M: What's all that? Are you going to make a salad?
W: No I'm going to make a gazpacho.
M: What's that?
W: Gazpacho is a cold soup from Spain. It’s mostly vegetables. I guess you could call it a liquid salad.
M: Cold soup? Sounds weird.
W: It's delicious. Trust me. I tried it for the first time during my summer vacation in Spain. You see, in the south of Spain, it gets very hot in the summer, up to 40°C. So a cold gazpacho is very refreshing. The main ingredients are tomato, cucumber, bell peppers, olive oil and stale bread.
M: Stale bread? Surely you mean bread for dipping into the soup?
W: No. Bread is crushed and blended in like everything else. It adds texture and thickness to the soup.
M: Mm. And is it healthy?
W: Sure. As I said earlier it's mostly vegetables. You can also add different things if you like, such as hard-boiled egg or cured ham.
M: Cured ham? What’s that?
W: That's another Spanish delicacy. Have you never heard of it? It is quite famous.
M: no, is it good too?
W: Oh, yeah, definitely. It’s amazing. It’s a little dry and salty, and it's very expensive because it comes from a special type of pig that only eats a special type of food. The harm is covered in salt to dry and preserve it. And left to hang for up to 2 years, it has a very distinct flavor.
M: Mm. Sounds interesting. Where can I find some?
W: It used to be difficult to get Spanish produce here. But it's now a lot more common. Most large supermarket chains have cured ham in little packets but in Spain you combine a whole leg.
M: A whole peg leg? Why would anybody want so much ham?
W: In Spain, many people buy a whole leg for special group events, such as Christmas. They cut it themselves into very thin slices with a long flat knife.
Questions 1 to 4 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
1. What do we learn about gazpacho?
2. For what purpose is stale bread mixed into gazpacho?
3. Why does the woman think gazpacho is healthy?
4. What does the woman say about cured ham?
M: Hello, I wish to buy a bottle of wine.
W: Hi, yes. What kind of wine would you like?
M: I don't know, sorry. I don't know much about wine.
W: That’s no problem at all. What’s the occasion and how much would you like to spend?
M: It's for my boss. It’s his birthday. I know he likes wine, but I don't know what type. I also do not want anything too expensive, maybe mid-range. How much would you say is a mid-range bottle of wine approximately?
W: Well, it varies greatly. Our lowest prices are around $6 a bottle, but those are table wines. They are not very special. And I would not suggest them as a gift. On the other end, our most expensive bottles are over $150. If you are looking for something priced in the middle, I would say anything between $30 and $60 would make a decent gift. How does that sound?
M: Mm, yeah. I guess something in the vicinity of 30 or 40 would be good. Which type would you recommend?
W: I would say the safest option is always a red wine. They are generally more popular than whites, and can usually be paired with food more easily. Our specialty here are Italian wines, and these tend to be fruity with medium acidity. This one here is a Chianti, which is perhaps Italy's most famous type of red wine. Alternatively, you may wish to try and surprise your boss with something less common, such as the Infantile. The grapes are originally native to Croatia but this winery is in east in Italy and it has a more spicy and peppery flavor. So to summarize, the Chianti is more classical and the Infantile more exciting. Both are similarly priced at just under $40.
M: I will go with Chianti then. Thanks.
Questions 5 to 8 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
5. What does the woman think of table wines?
6. What is the price range of wine the man will consider?
7. Why does the woman recommend red wines?
8. What do we learn about the wine the man finally bought?
Many people enjoy secret codes, the harder the code the more some people would try to figure it out. In war time, codes are especially important, they help army send news about battles and signs of enemy forces. Neither side wants its code broken by the other. One very important code was never broken, it was used during world war two by the Americans. It was spoken code, never written down and it was developed and used by NH Indians. They were called the NH code talkers. The NH created the codes in their own language. NH was hard to learn and only a few people know it. So it was pretty certain that the enemy would not be able to understand the code talkers. In addition, the talkers used code words. They called a submarine and an iron fish and a small bomb thrown by hand, a potato. If they wanted to spell something, they used code words for letters of the Alphabet. For instance, the letter A was ant or apple or ax, the code talkers worked mostly in the islands in the Pacific. One or two would be assigned a group of soldiers. They would send messages by field telephone to the code talker in the next group. And he would relay the information to his commander. The code talkers played an important part in several battles. They helped the troops coordinate their movements and attacks. After the war, the US governments honored them for what they had accomplished. Theirs was the most successful wartime code ever used.
Questions 9 to 11 are based on the passage you have just heard.
9 . What does the speaker say many people enjoy doing?
10.What do we learn about the NH talkers?
11.What is the speaker mainly talking about?
If you are young and thinking about your career, you want to know where you can make a living, well, this going to be a technological replacement of a lot of knowledge intensive jobs in the next twenty years. Particularly in the two largest sectors of the labor force with professional skills. One is teaching, and the other, health care. You have so many applications and software and platforms, but going to come in and provide information and service in these two fields, which means a lot of health care and education sectors, would be radically changed, and lots of jobs will be lost. Now, where will the new jobs be found, well the one sector of the economy that can't be easily duplicated by even small technologies is the caring sector, the personal care sector, that is, you can't really get a robot to do a great massage or physical therapy. Or, you can't get the kind of personal attention you need with regard to therapy or any other personal service. There could be very high and personal services, therapist do charge a lot of money, I think there's no limit to the amount of personal attention and personal care, people would like if they could afford it. But, the real question in the future is, how come people afford these things if they don't have money, because they can't get a job that pays enough, that's why I wrote this book, which is about how to reorganize the economy for the future when technology brings about destructive changes, to what we used to consider high income work.
Questions 12 to 15 are based on the passage you have just heard.
12. What does the speaker say will happen in the next twenty years?
13. Where will young people have more chances to find jobs?
14. What does the speaker say about therapist?
15. What is the speaker’s book about?
American researchers have discovered the world's oldest paved road, a 4,600-year-old highway. It linked a stone pit in the Egyptian desert to waterways that carried blocks to monument sites along the Nile. The eight-mile road is at least 500 years older than any previously discovered road. It is the only paved road discovered in ancient Egypt, said geologist Thomas Bown of the United States Geological Survey. He reported the discovery on Friday. "The road probably doesn't rank with the pyramids as a construction feat, but it is a major engineering achievement," said his colleague, geologist James Harrell of the University of Toledo. "Not only is the road earlier than we thought possible, we didn't even think they built roads." The researchers also made a discovery in the stone pit at the northern end of the road: the first evidence that the Egyptians used rock saws. "This is the oldest example of saws being used for cutting stone," said Bown’s colleague James Hoffmeier of Wheaton College in Illinois.
"That's two technologies we didn't know they had," Harrell said "And we don't know why they were both abandoned." The road was discovered in the Faiyum Depression, about 45 miles southwest of Cairo. Short segments of the road had been observed by earlier explorers, Bown said, but they failed to realize its significance or follow up on their observations. Bown and his colleagues stumbled across it while they were doing geological mapping in the region. The road was clearly built to provide services for the newly discovered stone pit. Bown and Harrell have found the camp that housed workers at the stone pit. The road appears today to go nowhere, ending in the middle of the desert. When it was built, its terminal was a dock on the shore of Lake Moeris, which had an elevation of about 66 feet above sea level, the same as the dock. Lake Moeris received its water from the annual floods of the Nile. At the time of the floods, the river and lake were at the same level and connected through a gap in the hills near the modern villages of el-Lahun and Hawara. Harrell and Bown believe that blocks were loaded onto barges during the dry season, then floated over to the Nile during the floods to be shipped off to the monument sites at Giza and Saqqara.
Questions 16 to 18 are based on the recording you have just heard.
16. What do we learn from the lecture about the world’s oldest paved road in Egypt?
17. What did the researchers discover in the stone pit?
18. For what purpose was the paved road built?
The thin, extremely sharp needles didn’t hurt at all going in. Dr. Gong pierced them into my left arm, around the elbow that had been bothering me. Other needles were slipped into my left wrist and, strangely, into my right arm, and then into both my closed eyelids.
There wasn’t any discomfort, just a mild warming sensation. However, I did begin to wonder what had driven me here, to the office of Dr. James Gong, in New York’s Chinatown.
Then I remembered－－the torturing pain in that left elbow. Several trips to a hospital and two expensive, uncomfortable medical tests had failed to produce even a diagnosis.“Maybe you lean on your left arm too much,”the doctor concluded, suggesting I see a bone doctor.
During the hours spent waiting in vain to see a bone doctor, I decided to take another track and try acupuncture. A Chinese-American friend recommended Dr. Gong. I took the subway to Gong’s second-floor office, marked with a hand-painted sign.
Dr. Gong speaks English, but not often. Most of my questions to him were greeted with a friendly laugh, but I managed to let him know where my arm hurt. He asked me to go into a room, had me lie down on a bed, and went to work. In the next room, I learned, a woman dancer was also getting a treatment. As I lay there a while, I drifted into a dream-like state and fantasized about what she looked like.
Acupuncturists today are as likely to be found on Park Avenue as on Mott Street. In all there are an estimated 10,000 acupuncturists in the country. Nowadays, a lot of M.D.s have learned acupuncture techniques; so have a number of dentists. Reason? Patient demand. Few, though, can adequately explain how acupuncture works.
Acupuncturists may say that the body has more than 800 acupuncture points. A life force called qi circulates through the body. Points on the skin are energetically connected to specific organs, body structures and systems. Acupuncture points are stimulated to balance the circulation of qi.
The truth is, though acupuncture is at least 2,200 years old,“nobody really knows what’s happening,”says Paul Zmiewski, a Ph.D. in Chinese studies who practices acupuncture in Philadelphia.
After five treatments, there has been dramatic improvement in my arm, and the pain is a fraction of what it was. The mainly silent Dr. Gong finally even offered a diagnosis for what troubled me.“Pinched nerve,”he said.
Questions 19 to 21 are based on the recording you have just heard.
19. What does the speaker find especially strange?
20. Why did the speaker go see Dr. Gong?
21. What account for the growing popularity of acupuncture in the United States, according to the speaker?
Ronald and Lois married for two decades considered themselves a happy couple. But in the early years of their marriage both were distilled by persistent arguments that seem to fade away without ever being truly resolved. They uncovered clues to what was going wrong by researching a fascinating subject. How birth order affects not only your personality but also how compatible you are with your mate. Ronald and Lois are only children and onlies grow up accustomed to being the apple of parents’ eyes. Match two onlies and you have partners to sub consciously expect each other to continue fulfilling this expectation while neither has much experience in the giving and here's a list of common birth order characteristics and some thoughts on the best and worst Marischal matches for each. The oldest tends to be self-assured, responsible, a high achiever and relatively seriously reserved. He may be slow to make friends. Perhaps content with only one companion. The best matches are with a youngest and only or a mate raised in a large family. The worst match is with another oldest since the two will be too sovereign to share a household comfortably. The youngest child of the family thrives on the tension and tends to be outgoing, adventurous, optimistic, creative and less ambitious than others in the family. He may lack self-discipline and have difficulty making decisions on his own. A youngest brother of brothers often unpredictable and romantic will match best with an oldest sister of brothers. The youngest sister of brothers is best matched with the oldest brother of sisters who will happily indulge these traits. The middle child is influenced by many variables however middles are less likely to take initiative and more anxious and self-critical than others. Middles often successfully marry other middles. Since both are strong on tact not so strong on the aggressiveness and tend to crave affection. The only child is often most comfortable when alone. But since an only tends to be a well-adjusted individual she'll eventually learn to relate to any chosen spouse. The male only child expects his wife to make life easier without getting much in return. He is sometimes best matched with the younger sister of brothers. The female only child who tends to be slightly more flexible is well matched with an older man who will indulge her tendency to test his love—her worst much. Another only of course.
Questions 22 to 25 are based on the recording you have just heard.
22. What does the speaker say about Ronald and Lois's early years of married life?
23. What do we learn about Ronald and Lois?
24. What does the speaker say about the oldest child in the family?
25. What does the speaker say about the only children?
BADCB ADDCA CBCAB DABDC .ACADB
1. D) She is the owner of a special cafe.
2. A) They bear a lot of similarities.
3. A) By giving them regular cleaning and injections.
4. C) They love the animal in her cafe.
5. D) It is mostly garbage.
6. B) TV commercials.
7. C) Trying to trick children into buying their products.
8. C) They seldom had junk food
9. C）Tombs of ancient rulers.
10. B) It’s hardly associated with great civilizations.
11. A ) It carries about one fifth of the world’s fresh water.
12.B) We are always in a rush to do various things.
13. C) She was accustomed to tight schedules.
14. D) Reading a book about slowing down.
15. B) She came to enjoy everyday tasks.
16. C) They pose a threat to the local ecosystem.
17. D) Their distinctions are artificial.
18. A) Only a few of them cause problems to native species.
19. A）Respect their traditional culture.
20. C) Drinking alcohol on certain days of a month.
21.D) They have a break from 2:00 to 5:30.
22. D) He had the company’s bedroom extensively renovated.
23. B) Its articles should be short and inspiring.
24 D) He treated the employees like members of his family.
25 C) Several hundred of its employees got fired.
26. K) puzzled
27. M) removed
28. A) chronicles
29. L) remnants
30. F) maximum
31. D) fascinates
32. I) perfect
33. J) precision
34. E) hypothesis
35. O) slightly
36-40 HCLJG 41-45 AIFKD
开头：The Ebno Dleta
46．C) Rice farmers in the Ebro Delta are waging a battle of similar importance.
…during the Spanish Civil War, is now the setting for a different contest, one that is pitting rice farmers against two enemies…
47. D) Using one evil to combat the other.答案出处：
The most promising stragy has become to harness one foe against the other.
48. C) Its immediate priority is to bring the pest under control.
…the short-term fight against the snail, and a mid- to long-term fight against climate change, But the sanil has given the project greater urgency.
49． B) It will invade other rice-growing regions of Europe.
For now, the giant apple snial's presence in Europe is limited to the Ebro Delta. But the snail continues its march to new territory, says Serrat. "The question is not whether it will reach other rice-growing areas of Europe, but when."
50. A) Cultivating ideal salt-resistant rice varieties.
Asan EU-funded effort, the search for salt-tolerant varieties of rice is taking place in all three countires. Each team is crossbredding a local European short-grain rice with a long-term Asian varity that carrises the salt-resistant gene. The scientists are breeding successivee generations to arrive at varieties that incorporate salt tolerance but retain about 97 percent of the European rice genome (基因组)。
A) It was a painstaking effort for recording life’s major events.
答案出处：Photography was once an expensive, laborious ordeal reserved for life’s greatest milestones.
D) Whether it prevented people enjoying what they were doing.
”You hear that you shouldn’t take all these photos and interrupt the experience, and it’s bad for you, and we’re not living in the present moment,”says Kristin Diehl… Diehl and her fellow researchers wanted to find out if that was true…
C) They are more absorbed in what catches their eye.
答案出处：The results...surprised them. Taking photos actually makes people enjoy what they’re doing more, not less.
B) They focus more on the exhibits when taking pictures.
答案出处：people were given eye-tracking glasses and instructed either to take photos or not. "People look longer at things they want to photograph." Diehl says. They report liking the exhibits more, too.
D) Even the very thought of taking a photo can have a positive effect.
答案出处：No, they found; just the act of planning to take a photo—and not actually taking it—had the same joy-boosting effect.
26. K) reputed
27. C) characters
28. M) supposed
29. E) fierce
30. H) obsessed
31. A) campaign
32. N) traditional
33. I) proclamation
34. F) inspired
35. L) rest
标题：Grow Plants without water
36-40 CHAKE 41-45 IGBFD
开头: Human memory…
46. C）store an unlimited number of human faces
47. C) To understand computers’ problems with facial recognition.
48. D) It decreases as the database size increases.
49. A) They cannot easily tell apart people with near-identical appearances.
50. B) There do not exist public databases with sufficient face samples.
51. B) They are acting in an irrational way.
52. A) impractical.
53. D) Allow taxpayers to participate in college administration.
54. C) It is well reflected in their average starting salary.
55. D) College students should fund their own education.
开头：When Elon Musk…
26. D) enabling
27. A) amassed
28. N) terrified
29. L) smart
30. F) exaggerated
31. E) eventually
32. C) emotional
33. B) casual
34. J) precious
35. O) venture
标题：In the real world…
46. A) It is based on questionable statistics.
47. D) It is a more comprehensive measure of people’s economic well-being.
48. B) It neglected many important indicators of people’s welfare.
49. D) It can compare a country’s economic conditions between different periods of time.
50. C) It has not improved as much as reported by the Census Bureau.
开头：If you've ever
51. A) They may become exhausted by making too many decisions for themselves.
52. C) Decision fatigue may prevent people making wise decisions.
53. B) When they help others to make decisions.
54. D) They refrain from trying anything new.
55. D) It will more often than not end in regret.
In the past, owning a private car was a luxury thing for most Chinese. Nowadays, private cars can be seen everywhere in China. Car has become an integral part of people's life: They not only drive to and from work, but also drive outside. The number of cars in some cities is growing so rapidly that traffic jams and the problem of insufficient parking space are becoming more and more serious. The municipal government of these cities have to develop some new rules to limit the number of cars on the road. As air pollution gets more serious, now more and more people choose to buy new energy vehicles. The Chinese government has taken some measures to support the development of new energy vehicles.
A private car used to be a luxury for most Chinese, but now it is ubiquitous across China. People commute and travel by car, making it an integral part of their daily life. Spikes in car ownership have resulted in more prevalent traffic gridlock and inadequate parking space in some cities, which has prompted local governments to roll out new rules to rein in the number of cars on the road. Worsening air pollution has also led a growing number of people to buy new energy vehicles(NEVs). As such, the Chinese government has taken some meaningful steps to support the development of NEVs.
Bicycle used to be the leading means of transportation in China’s cities and villages, and China was once called “the Kingdom of Bicycles”. Nowadays, with traffic congestion and air pollution becoming more and more serious in cities, riding a bicycle is becoming popular again. Recently, China’s entrepreneurs have combined mobile Internet technologies with bicycles and invented the business model of bike-sharing. The appearance of shared bikes has made it more convenient for people to get around, and people can ride bikes at any time only with the help of a mobile phone. To encourage people to travel by bike, many cities have built bike lanes. Now, more and more Chinese people like exercising by riding bikes.
China was once dubbed “the Kingdom of Bicycles” when bicycle was the predominant means of transportation in urban and rural China alike. Today, bicycles have started to catch on yet again as traffic congestion increases and air quality worsens in cities. In recent years, Chinese entrepreneurs have developed a business model called bike-sharing by equipping bicycles with mobile Internet technologies. With shared bikes, people find it more convenient to get around at any time they want with the mere help of a mobile phone. Many cities have built bicycle lanes to encourage people to go green. In addition, a growing number of people now work out through cycling.
China now has the largest and fastest high-speed rail network in the world. The speed of the CRH (China Railway High-Speed) train will continue to increase and more cities will build high-speed rail stations. The CRH train has greatly reduced people’s travel time. Compared with airplane, the outstanding advantage of the CRH train is punctuality, because it is basically not affected by weather or traffic control. The CRH train has greatly changed the Chinese people’s way of life. Now, it has become the top transportation option for business travel for many people. More and more people also travel by CRH train during holidays. Many young people choose to work in one city but live in a nearby one since they can commute by CRH train every day.
China is home to the world’s most extensive and fastest high-speed rail network. The CRH (China Railway High-Speed) train will continue to speed up and high-speed rail stations will be added to accommodate more cities. The CRH train has slashed people’s travel time and is obviously more punctual than airplane as it is virtually not subject to bad weather and traffic control. It has transformed the way people live and become the favorite option for business travelers today. More and more holidaymakers also travel by CRH train. A good number of young people choose to work in one city yet live in a neighboring one since they can commute back and forth on a daily basis thanks to the CRH train.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on the importance of building trust between employer and employees. You can cite examples to illustrate your views. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.
Trust Between Employers and Employees
Trust is the most frequently used word when we are talking about interpersonal relationships. With the development of social economy, people gradually have less and less trust in each other, especially among employers and employees. Therefore, building and maintaining trust between them is of great importance for a company.
First of all, mutual trust between employers and employees can improve the work efficiency. Once they build trust between each other, they’ll work towards a common goal and all will devote themselves in realizing it. Secondly, employers will lose their employees if they lack trust in them. To avoid losing talents, employers should show their good faith and give employees more care and love. Thirdly, having faith in each other in a company can definitely create a harmonious working atmosphere and create great value for the company.
To sum up, employers and employees should raise the awareness of mutual trust and put their faith in each other, which is a foundation of the well development of a company.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on the importance of building trust between teachers and students. You can cite examples to illustrate your views. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.
The Importance of Building Trust Between Teachers and Students
A good relationship between a teacher and a student has important, positive and long-lasting implications for both the student’s academic and social development. However, nowadays, we have witnessed declining trust between them, therefore some tragedies ensued from the lack of trust between teachers and students.
The situation must be urgently improved, for trust in a teacher-student relationship is a must. First and foremost, trust between teachers and students promote students’ desire to learn. Those students who have positive and supportive relationships with their teachers will attain higher levels of achievement than those students with more conflict in their relationships. Second, a teacher who has the full trust of his students is more motivated to improve his teaching skills, which in turn benefit the students most. So both students and teachers should do their part to build trust between them. As to the teachers, trying to know the students, giving them meaningful feedback, and meeting their developmental, emotional and academic needs timely are of great help. And the students should always be respectful to their teachers.
Once the trust between teachers and students is built, effective teaching and learning can be achieved.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on the importance of building trust between businesses and consumers. You can cite examples to illustrate your views. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.
The Importance of Building Trust Between Business and Customers
Recently, I saw a cartoon on the Internet. The cartoon shows a cigarette shop owner and a customer who is buying cigarettes. The customer is holding the cigarette, doubting about the quality of the bargain. The seller is holding 100 yuan, worrying the bill is counterfeit. It reflects a serious social problem—the trust crisis between the customers and the businesses.
The main reason for this phenomenon is the constant exposure of fake products by the media. To solve this problem, first we should call on the whole society to realize the value of honesty and credibility to economic development. Second, the government should formulate strict laws and regulations to punish counterfeiting. Meanwhile, the mass media and education departments should play an active role in restoring trust among people. Finally, everyone should raise their own moral standards and have the courage to trust others.
Trust is the bridge between heart and heart, and it also has the magic power for people to communicate with each other. When consumers and businesses have established a trusting relationship, the society will be more harmonious and beautiful.