Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on e-learning. Tryto imagine what will happen when more and more study online instead of attending school. You are required to write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.


      With the rapid development of science and technology in modem times, an increasing number of people prefer studying online to attending school. What will happen if e-learning prevails and even replaces classroom learning?
For one thing, more people can access high-quality courses globally, such as Harvard free online courses. Therefore, even rural people will also get access to abundant and updated knowledge. For another, people can decide when and where they take the online courses much more freely. Thus they will no longer be bothered by problems like transportation and accommodation. As a result, learning cost will be so largely decreased that people can afford to apply for more courses they are interested in.
      However, for people who have bad self-discipline and learning habits, it is difficult to commit themselves to study. They will fall behind and actually learn little since nobody supervises them. What's worse, e-learning can't offer human interaction in real life. It is due to the lack of face-to-face interaction with teachers and classmates that people will feel isolated and gradually lose basic social skills.
     To sum up, that more people turn to e-learning will have both advantages and disadvantages. In my opinion, e-learning should be seen as a complement but not a replacement of traditional classes.
1. 第三句句子比较长,可将前半句“中国的大学……”处理为句子主干,而后半句“这些研究覆盖……高科技领域”处理为状语,用分词短语 covering various high-tech fields 表达,其中“从大数据到生物化学、从新能源到机器人等”这一部分可用 such as...来表达。
2. 第四句可将前半句处理为句子主干,后半句“使……商业化”处理为目的状语,用不定式结构 to do 表达,译为 to commercialize their innovations 。
3. 最后一句中“创新的先锋”,可用介词短语 pioneers in innovation 表示;“以适应国内外消费市场不断变化和增长的需求”中“国内外消费市场”可处理为“需求”的定语,用介词短语 of both domestic and foreign consumer markets 表达;“不断变化和增长的需求”可译为 the changing and growing demands。
     China's innovation is flourishing faster than ever before. In order to catch up with the developed countries in science and technology as soon as possible, China has substantially increased research and development funds in recent years. Universities and research institutes in China are actively carrying out innovative researches, covering various high-tech fields such as big data, biochemistry, new energy, robots. They are also cooperating with science and technology parks in different places to commercialize their innovations. Meanwhile, whether in products or business models, Chinese entrepreneurs are also striving to be pioneers in innovation to satisfy the changing and growing demands of both domestic and foreign consumer markets.