You need some help? Some people say essays are tricky. Here are some helpful hints to make them less difficult.

1. Take your prompt and pick it apart! Understand exactly what it is asking you to do. If it says evaluate, then you conclude, if it says to compare or contrast then do that. Take notes!
1. 抓住主题,深刻领会!准确理解它要求你做什么。如果说是写评价,那么你就得出结论,如果说是比较或对比,那么就照此去做。务必要作好笔记!

2. Look over whatever the prompt addresses and begin to pick that apart based on what your prompt is asking for, and do not discriminate yet, take all of it. Take notes on ideas for the prompt, and mark pages in any literature you may be using.
2. 认真审核主题到底要说明什么,然后根据你的主题要求开始提炼选材,但选材不拘一格,多多益善。为主题观点做好笔记,并标记出你可能使用的任何文献的章页。

3. Look at the prompt and the information you've gathered and begin to group ideas together so you can create a working thesis. The working thesis will give your essay a focus so you don't digress in the middle of your writing.
3. 根据主题和你收集的信息,开始将观点组合在一起,这样你就可以创建一个写作大纲。写作大纲将突出你的重点,以便你在写作中不会偏离主题。

4. Continue your brain-storming and write the topic sentence for your first body paragraph. Make sure it provides a focus for your paragraph and it isn't general. Find examples from life (direct quotes, paraphrasing, etc.) or from the topic literature that you can use in your first body paragraph. Make sure it follows your working thesis, but don't actually write the paragraph yet.
4. 开动脑筋精益求精,写出第一个主体段的总起句。确保它成为你第一个主体段的重点,而不是泛泛而论。从生活中(直接引用,转述等)或同一主题文献中找到可以用在你第一个主体段的的范例。确保它与你的写作大纲一致,但先不要正式写这个段落。

5. Do the same for the other body paragraphs.
5. 依次处理其他主体段落。

6. Write your concluding statements for each paragraph. Please note that it is a CONCLUDING statement, meaning you need to bluntly say what point you are trying to make and lead it into your next body paragraph.
6. 写出每个段落的总结性语句。请注意,这是总结语句,也就是说你要直截了当地说明你想阐述的观点,并将其引入下一个主体段。

7. Brain-storm for your introductory paragraph. Start by either addressing a theme or a topic you've researched that is relevant to your essay. Now look at your working thesis. What parts of it look like a summary? Take those out and put them into your intro. Look at your working thesis again. You need a fact or some sort of event which is relevant to your topic, to put into that thesis. Paraphrase it, and add in whatever point you are trying to make to it.
7. 仔细斟酌你的引言段落。开始可先确定一个与论文相关的研究主题或标题。现在看看你的写作大纲。它的哪些部分看起来像总结?把这些部分提出放入你的引言。再看你的写作大纲。你需要找到与你主题相关需加入论文的某个事实或事件。加以解述,并添加你想证明的观点。

8. Read whatever notes you took for your body paragraphs and look at your thesis for your concluding paragraph. You need to reiterate all the points you make in your body paragraph and relate them briefly to your thesis to show how they are all connected.
8. 读一读你为主体段落所做的笔记,并审看一下你总结性段落的主旨。你需要重申在你在主体段中提出的所有观点,将其与你的论文简洁联系起来,以说明它们之间是何种关系。

9. Write. This is the easiest part after you've outlined it all already.
9. 写下来。当你列出所有这些主线,写作就是轻而易举的事情。

10. Look for grammatical mistakes. Look it over today, and see if you can pick anything out that is really obvious.
10. 寻找语法错误。当天过一遍目,看看你是否能挑出什么特别明显的错误。

11. Look at your essay once again on the next day and fix it. Redact it. Make sure it is grammatically perfect. Read it out loud to see if anything sounds awkward, and fix it.
11. 第二天再看一遍论文,并作修改。校订论文。确保它在语法上无懈可击。大声地朗读,看看有没有什么听起来格外别扭的地方,并加以修改。


Make sure your writing is logical. Don't just throw ideas together and hope they make sense.

Don't worry too much about grammatical mistakes, or synonyms for words you have just used in the sentence before. Just underline or highlight it and then go over it in your second draft. The important thing is to get it all down in the first place.

If you don't need the internet, disconnect! Nothing is more distracting than the internet when you're typing up your essay and are feeling extremely bored.

Have a thesaurus and a dictionary handy at all times, especially if you have the habit of using words whose meanings you are not completely sure of.