Section 1 & Section 2重点场景（生活类）：招聘面试，医疗健康，选课须知，旅行住宿，剧院环境介绍，公园导览，校园设施导览。
Section 3 & Section 4重点场景（学术类）：选课咨询，课程讨论，流程介绍，作业反馈，论文讨论，动物讲座，金融与商业，心理学。
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C
What has the patient just had?
A a tooth out
B his teeth cleaned
C an X-ray
1 On which day can the patient make an appointment?
2 The patient has to wait for an appointment because
A the surgery is dosed for a holiday.
B there are fewer dentists available.
C a dentist has cancelled some appointments.
3 The patient books an appointment at
Complete the notes below.
Write no more than two words or a number for each answer.
Cost of treatment
Extractions £ 90
X-ray (4) £ ______
We require (5) _____ hours notice of a cancellation, otherwise a fee of £10 is charged.
Cheques should be made payable to (6) ____
Complete the notes below.
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS for each answer
We cover up to £650 worth of treatment every (7)_____
Get big discounts on insurance cover for the whole (8) _____
You can pay (9) _____ and no interesting is charged.
Cover begins immediately your (10) _____ stars
Choose the correct letter. A, B, or C.
The main aim of the arts festival is to
A support creative industries.
B increase the number of spectators.
C get more people into the creative arts.
Choose TWO letters. A-E.
Which TWO things does the speaker say about doing something creative? A It is best to attend a workshop.
B It can remind you of your childhood C It can give joy to other people.
D You may be surprised how talented you are.
E You can become more interested in the world around you.
Which groups of people can do the following activities?
Write the letters A. B, C or 0 next to Questions 14-17.
A older people
B any interested people
C the unemployed
D creative people
14 Create your own Artwork
15 Walk for Creativity
16 Work with Children
17 Learn the Art of Story-telling
Complete the sentences below.
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS OR A NUMBER for each answer.
Sessions must be (18) _____ in advance
All workshops are free of charge and (19) _____ will be provided
The office is open from 9-5. Monday-Friday, and until (20) _____ on Saturdays.
Questions 21 to 30
What does Judy say about the following courses?
Write the correct letter, A, B or C next to Questions 21-23.
A She transferred from this course.
B She transferred to this course.
C Her transfer request was turned down for this course.
21 Fine Art
22 History of Art
Choose THREE letters, A-G.
Which THREE reasons does Graham give for wanting to transfer?
A The German course is too difficult.
B He does not like the people he is studying with.
C He has more interest in history.
D He plans to do a combined degree.
E It suits his career plans.
F He is not bothered that he will not spend a year abroad.
G His housemate has persuaded him to transfer.
Complete the sentences below.
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
Transferring to another course at the university
Step 1: Identify your reasons for wanting to transfer.
Step 2: Check that you satisfy the (27) _____ for the new course.
Step 3: Speak with the Carvers Service.
Step 4: Find out if there any (28) _____ implications.
Step 5: Speak to the Admissions Tutor in the department you want to transfer to.
Step 6: Complete a(n) (29) _____ form.
Please note: The form must also be signed by the
(30) _____ of your current course and the one you are transferring to.
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.
31 The symptoms of synaesthesia
A art the same for everyone with the condition.
B cannot be controlled.
C can be harmful
32 People who discover that they have synaesthesia
A often say they thought everyone experienced it.
B express negative feelings about their condition.
C wonder what it is like to be normal.
33 One research project looking at synaesthesia
A produced different results from other research.
B was able to estimate the proportion of people with the condition. C found that a small number of people saw different colours.
34 The condition means some people see numbers or letters
A as either red or blue.
B as days or months.
C as colours or in particular relative positions.
35 The way people experience colours
A will be exactly the same for everyone.
B can lead to disagreements.
C differs when a large number of experiments are carried out
34 When seeing certain words, people with word-taste synaesthesia
A will differ in the way they 'taste' a word.
B generally get a sweet taste in their mouth.
C have similar experiences.
37 What does the speaker say about synaesthesia?
A Infants may all have the condition.
B It is difficult to prove that the condition exists.
C The condition becomes more noticeable during childhood.
38 Family members with synaesthesia
A are not always closely related.
B may not have the same symptoms.
C make up forty per cent of the extended family.
37 People with synaesthesia
A are advised to take up a hobby or interest.
B are often talented artists.
C often take an interest in the arts.
40 What attitude do scientists have towards synaesthesia nowadays?
A It has little scientific worth.
B It may help them better understand how the brain functions.
C They need more proof that it exists.
9 monthly/every month
11C 16 A
12& 13 INANYORDER
20 12.30/ twelve thirty
24, 25 & 26 IN ANY ORDER
27 qualifications /entry requirements
29 internal transfer A 30 Head of Department
READING PASSAGE 1
You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-13, which are based on Reading Passage 1 below.
Geoff Brash, who died in 2010, was a gregarious Australian businessman and philanthropist who encouraged the young to reach their potential.
Born in Melbourne to Elsa and Alfred Brash, he was educated at Scotch College. His sister, Barbara, became a renowned artist and printmaker. His father, Alfred, ran the Brash retail music business that had been founded in 1862 by his grandfather, the German immigrant Marcus Brasch, specialising in pianos. It carried the slogan ‘A home is not a home without a piano.’
In his young days, Brash enjoyed the good life, playing golf and sailing, and spending some months travelling through Europe, having a leisurely holiday. He worked for a time at Myer department stores before joining the family business in 1949, where he quickly began to put his stamp on things. In one of his first management decisions, he diverged from his father’s sense of frugal aesthetics by re-carpeting the old man’s office while he was away. After initially complaining of his extravagance, his father grew to accept the change and gave his son increasing responsibility in the business.
After World War II (1939-1945), Brash’s had begun to focus on white goods, such as washing machines and refrigerators, as the consumer boom took hold. However, while his father was content with the business he had built, the younger Brash viewed expansion as vital. When Geoff Brash took over as managing director in 1957, the company had two stores, but after floating it on the stock exchange the following year, he expanded rapidly and opened suburban stores, as well as buying into familiar music industry names such as Allans, Palings and Suttons. Eventually, 170 stores traded across the continent under the Brash’s banner.
Geoff Brash learned from his father’s focus on customer service. Alfred Brash had also been a pioneer in introducing a share scheme for his staff, and his son retained and expanded the plan following the float.
Geoff Brash was optimistic and outward looking. As a result, he was a pioneer in both accessing and selling new technology, and developing overseas relationships. He sourced and sold electric guitars, organs, and a range of other modern instruments, as well as state-of-the-art audio and video equipment. He developed a relationship with Taro Kakehashi, the founder of Japan’s Roland group, which led to a joint venture that brought electronic musical devices to Australia.
In 1965, Brash and his wife attended a trade fair in Guangzhou, the first of its kind in China; they were one of the first Western business people allowed into the country following Mao Zedong’s Cultural Revolution. He returned there many times, helping advise the Chinese in establishing a high quality piano factory in Beijing; he became the factory’s agent in Australia. Brash also took leading jazz musicians Don Burrows and James Morrison to China, on a trip that reintroduced jazz to many Chinese musicians.
He stood down as Executive Chairman of Brash’s in 1988, but under the new management debt became a problem, and in 1994 the banks called in administrators. The company was sold to Singaporean interests and continued to trade until 1998, when it again went into administration. The Brash name then disappeared from the retail world. Brash was greatly disappointed by the collapse and the eventual disappearance of the company he had run for so long. But it was not long before he invested in a restructured Allan’s music business.
Brash was a committed philanthropist who, in the mid-1980s, established the Brash Foundation, which eventually morphed, with other partners, into the Soundhouse Music Alliance. This was a not-for-profit organisation overseeing and promoting multimedia music making and education for teachers and students. The Soundhouse offers teachers and young people the opportunity to get exposure to the latest music technology, and to use this to compose and record their own music, either alone or in collaboration. The organisation has now also established branches in New Zealand, South Africa and Ireland, as well as numerous sites around Australia.
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1?
TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this
1 The Brash business originally sold pianos.
2 Geoff Brash’s first job was with his grandfather’s company.
3 Alfred Brash thought that his son wasted money.
4 By the time Geoff Brash took control, the Brash business was selling some electrical products.
5 Geoff Brash had ambitions to open Brash stores in other countries.
Answer the questions below.
Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer.
6 Which arrangement did Alfred Brash set up for his employees?
7 Which Japanese company did Geoff Brash collaborate with?
8 What type of event in China marked the beginning of Geoff Brash’s relationship with that country?
9 What style of music did Geoff Brash help to promote in China?
10 When did the Brash company finally stop doing business?
Complete the notes below.
Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.
Soundhouse Music Alliance
• Grew out of the Brash Foundation.
• A non-commercial organisation providing support for music and music 11 ...................
• Allows opportunities for using up-to-date 12...................
• Has 13..................in several countries.
READING PASSAGE 2
You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 14-26, which are based on Reading Passage 2 below.
Reading Passage 2 has SIX paragraphs, A-F.
Choose the correct heading, A-F, from the list of headings below. Write the correct number, i-ix.
List of Headings
i A mixture of languages and nationalities
ii The creation of an exclusive identity
iii The duties involved in various occupations
iv An unprecedented population density
V Imports and exports transported by river
vi Transporting heavy loads manually
vii Temporary work for large numbers of people
viii Hazards associated with riverside work
ix The changing status of riverside occupations
14 Paragraph A
15 Paragraph B
16 Paragraph C
17 Paragraph D
18 Paragraph E
19 Paragraph F
Early occupations around the river Thames
A In her pioneering survey, Sources of London English, Laura Wright has listed the variety of medieval workers who took their livings from the river Thames. The baillies of Queenhithe and Billingsgate acted as customs officers. There were conservators, who were responsible for maintaining the embankments and the weirs, and there were the garthmen who worked in the fish garths (enclosures). Then there were galleymen and lightermen and shoutmen, called after the names of their boats, and there were hookers who were named after the manner in which they caught their fish. The searcher patrolled the Thames in search of illegal fish weirs, and the tideman worked on its banks and foreshores whenever the tide permitted him to do so.
B All of these occupations persisted for many centuries, as did those jobs that depended upon the trade of the river. Yet, it was not easy work for any of the workers. They carried most goods upon their backs, since the rough surfaces of the quays and nearby streets were not suitable for wagons or large carts; the merchandise characteristically arrived in barrels which could be rolled from the ship along each quay. If the burden was too great to be carried by a single man, then the goods were slung on poles resting on the shoulders of two men. It was a slow and expensive method of business.
C However, up to the eighteenth century, river work was seen in a generally favourable light. For Langland, writing in the fourteenth century, the labourers working on river merchandise were relatively prosperous. And the porters of the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries were, if anything, aristocrats of labour, enjoying high status. However, in the years from the late eighteenth to the early nineteenth century, there was a marked change in attitude. This was in part because the working river was within the region of the East End of London, which in this period acquired an unenviable reputation. By now, dockside labour was considered to be the most disreputable, and certainly the least desirable form of work.
D It could be said that the first industrial community in England grew up around the Thames. With the host of river workers themselves, as well as the vast assembly of ancillary trades such as tavern-keepers and laundresses, food-sellers and street-hawkers, shopkeepers and marine store dealers - there was a workforce of many thousands congregated in a relatively small area. There were more varieties of business to be observed by the riverside than in any other part of the city. As a result, with the possible exception of the area known as Seven Dials, the East End was also the most intensively inhabited region of London.
E It was a world apart, with its own language and its own laws. From the sailors in the opium dens of Limehouse to the smugglers on the malarial flats of the estuary, the workers of the river were not part of any civilised society. The alien world of the river had entered them. That alienation was also expressed in the slang of the docks, which essentially amounted to backslang, or the reversal of ordinary words. This backslang also helped in the formulation of Cockney rhyming slang, so that the vocabulary of Londoners was directly affected by the life of the Thames.
F The reports in the nineteenth-century press reveal a heterogeneous world of dock labour, in which the crowds of casuals waiting for work at the dock gates at 7.45 a.m. include penniless refugees, bankrupts, old soldiers, broken-down gentlemen, discharged servants, and ex-convicts. There were some 400-500 permanent workers who earned a regular wage and who were considered to be the patricians of dockside labour. However, there were some 2,500 casual workers who were hired by the shift. The work for which they competed fiercely had become ever more unpleasant. Steam power could not be used for the cranes, for example, because of the danger of fire. So the cranes were powered by treadmills. Six to eight men entered a wooden cylinder and, laying hold of ropes, would tread the wheel round. They could lift nearly 20 tonnes to an average height of 27 feet (8.2 metres), forty times in an hour. This was part of the life of the river unknown to those who were intent upon its more picturesque aspects.
Choose TWO letters, A-E.
Write the correct letters.
Which TWO statements are made about work by the River Thames before the eighteenth century?
A Goods were transported from the river by cart.
B The workforce was very poorly paid.
C Occupations were specialised.
D Workers were generally looked down upon.
E Physical strength was required.
Choose TWO letters, A-E.
Write the correct letters.
Which TWO statements are made about life by the River Thames in the early nineteenth century?
A The area was very crowded.
B There was an absence of crime.
C Casual work was in great demand.
D Several different languages were in use.
E Inhabitants were known for their friendliness.
Complete the sentences below.
Use NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.
24 In the nineteenth century, only a minority of dock workers received a...................
25 Cranes were operated manually because..................created a risk of fire.
26 Observers who were unfamiliar with London’s docks found the River Thames...................
READING PASSAGE 3
You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 27-40, which are based on Reading Passage 3 below.
Video game research
Although video games were first developed for adults, they are no longer exclusively reserved for the grown-ups in the home. In 2006, Rideout and Hamel reported that as many as 29 percent of preschool children (children between two and six years old) in the United States had played console video games, and 18 percent had played hand-held ones. Given young children’s insatiable eagerness to learn, coupled with the fact that they are clearly surrounded by these media, we predict that preschoolers will both continue and increasingly begin to adopt video games for personal enjoyment. Although the majority of gaming equipment is still designed for a much older target audience, once a game system enters the household it is potentially available for all family members, including the youngest. Portable systems have done a particularly good job of penetrating the younger market.
Research in the video game market is typically done at two stages: some time close to the end of the product cycle, in order to get feedback from consumers, so that a marketing strategy can be developed; and at the very end of the product cycle to ‘fix bugs’ in the game. While both of those types of research are important, and may be appropriate for dealing with adult consumers, neither of them aids in designing better games, especially when it comes to designing for an audience that may have particular needs, such as preschoolers or senior citizens. Instead, exploratory and formative research has to be undertaken in order to truly understand those audiences, their abilities, their perspective, and their needs. In the spring of 2007, our preschool-game production team at Nickelodeon had a hunch that the Nintendo DS* - with its new features, such as the microphone, small size and portability, and its relatively low price point -was a ripe gaming platform for preschoolers. There were a few games on the market at the time which had characters that appealed to the younger set, but our game producers did not think that the game mechanics or design were appropriate for preschoolers. What exactly preschoolers could do with the system, however, was a bit of a mystery. So we set about doing a study to answer the query: What could we expect preschoolers to be capable of in the context of hand-held game play, and how might the child development literature inform us as we proceeded with the creation of a new outlet for this age group?
Our context in this case was the United States, although the games that resulted were also released in other regions, due to the broad international reach of the characters. In order to design the best possible DS product for a preschool audience we were fully committed to the ideals of a ‘user-centered approach’, which assumes that users will be at least considered, but ideally consulted during the development process. After all, when it comes to introducing a new interactive product to the child market, and particularly such a young age group within it, we believe it is crucial to assess the range of physical and cognitive abilities associated with their specific developmental stage.
Revelle and Medoff (2002) review some of the basic reasons why home entertainment systems, computers, and other electronic gaming devices, are often difficult for preschoolers to use. In addition to their still developing motor skills (which make manipulating a controller with small buttons difficult), many of the major stumbling blocks are cognitive. Though preschoolers are learning to think symbolically, and understand that pictures can stand for real-life objects, the vast majority are still unable to read and write. Thus, using text-based menu selections is not viable. Mapping is yet another obstacle since preschoolers may be unable to understand that there is a direct link between how the controller is used and the activities that appear before them on screen. Though this aspect is changing, in traditional mapping systems real life movements do not usually translate into game-based activity.
Over the course of our study, we gained many insights into how preschoolers interact with various platforms, including the DS. For instance, all instructions for preschoolers need to be in voiceover, and include visual representations, and this has been one of the most difficult areas for us to negotiate with respect to game design on the DS. Because the game cartridges have very limited memory capacity, particularly in comparison to console or computer games, the ability to capture large amounts of voiceover data via sound files or visual representations of instructions becomes limited. Text instructions take up minimal memory, so they are preferable from a technological perspective. Figuring out ways to maximise sound and graphics files, while retaining the clear visual and verbal cues that we know are critical for our youngest players, is a constant give and take. Another of our findings indicated that preschoolers may use either a stylus, or their fingers, or both although they are not very accurate with either. One of the very interesting aspects of the DS is that the interface, which is designed to respond to stylus interactions, can also effectively be used with the tip of the finger. This is particularly noteworthy in the context of preschoolers for two reasons. Firstly, as they have trouble with fine motor skills and their hand-eye coordination is still in development, they are less exact with their stylus movements; and secondly, their fingers are so small that they mimic the stylus very effectively, and therefore by using their fingers they can often be more accurate in their game interactions.
Do the following statements agree with the claims of the writer in Reading Passage 3?
YES if the statement agrees with the claims of the writer
NO if the statement contradicts the claims of the writer
NOT GIVEN if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this
27 Video game use amongst preschool children is higher in the US than in other countries.
28 The proportion of preschool children using video games is likely to rise.
29 Parents in the US who own gaming equipment generally allow their children to play with it.
30 The type of research which manufacturers usually do is aimed at improving game design.
31 Both old and young games consumers require research which is specifically targeted.
Complete the summary using the list of words/phrases, A-l, below.
Problems for preschool users of video games
Preschool children find many electronic games difficult, because neither their motor skills nor their 32..................are sufficiently developed.
Certain types of control are hard for these children to manipulate: for example, 33..................can be more effective than styluses. Also, although they already have the ability to relate 34..................to real-world objects, preschool children are largely unable to understand the connection between their own 35..................and the movements they can see on the screen. Finally, very few preschool children can understand 36...................
A actions B buttons C cognitive skills D concentration E fingers F pictures
G sounds H spoken instructions I written menus
Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.
37 In 2007, what conclusion did games producers at Nickelodeon come to?
A The preschool market was unlikely to be sufficiently profitable.
B One of their hardware products would probably be suitable for preschoolers.
C Games produced by rival companies were completely inappropriate for preschoolers.
D They should put their ideas for new games for preschoolers into practice.
38 The study carried out by Nickelodeon
A was based on children living in various parts of the world.
B focused on the kinds of game content which interests preschoolers.
C investigated the specific characteristics of the target market.
D led to products which appealed mainly to the US consumers.
39 Which problem do the writers highlight concerning games instructions for young children?
A Spoken instructions take up a lot of the available memory.
B Written instructions have to be expressed very simply.
C The children do not follow instructions consistently.
D The video images distract attention from the instructions.
40 Which is the best title for Reading Passage 3?
A An overview of video games software for the preschool market
B Researching and designing video games for preschool children
C The effects of video games on the behaviour of young children
D Assessing the impact of video games on educational achievement
5. NOT GIVEN
6. (a) share scheme
7. Roland/Roland group/the Roland group
8. (a) trade fair
24. regular wage
25. steam power
27. NOT GIVEN
29. NOT GIVEN
题目：The charts below show information about players of electronic games in South Korea in 2003. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. Write at least 150 words.
The three pie charts indicate the age and gender disparities of electronic game players in South Korea in 2003, as well as the popularity of several best-selling game types during that time. Generally speaking, South Korean players were mainly composed of males under 35 years old and the action game was the most welcomed.
To be more specific, in South Korea, 38% players were under 18, almost the same proportion as those aged between 18 and 35 who took up the largest ratio by 39%, while less than a quarter of players were over 35, roughly 23%. A more significant difference was gender distribution: 72% players were males, which was nearly three times the population of their female counterparts.
In regard to the players’ favourite games, the ones related to action undoubtedly ranked the first with a proportion of 43%, followed by sports and racing games, taking up 20% and 17% respectively. Educational and role playing games saw the same distribution of 7% and other types of games accounted for the rest of 6%.
①disparity: n. 区别，差异
②gender distributions: 性别分布
③counterpart: n. 同伴；对应物
④undoubtedly: adv. 毫无疑问地
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Nowadays，full-time university students tend to focus on their studying. Some people think it is essential for university students to be involved in other activities. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Computers are widely used in education, and some people think teachers do not play an important role in the classroom. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
As scientists contribute more to the development of our society than other people do, science students should get more financial support from the government than other students. Do you agree or disagree?
Children find it difficult to concentrate on or pay attention to school. What are the reasons? How can we solve this problem?
Some people think that in order to continue improving the quality of high school education, students should be encouraged to evaluate and criticize their teachers, while others assume this could result in the loss of respect and dignity for teachers. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
Some people think that all young people should be required to have full-time education until they are at least 18 years old. To what extent do you agree or disagree？
Old generations often hold some traditional ideas on the correct way of life, thinking and behavior. However, some people think that it is not helpful for the young generations to prepare for modern life in the future. What's your opinion?
With the development of many countries, people start to live individually and live in very small family units. What are the causes? What effects does it have on society?
Many people believe that scientific research should be carried out and controlled by the government rather than private companies. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
The government has the duty to ensure that its citizens have a healthy diet, while others believe this is individuals' responsibility. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
With the increasing demand for energy sources of oil and gas, people should look for sources of oil and gas in remote and untouched places. Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages of damaging such areas?
Some people think that instead of preventing climate change, we need to find a way to live with it. Do you agree or disagree?
Some people say the best way to solve the environmental problem is to raise the price of fuel, to what extent do you agree or disagree？
Environmental problems are too big for individual countries and individual people to address. We have reached the stage where the only way to protect the environment is to address it at an international level. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
Nuclear energy is a better sources of energy to meet the increasing demand of energy. Do you agree or disagree?
Today prison is the most common solution for crime. But some people think that it would be a more effective way to provide them with better education to prevent them from becoming criminals. Do you agree or disagree?
Some people believe that young people who commit serious crimes should be punished in the same way as adults. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Many people are afraid to leave their homes because of their fear of crime. Some believe that more action should be taken to prevent crime, but others feel that little can be done. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
The increase in food production owes much to fertilizers and better machinery, but some people think that it has a negative impact on human health and community. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
In the past, people store knowledge in the books. Nowadays, people store knowledge on the Internet. Do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?
Some people think it’s necessary to use animals for testing medicines intended for human use. Others, however, think it’s not right to do that. Discuss both views and give you own opinion.
Some people think that robots are very important for humans' future development. Others, however, think that robots are a dangerous invention that could have negative effects on society. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
Some people think that the increasing use of computers and mobile phones for communication has had a negative effect on young people's reading and writing skills. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
In some countries it is illegal for companies to reject job applicants for their age. Is this positive or negative to the development?
Countries with a long average working time are more economically successful than those countries which do not have a long working time. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
In many countries television shows many foreign-made programmers. The dominance of imported entertainment is harmful to the cultures of these countries. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Research shows that overeating can be just as harmful as smoking. Thus, the advertising of certain food products should be banned, as cigarette is banned in many countries. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Tourism is a multibillion-dollar industry that supports economic development. However some people think that it causes too much damage to the local environment and culture. Do you agree or disagree?
Foreign tourists abroad should be charged more than local people when visiting the local historical and cultural tourist attractions. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Some people believe famous people's support towards international aid organizations draws the attention to problems, while others think celebrities make the problems less important. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
Some people prefer to provide help and support directly to those who need it in their local community. Others, however, prefer to give money to national and international charitable organizations. Discuss both sides and give your own opinion.
题目：In the past, people store knowledge in the books. Nowadays, people store knowledge on the Internet. Do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?
Nowadays, the Internet is changing every aspect of people's lives, and it is argued that the Internet is superior to the traditional printed books in regard to learning knowledge. I agree with this proposal.
It is admitted that since the Internet is open to everyone, there is so much information uploaded to the Internet without the supervision of related departments. Some people, especially the children, may be misled by objectionable content. By contrast, the knowledge in the books is protected by copyright law and seems to be more reliable. However, there still exist more merits if knowledge is stored via the Internet.
One obvious benefit is that a large amount of information can be stored on the network, which is space-saving and readily accessible, whereas in the past, people had to build a number of libraries and print millions of books. The functions of mass storage and ready availability are what printed books can never achieve. For example, in recent years, the Internet makes it possible for people to have quick and easy access to numerous e-books by putting them in e-book readers like an iPad or a kindle.
In addition, unlike the printed books that involve a variety of materials from which paper is made, the use of the Internet helps cut down on production of lumber, ink and paper, which is more eco-friendly. If knowledge were not stored on the Internet, large areas of forests would be cut down to produce paper.
In conclusion, the benefits clearly outweigh the potential problem mentioned above because as long as there is supervision, it will not be a problem anymore. And I am convinced that sound supervision is on the way.
①is superior to: 优于
②upload: v. 上传
③readily accessible: 容易获取的
④cut down on: 削减
⑤supervision: n. 监督，管理
沪江网校雅思教研老师，英国杜伦大学毕业；英文专业8级；高中英语教师资格证书等，主攻雅思托福等留学考试。参与沪江网校World English A2和 B1、新版雅思6.5分写作、新版雅思7分写作等课程的设计规划与制作。
How often do you wear a watch?
Well, I used to wear a watch every day when I was at college, but I don’t do that any longer as I depend on my smartphone to keep track of time.
What was your first watch like?
I still remember I got my first watch from my father for my 10th birthday, and it was like a plastic one with a brown strap.
What kinds of watches do you like to wear?
I personally like to wear mechanical watches. Some may think they usually look too heavy but I find them quite fashionable and cool.
Do young people still wear watches in your country?
Well, I think most of young people nowadays keep track of their time by looking at their smartphones as they may think it is a bit troublesome to wear watches.
Part 2 & 3
Describe your favorite news source.
You should say:
What it is
How often do you use this source
Why do you use this source
What other sources do you use
And explain how you would change that news source if you could
此话题属于“物品”类话题， 所要描述的是一个虚拟的东西：“新闻来源”；另外，我们可能使用的主要时态是“Past Tense”，“Present Tense” 和 “Present Perfect Tense”；接着，我们预览一下前四个“basic information”，然后思考一下：我们是否需要交代用这个“来源”主要都做些什么， 然后进一步说明我们使用它的频率等等； 另外， 在提及使用其他“新闻来源”获取信息的同时， 可以适当作对比， 比如便捷性方面或者经济成本方面等等。
到最后的部分， 我们需要进一步解释说明如何改变这种“新闻来源”， 需要我们思考的是： 这个来源的弊端，做什么， 怎么做可以优化它。
Well, there are some major news sources people rely on to get news and information such as newspaper, magazines, radio and internet, but my favorite one is definitely internet.
I am now a university student but unfortunately my school doesn't provide us with any internet access so the only time I could use internet is when I go home to use my laptop on weekends. That is to say, I can only use it once or twice a week. However, I could easily surf the internet using my smartphone when I am at school.
You know, when I am on campus, I sometimes use some other news sources like reading newspaper and magazines or listening to the radio, but I try to avoid using them as they not only cost me money, but also they are rather troublesome to keep.
Although internet has brought us numerous benefits in our studies and life, there are still two main changes I would like to make if I could. No. one, I wish there wouldn't be too much nasty information on the internet such as fake news, too many ads, violent films as well as pornography. No. two, it is also my wish that internet can be made more accessible to elder people and those living in rural areas.
①numerous： 形容词；很多的 大量的
Eg：As his overall score is band-8 in IELTS, there will be numerous universities for him to choose from.
②nasty: 形容词； 令人不愉快的 不快的
Eg：Despite those nasty experiences he has gone through, he still remains kind and nice to the people around him.
③pornography: 名词； 色情
Eg: Many parents set limits for their kids on the use of computers because they worry about the negative impact brought by the pornography on internet.
④accessible： 形容词；可以获得的 可接近的
Eg：As the local government keeps attaching more and more importance to online education, internet has become increasingly accessible to households.
What groups of people prefer to read newspapers or magazines in your country?
Well, from my own perspective, I think elder people tend to read newspapers for information because they are not good at using smartphones.
As for magazines, I think it is young people who normally read them more as they can find almost everything about fashion there.
① perspective： 名词；观点 立场
Eg：From his perspective, it is not a great idea to make such an arrangement.
② tend to : 动词短语；倾向
Eg: He tends to believe in what Mary told him as he always regards her as a reliable friend.
Why do people rely on internet so much?
Well, I think that is because Internet has been playing an essential role both in our life and work. I mean, we use it for almost everything such as to check emails at work, to check weather report before we travel, and to stay connected with friends as well as families.
①essential： 形容词；重要的 必要的
Eg：Local government has been conducting a number of surveys to make a policy which is aimed to protect the legal right of taxi drivers.
②overall : 形容词/副词；整体的 总体的
Eg：His parents are pretty satisfied with his the overall performance although he still failed one subject this semester.
How can a company better promote their image and their products?
Well, for a company to promote their image and products, they can adopt a variety of approaches such as putting ads on TV, on the internet, on newspaper, on magazines or even on the radio.
However, I think the most effective and efficient way is probably through the internet as nowadays each household has access to the internet, which means the information can be spread in the fastest manner.
①promote： 动词；促进 提升
Eg：Singers attend various public events to promote their latest music.
②adopt: 动词； 采纳 采取 收养
Eg：With a number of new approaches adopted, the local authority hopes they can help solve the current problems fundamentally.
Where can you see the most advertisements in your city?
Well, I believe the internet must be a place where we see the most ads as it has the magic to reach the majority of potential customers in the fastest way with a much lower cost, so that is to say, companies just simply spend less money and probably less time as well, but they receive amazing outcomes.
Eg：The majority of visitors to this theme park are children aged from 8 to 12.
②outcome: 名词；结果 后果
Eg：After all these years of hard work, the outcome is rather unexpected to Peter and his team.