other side of the east.
In the future, much of the vegetation is expected to be cut down to make room for new buildings, such as a genetics building and a chemistry building in the northwest; and a triangular vegetation field will be changed into a new staff car park. Meanwhile, the original rectangular building close to the staff car park will be converted to an L-shaped one. What is more, the existing car park would be exclusively used for students and the biology building is likely to be rebuilt into a larger one.
①the most noticeable change is … 最明显的变化是……
②is projected to… 预计……
③at the northwest side of … 在……的西北边
④at the southwest corner: 在西南角落
⑤be mainly located at…: 集中坐落在……
⑥on the other side: 在另一边
⑦vegetation: n. 植被
⑧be converted to: v. 转变成
Some people say that governments should focus on reducing environmental pollution and housing problems to help people prevent illness and disease. To what extend do you agree or disagree?
Some people think government money spent on supporting artists (such as painters, musicians and poets) is better than that spent on other important things. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Some people think governments should protect local companies when they compete with international companies. Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?
Some people think it is not necessary for adults to receive education in class. Self-study is a good way for them to study more effectively. To what extent do you agree or disagree with it?
Universities and colleges are now offering qualifications through distance learning from the Internet rather than teachers in the classroom. Do you think the advantages of this development outweigh the disadvantages?
Some people think the university education function should prepare the students for employment, but others believe university education can offer many other functions .Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
Some people say that teaching the young generation foreign languages is the best way to broaden their visions about the world. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Some people think that students in single-sex schools perform better academically. Others, however, believe that mixed schools provide children with better social skills for adult life. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
In some countries, many children are unhappy. What are the reasons? What can parents and schools do to solve this problem?
Some people think reading stories in books is better than watching TV or playing computer games for children. To what extend do you agree or disagree?
Some people think that introducing some new technologies can improve people's life quality in the developing countries. However, others believe that free education should be offered. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
Anyone can use a mobile phone to answer the work call and home call at any place, or 7 days a week. Some people think this development has negative effects on both individuals and society. Do you agree or disagree?
Some people think sports games are important for society, while others believe they should more be taken as leisure activities. Discuss.
Some people think that robots are very important for humans' future development. Others, however, think that robots are a dangerous invention that could have negative effects on society. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
Nuclear energy is better than other energy resources in meeting ever-increasing needs of the globe. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Some people think that using mobile phones and computers has a negative effect on young people's reading and writing skills. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Computers enable people to be able to work at home and children to study at home. Some people believe that it is convenient and cost-saving. Do you think the phenomenon positive or negative?
Some people think that the government should ban dangerous sports, but others think that people should have the freedom to choose sports activities. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
Some people think that governments should do more to make their citizens eat a healthy diet. Others, however, believe that individuals must take responsibility for their own diet and health. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
The workplace nowadays is trying to employ the equal number of females and males. Do you think it is a positive or negative trend?
Countries with a long average working time are more economically successful than those countries which do not have a long working time. To what extent do you agree or disagree? //Some countries have a long working day, which is helpful for them to become economically successful, but it also causes some negative social problems. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Some people argue that it is better to be unemployed than to be employed in jobs they do not enjoy. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Many fathers today stay at home and take care of their children while mothers go out to work. What are the causes of this? Is this a positive or a negative development?
People are surrounded by many kinds of advertising which can influence their life. Does the positive effect of this trend outweigh negative effects?
Some people think that parents have a great influence on their children, others believe that the media is a bigger influence. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
Many people say that they believe it is important to protect the environment but make no effort to do anything about it themselves. Why do you think this is the case? What action do you think individuals should take to protect the environment?
Today, some food travels thousands of miles from farms to consumers. Some people think that it would be better to our environment and economy if people only eat local produced food. To what extent do the disadvantages outweigh the advantages?
Some people believe arts such as painting and music can not directly improve the quality of people's lives so that government money should be spent on other things. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Many people think cheap air travel should be encouraged because it gives ordinary people freedom to travel further. However, others think this leads to Environmental problem, so air travel should be more expensive in order to discourage people from having it. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
Air travel and telecommunication makes the communication all over the world closer. To what extent do you agree that the society benefits from international tourism and business?
Some people say that governments should spend money on measures to save languages that are used by few speakers, while others believe it's a waste of financial resources. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
Some people believe that young people who commit serious crimes should be punished in the same way as adults. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Some people believe the best way to upgrade social security is to allow people to own weapons like guns. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Some people think that criminals should not be imprisoned. Instead, education and job training should replace the former to deal with criminals. To what extent do you agree or disagree? To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Individual greed and selfishness has been the basis of the modern society. Some people think that we must return to the older and more traditional values of respect for the family and the local community in order to create a better world to live in. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Some people think individuals are more and more dependent on each other. Some people think individuals are more and more independent. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
题目：Some people think that robots are very important for humans' future development. Others, however, think that robots are a dangerous invention that could have negative effects on society. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
Thanks to the fast-developing modern technologies, advanced tools and machines that used to exist only in science fictions are coming into our daily lives. Robot, as a typical high-tech product, receives starkly contrasting opinions from the public. While some people expect positive outcomes from robots in the future, others express their worries over the implication of these developments on the society.
For those who take an optimistic view on robots, life in the future will become easier and more comfortable with robots doing domestic tasks or working in assembly lines. Given proper instructions and maintenance, machines will keep on functioning without mistakes, thus greatly promoting the efficiency, making more profits to factories and leaving a great deal of free time for humans to relax and enjoy themselves. Moreover, robots can be designed for special purposes such as exploring the deep sea, operating nuclear facilities or rescuing victims in earthquakes, all of which are undoubtedly dangerous tasks for humans. If one day these jobs can be handed to robots, much more wrenching but necessary sacrifices can be avoided.
However, some people express more concerns than enthusiasm with autonomous machines, for they may bring more disadvantages on society. Unemployment rate will obviously rise when robots replace human workers. Normally such jobless people can hardly compete with either machines in labor intensive areas or skillful programmers backed by science and technology. Therefore the gap between the rich and the poor will be exacerbated, eventually resulting in social instability.
As I am concerned, although there might be challenges and threats lying ahead, we should not deny the merits and opportunities inherent in the new technologies. The robot in itself has no inclination to be good or bad, but rather it is how we use it that finally counts. Measures and policies can be applied to mitigate the potential threats and as long as we strive for a better world, an embrace to the new is a must.
①starkly: adv. 截然相反的
②take a… view on: 用（某种方式）看待
③assembly line: （工厂生产用的）流水线
④wrenching: adj. 痛苦的
⑤exacerbate: v. 恶化，加剧
⑥labor intensive: 劳动密集型的
⑦inclination: n. 倾向
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