Blood Donation Law of the People’s Republic of China

Article 1 This Law is enacted with a view to ensuring the requirements and safety of blood for medical and clinical use, safeguarding the physical health of blood donors and blood users, promoting the humanitarian spirit and the building of socialist material civilization and spiritual civilization.

Article 2 The State practices the system of blood donation without compensation.
The State encourages voluntary blood donation by healthy citizens between ages 18 and 55.

Article 3 Local people’s governments at all levels provide leadership for the blood donation work within their respective administrative areas, work out uniform planning and shall be responsible for the organization and coordination among the departments concerned in their joint efforts for the blood donation work.
Article 4 Departments of public health under local people’s governments at or above the county level shall supervise over and administer the blood donation work.
Red Cross Societies at all levels shall participate in and promote the blood donation work in accordance with law.

Article 5 People’s governments at all levels shall take measures for the extensive publicity of the significance of blood donation and popularization of the scientific knowledge of blood donation and conduct education in the prevention and control or diseases spread via blood.
News media shall conduct nonprofit publicity about blood donation in society.
Article 6 State organs, armed forces, social groups, enterprises, institutions, neighborhood committees and villagers’ committees shall motivate and organize citizens of their respective units or neighborhoods to take part in blood donation.
Measures for the motivation and organization for blood donation by active-duty service personnel shall be worked out by the competent department of health of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army.
A certificate of blood donation without compensation produced by the department of public health under the State Council shall be issued to blood donors, and the units concerned may give appropriate allowances.

Article 7 The State encourages state functionaries, active-duty service personnel and students in institutions of higher learning to take the lead in blood donation to set a role model in new social tendency.
Article 8 Blood stations are institutions that collect and provide blood for clinical use and are nonprofit organizations not for the purpose of making profits.
 Establishment of blood stations for the collection of blood from citizens shall be subject to the approval of the department of public health under the State Council or the departments of public health under the people’s governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipal cities directly under the Central Government.
 Blood stations should provide safe, hygienic and convenient conditions for the blood donors.
 Qualifications for the establishment of and measures for the management of blood stations shall be worked out by the department of public health under the State Council.

Article 9 Blood stations must conduct necessary physical checkup of blood donors free of charge.
 Blood stations shall explain the situation to those citizens whose health conditions do not conform to the qualifications for blood donation and must not collect blood from them.
 Physical health qualifications of blood donors shall be laid down by the department of public health under the State Council.
The amount of blood collected by a blood station from a blood donor at a time shall generally be 200 milliliters and must not exceed 400 milliliters at most, and the duration between two collections shall not be less than six months.
Article 10 Blood stations must strictly abide by relevant operational procedures and rules in blood collection, blood collection must be conducted by medical staff with qualifications for blood collection and disposable blood collection apparatuses must be destroyed after use to ensure the physical health of blood donors.
Blood stations shall, in accordance with the standards formulated by the department of public health under the State Council, guarantee the quality of blood.
Blood stations must conduct inspection and testing over the blood collected;
blood without undergoing inspection and testing or failing to pass inspection and testing must not be provided to medical institutions.