题目：The bar chart shows the percentage of people who can drive in 15 minutes to various services in UK. The chart compares the people living in urban areas and living in rural areas.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features，and make comparisons where relevant.
本次 Task1 是静态柱状图。关于城市人和乡村人分别在 15min 内开车到达的学校、邮局、医院等六个服务设施所占的比例比较。题目中由于没有给出时间范围，所以写作中可以用一般现在时。
The bar chart gives information about how many people residing in urban areas and rural areas of UK can get to six different services within a 15-minute drive.
It can be seen clearly that in rural areas, most of the key services such as post office, supermarket, and educational services including primary school and secondary school are not within a 15 minute drive time for all, while in urban areas, only primary school is not accessible after a 15 minutes’ drive.
The greatest difference observed in driving time between rural and urban areas is to the secondary school. To be specific, 60% of rural residents can reach their nearest secondary schools after a 15 minute drive or less, compared with 100% of people in urban areas of UK. As for the services like post office and supermarket, while 100% of urban residents have access to them in a 15-minute drive, only 80% of rural people do. Primary school is the only place that people living in neither rural nor urban areas are all likely to reach after a 15 minute drive; and the figures that indicate accessibility are 85% and 90% respectively.
①reside in: 居住于
②accessible: adj. 可到达的
③observe: v. 观察
④be likely to 可能
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题目：Some people believe that spending money on developing technology for space exploration is unjustifiable, there are more beneficial ways to spend money. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
The past several decades have seen extraordinary progress achieved in the field of space exploration. The Hubble opened our eyes to the universe; Armstrong stepped on the moon; the Mars probe Curiosity carried its mission to our neighbour planet, not to mention a number of scientists and astronauts working in the space station. Some people doubt whether money spent on those studies were really worthwhile, since there are more down-to earth areas in need of financial support. However, I do not think the two are mutually exclusive.
While it is reasonable to focus development on basic infrastructures and public services such as education and medical care, we should not confine ourselves to a comfort zone and stop exploring the outside world. Take resources as an example, the coal and oil are running out on earth, but scientists may find an alternative form of energy in the outer space. If there is a devastating catastrophe happening on earth in the future, people might migrate to other planets and keep our civilization. Such benefits of universe study are neither immediate nor direct, but they are crucial to our long-term survival.
Moreover, investment on technologies for space investigation can also be conducive to civil development. Looking much closer to home, the armada of satellites orbiting the Earth that beams information to telecommunication and navigation systems, broadcasts television programmes and monitors the weather is part of a global space network. Besides, some thermal insulating materials on the outer layer of spacecraft are now applied to ships and buildings to prevent fire. These are daily services which we take for granted, and are rarely considered as “space exploration”.
Therefore, we can come to the conclusion that the financial support on space project are by no means a waste of money. Although some other aspects also demands investment, the government should not stop allocating budgets on researches towards the universe.
①Mars probe: 火星探测器
②worthwhile: adj. 值得做的；划算的
③devastating: adj. 毁灭性的；破坏极大的
④armada: n. 大型舰队，机群等
⑤beam: v. 发射（电波）；播送
⑥thermal insulating materials: 隔热材料
⑦by no means: 绝不；一点也不
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