1. get about [around] (1) (能)到处走动,旅行。如:He didn’t get about much after the operation. 手术后他不常外出去动。It’s easy in this city to get about by bus. 在本市乘公共汽车去各处都很方便。(2) (消息、谣言等)传播,流传。如:I don’t mind you knowing, but I don’t really want it to get about. 我不是不让你知道,但我实在不想让它传出去。
2. get along (1) 离开(某地)。如:It’s time we were getting along. 我们该走了。(2) 相处,过日子,合得来。如:How are you getting along (with her)? 你(宋体>与她)过得怎样? Do you get along with your boss? 你与老板合得来吗? (3) 进展。如:How are you getting along with your work? ">?
3. get away (1) 离开,逃离,逃走。如:I won’t be able to get away (from the office) before 7. 我七点以前离不开(我七点以前ce=宋体>办公室)。The thieves got away with all our money. 那些贼偷了我们所有的钱逃走了。(2) 逃避责罚,免受处罚,受较轻处罚。如:If you cheat in the exam, you’ll never get away with it. 考试作弊必予追究。For such a serious offence he was lucky to get away with a fine. 他犯了那么严重的过失,却侥幸只交罚款了事。
4. get back
(1) 返回,回家。如:When did you get back from Paris? 你是什么时候从巴黎回来的? (2) 取回,拿回,失而复得。如:He got back the watch he lost. 他丢的表找回来了。We decided to get the books back. 我们决定把书要回来。
5. get down 下来,取下,放下,弄下,写下,打下,吞下。如:The boy climbed up the tree and couldn’t get down. 小男孩爬上树,却下不来了。He spoke too fast and I couldn’t get down all he sai; TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 18pt; mso-char-indend. 他说得太快,我无法记下他所说的所有东西。We managed to get down enemy planes. 我们设法打下了两架敌机。The medicine was so horrible I could hardly get it down. 那药很难吃,我好不容易才咽下去。
6. get down to (6doing) sth 开始做某事,认真处理某事。如:It’s time we got down to some serious work. 我们该认真干点正事了。
7. get in(1) 进站,到达,回来。如:(1) The train (plane) got in late. 火车(飞机)晚点了。 I’ll phone him as soon as I get in. 我一到家就给他打电话。(2) 请来。如:They have got the doctor in to look at the child. 他们已请来大夫给孩子看病。(3) 插话。如:He talks so much that it’s impossible to get a word in. 他说个不停,别人休想插话。(4) 收获,收割。如:The villagers were busy getting the harvest in. 村民们在忙于收获庄稼。
8. get off
(1) 起飞,动身,出发。如:The plane got off on time. 飞机准时起飞。We got off immediately after breakfast. 我们吃完早餐就动身了。(2) 下班,下车。如:下班,下车。如:We get off at five. 我们五点下班。I’ll get off at the next stop. 我在下一站下车。(3) 从轻处罚,被放过。如:He got off with a small fine. 他交了一小笔罚款了事。
9. get on (1) 上车。如:The bus came and we got on. 公共汽车来了,我们就上了车。公共汽车来了,我们就上了车XT-INDENT: 21.1pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 18pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.55pt; mso-line-height-rule: exactly">(2) 进行,进展,过日子。如:Let’s get on with our work. 我们继续干吧。How are you getting on (at school)? 你(在学校)的情况如何? (3) 相处。如:He is not an easy man to get on with. 他不好相处。
10. get out
10出来,出去,离开。如:The door was locked and we couldn’t get out. 门被锁上了,我们无法出去。D(21)The meeting went on late, so I got out as soon as I could. 会议开到很晚,所以一有机会我便离开了。
(2) 拿出,取出。如:He got out a dictionary and looked up the word in it. 他拿出一本词典来查这个词。(3) 出版,发表。如:We hope to get the report out before the end of the month. 我们希望在这个月底发表这个报告。(4) 泄漏,传出。如:If the secret gets out, there will be trouble. 如果秘密泄漏出去,那就麻烦了。
11. get out of . (1) 逃避,躲掉。如 :He tried to get out of helping me. 他企图逃避给我帮助。He will do anything to get out of work. 为了逃避工作,他什么事都干得出来。为了逃避工作,IN-BOTTOM: 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 21.1pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 18pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.55pt; mso-line-height-rule: exactly">(2) 使说出(拿出等)。如:He tried to get money out of her. 他设法要她出钱。The police got the truth out of him. 警察迫使他说出了真话。(3) 放弃,戒除,停止。如:You must get out of that bad habit. 你必须戒除那个坏习惯。He told me to get out of smoking. 他叫我戒烟。
12. get over
(1) 走过,越过,渡过。如:How can we get over the river? 我们怎样过河? (2) 克服,战胜。如:She can’t get over her shyness. 她克服不了羞怯感。(3) 恢复,痊愈。如:Have you got over your cold yet? 你的感冒好了没有? He hasn’t got over her death. 他还在为她的死悲痛不已。
13. get through (1) 做完,用完,吃完,看完。如:There’s a lot of work to get through. 有很多工作要做。He has got through all his money. 他的钱全用完了。I must get through the book before Saturday. 我必须在星期六以前看完这本书。(2) 通过(考试),接通(电话),度过(时间)。如:Did you get through your driving test? 你的驾驶测验通过了吗? I tried to telephone you but couldn’t get through. 我设法给你打电话,但打不通。
14. get together 聚会,联欢。如:When can we get together? 我们什么时候可以聚一聚? We’ll get together with him to discuss this problem. 我们要与他碰头讨论这个问题。
15. get up (1) 起床,起身。如:I get up at six every morning. 我每天早上六点钟起床。The class got up when the teacher came in. 老师进来时,全班学生都站起来。老师进来-BOTTOM: 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 21.1pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 18pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.55pt; mso-line-height-rule: exactly">(2) 打扮。如:She got herself up as a peasant girl. 她打扮成农家姑娘。(3) 举办。如:We are getting up a party for he; MARGIN-BOTTOM: 0pt; TEXr birthday. 我们要给她开个生日庆祝会。
16. get doing (1) 继续做某事。如:Get moving, please. (不要停下)请往前走。(2) 开始做起某事来。如:Soon I got talking to her. 很快我就同她谈起话来了。We got chatting and discovered that we’d been at college together. 我们聊起天来才发现我们原来在大学是同学。
17. get done
(1) 被……。如:He got caught for speeding. 他因超速而被抓住。Some glasses got broken when we were moving. 我们在搬家时有些玻璃杯被打破了。(2) 处于某种状态eight: normal">Soon he got dressed and went out. 他很快穿好衣服出去了。Don’t get excited about it. 不要为此事激动。
18. get sb sth / get sth for sb sth / 为某人弄到某物。如:Let’s get them something to eat. 咱们先给他们弄点东西吃。Will you get me a ticket? / Will you get a ticket for me? 你能为我弄张票吗?
19. get sb (sth) to . do sth 做某人(某事物)做某事。如:You must get them to come over here. 你必须想法让他们到这儿来。He couldn’t get the car to start and went by bus. 他因无法发动车子,所以就乘公共汽车去。他
20. get sb (sth) doing sth 使某人(某事物)(开始)起来。如:What he said got us thinking. 他说话使我们思考起来。Can you get the clock going again? 你能让这钟重新走起来吗?
21. get sth done 使某事被做。如:Go and get your hair cut. 去把头发理了。You must get the work done by Friday. 你必须最迟在星期五以前把工作做完。注:有时表示遭遇。如:He got his watch stolen. 他的表被偷了。He got his fingers caught in the doorGIN-BOTTOM: 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; LINE-HEIGHT:. 他的手指让门给夹住了。
22. get to do sth (1) 开始做某事。如:I got to know him in 1995. 我是1995年认识他的。You’ll like her once you get to know her. 你一旦了解她你就喜欢她的。(2) 有机会做某事,设法做成某事。如:He never got to go to college. 他从无机会上大学。He never got to go university.
How did you get to be captain? 你是怎样当上船长的?