作者：Kenneth Beare 来源：How To Improve Your Pronunciation 2017-10-28 09:00
One of the most important aspects of learning English is pronunciation. Without clear pronunciation, it is difficult to make yourself understood. First start by learning individual sounds. After that, focus on the music of the language. You might be surprised by the following statement: Pronouncing every word correctly leads to poor pronunciation! Good pronunciation comes from stressing the right words — this is because English is a time-stressed language.
In other words, some words — the content words — receive more focus, whereas other words — function words — are less important. Learn more below.
HERE'S HOW TO IMPROVE YOUR PRONUNCIATION:
1. Start with learning individual sounds. These are called phonemes.
2. Use minimal pairs to practice individual vowel sounds. Minimal pairs are words in which only one sound changes. For example, pop - pep - pip - pap changes the vowel sound. Using minimal pairs helps you isolate a sound to really focus on the small changes in sounds between vowels.
3. Learn pairs of consonants that are voiced and voiceless and practice through minimal pairs. For example, f / v the 'f' sound is voiceless and the 'v' voiced. You can recognize the difference between voiced and voiceless by placing a finger on your throat. Voiced sounds vibrate, whereas voiceless sounds do not vibrate. These pairs include: b / p - z / s - d / t - v / f - zh / sh - dj / ch.
4. Learn the difference between pure vowels and diphthongs such as the 'oi' sound in 'boy' or ' aee ' sound in 'tray'.
了解纯元音和双元音之间的区别，例如“boy”或“ aee ” 音中的“oi ”音。
5. Learn the following rules concerning pronunciation.
6. English is considered a stressed language while many other languages are considered syllabic.
7. In other languages, such as French or Italian, each syllable receives equal importance (there is stress, but each syllable has its own length).
8. English pronunciation focuses on specific stressed words while quickly gliding over the other, non-stressed, words.
9. Stressed words are considered content words: Nouns e.g. kitchen, Peter — (most) principal verbs e.g. visit, construct — Adjectives e.g. beautiful, interesting — Adverbs e.g. often, carefully
重读词通常是表达内容的词:名词，如.kitchen, Pete；（大多数)主要动词，例如，visit, construct；形容词，如beautiful, interesting；副词，如often, carefully
10. Non-stressed words are considered function words: Determiners e.g. the, a — Auxiliary verbs e.g. am, were — Prepositions e.g. before, of — Conjunction s e .g. but, and — Pronouns e.g. they, she
非重读词通常是功能词:限定词，例如the, a; 辅助动词，如am，were；介词，如before，of; 连接词，如but, and;代词，如they, she
11. Read the following sentence aloud: The beautiful Mountain appeared transfixed in the distance.
大声朗读下面的句子: The beautiful Mountain appeared transfixed in the distance.
12. Read the following sentence aloud: He can come on Sundays as long as he doesn't have to do any homework in the evening.
大声朗读下面的句子: He can come on Sundays as long as he doesn't have to do any homework in the evening.
13. Notice that the first sentence actually takes about the same time to speak well!
14. Even though the second sentence is approximately 30% longer than the first, the sentences take the same time to speak. This is because there are 5 stressed words in each sentence.
15. Write down a few sentences, or take a few example sentences from a book or exercise.
16. First underline the stressed words, then read aloud focusing on stressing the underlined words and gliding over the non-stressed words.
17. Be surprised at how quickly your pronunciation improves! By focusing on stressed words, non-stressed words and syllables take on their more muted nature.
18. When listening to native speakers, focus on how those speakers stress certain words and begin to copy this.
MORE TIPS ON IMPROVING PRONUNCIATION
1. Remember that non-stressed words and syllables are often 'swallowed' in English.
2. Always focus on pronouncing stressed words well, non-stressed words can be glided over.
3. Don't focus on pronouncing each word. Focus on the stressed words in each sentence.