开头:The idea of taxing things that are bad for society...

26-30 AEJNG 31-35 MBLHO

26. A) discouraging

27. E) impaired

28. J) instrumental

29. N) pump

30. G) incentives

31. M) probably

32. B) dividend

33. L) predict

34. H) inherently

35. O) swelling



Virtually every activity that entails or facilitates...

26.C. cumulative

27.I. scale

28.F. foreseeable

29.J. strangle

30.G. predictions

31.D. disruptions

32.B. credited

33.A. credential

34.M. survive

35.E. federal


Social distancing is putting people out of work,…

26.C. driven

27.O. vulnerable

28.H. random

29.N. unique

30.L. thriftier

31.K. temptations

32.A. amazing

33.D. engaged





The Challenges for Artificial Intelligence in Agriculture

36. Farmers will not profit from replanting once they have applied most of the fertilizer and other chemicals to their fields.

37. Agriculture differs from the medical science of the human body in that its environment is not a contained one.

38. The agronomist is sure that he will obtain a near accurate count of plant with his software.

39. The application of artificial intelligence to agriculture is much more challenging than to most other industries.

40. Even the farmers know the data provided by the UAV is not correct.

41. The pressure for quick results leads to product failure, which, in turn, arouses doubts about the applicability of AI technology to agriculture.

42. Remote sensors are aimed to help farmers improve decision-making to increase yields.

43. The farmer expect the software to tell him whether he will have to replant any parts of his farm fields.

44. Agriculture proves very difficult to quantify because of the constantly changing conditions involved.

45. The same seed and fertilizer program may yield completely different outcomes in different places.



Why lifelong learning is the international passport to success?

36. [H] Those projects are then interwoven with past-paced technical modules (模块) learned ‘on -the-fly’ and ‘at will’ depending on the nature of the project.

37. [E] The Bachelor’s degree could be your passport to life-long learning.

38. [B] Why? Because universities and curricula are designed along the three unities of French classical tragedy: time, action, and place.

39. [K] Sound like science fiction?

40. [1] In addition to technical capabilities, the very nature of projects develops social and entrepreneurial skills, such as design thinking,initiative taking,team leading, activity reporting or resource planning.

41. [C] The university model needs to evolve.

42. [J] After the MSc diploma is earned, there would be many more stamps of lifelong learning over the years.

43. [N] Even if time were not an issue, who will pay for life-long learning?

44. [F] Recent advances in computational methods and data science push us into rethinking science and engineering.

45. [M] This could fix the main organisational challenges for the university, but not for the learners,due to lack of time, family obligations or funds.



Slow Hope

36.[E] Some of today’s narratives about the future seem to suggest that we too.like Prometheus,will be saved by a new Hercules.a divine engineer someone who will master- mind.manoeuvre and manipulate our planet.

37.[I] We need an acknowledgement of our present ecological plight but also a language of positive change,visions of a better future.

38.[C] Today we can no longer ignore the ecological curses that we have released in our search for warmth and comfort.

39.[K] The unscrupulous (无所顾忌的)commodification of food and the destruction of foodstuffs will continue to  devastate soils,livelihoods and ecologies.

40.[D] Acceleration is the signature of our time.

41.[G] This much is clear:we need to find ways that help us flatten the hockey-stick curves that reflect our ever-faster pace of ecological destruction and social acceleration.

42.[A] Our world is full of -mostly untold-stories of slow hope,driven by the idea that change is possible.

43.[ F ]Yet, if we envisage our salvation to come from a deusex machina(解围之种),from a divine engineer or a tech solutionist who will miraculously conjure up a new source of energy or another cure-all with revolutionary potency, we might be looking in the wrong place.

44.[ I ]W need an acknowledgement of our present ecological plight but also a language of positive change, visions of a better future.

45.  [B] At the beginning of time-so goes the myth-humans suffered, shivering in the cold and dark until the titan(巨人)Prometheus stole fire from the gods.


passage one

46.B) People's reluctance to be compelled to eat plant-based food.

47.A) Radically change their dietary habits.

48.B) Many people simply do not have access to foods they prefer

49.D) It may worsen the nourishment problem in low income countries.

50.A) It accepts them at the expense of the long-term interests of its people.

passage two

51.C) They constantly dismiss others’ proposals while taking no responsibility for tacklingthe problem.

52.D A distinction should be drawn between responsibility and fault

53.A Stop them from going further by agreeing with them.

54.B) They are prompted to come up with ideas for making possible changes.

55.C Assuming responsibility to free oneself



Passage one

46.B. The near impossibility of appreciating art in an age of mass tourism.

47. A. It takes time to appreciate a piece of art fully.

48. C. Good management is key to handling large crowds of visitors.

49. B. It is possible to combine entertainment with appreciation of serious art.

50. C. Help us to see the world from a different perspectives.

passage two

51. D) It takes no notice of the potential impact on the environment.

52. D) It can raise students’ environmental awareness through its programs.

53. D) Farming consumes most of our natural resources.

54. C) Its close ties with the agriculture companies.

55. B) Endeavor to ensure the sustainable development of agriculture.



passage one

46.C)It may make us feel isolated and incompetent

47.A) They do not find all their online friends trustworthy.

48.C) Paint a rosy picture of other people's lives

49.A) They should record the memorable moments in people's lives

50.D) Strengthen ties with real-life friends instead of caring about their online image

passage two

51.A) Ruining their culture.

52.D)Different chimp groups differ in their way of communication.

53.B)Chimp behavior becomes less varied with the increase of human activity.

54 C)Study the unique characteristics of each generation of chimps

55.C)Conserve animal species in a novel and all-round way.