根据语法要求,把谓语动词置于主语前,称为完全倒装,把助动词或情态动词置于主语前,称为部分倒装。

1.副词如:in, out, down, there, here, off, over, away, etc. 句子倒装。(完全倒装,但主语不能是代词)
Down jumped the murderer from the tenth floor.
In came Miss Green.
特别注意:当主语是人称代词时不倒装。
Away she went! (她走了!)
Here you are! (你在这儿!)

2.only + 副词(介词短语)位于句首,句子要倒装。
Only then did he realize that he was mistaken.
Only by working hard can we succeed in doing anything.

3.well, so, often, such, few, little 放于句首,句子形成倒装。
So fine was the weather that we all went out lying in the sun.
Well did I know him and well did he know me.

4.否定词或具有否定意义的词及词组用在句首时,句子须倒装。此类词有: neither,nor,hardly,scarcely, rarely,seldom,not,never,not only,barely,at no time,nowhere等。
— Jack could not swim.
— Neither could Tom.
Never have I seen such a good movie.

5.as引导让步状语从句,须倒装。(准确地说,是将需要强调的词提到as的前面。)
Rich as he is, he spends a cent on charity.
Try as he does, he never seems able to do the work beautifully.

6.在表示祝愿的句子中。
May you make greater progress! (愿你取得更大进步!)

7.在虚拟条件句中,连词if省略时,句型要倒装,即将were, had, should等词提到句首。
Were I you, I would go abroad to take advanced study.
我要是你,就出国进修了。
Should he come tomorrow, he would help us to settle the problem.
他要是明天来的话,他会帮我们解决这个问题的。

8.百分特例重点:
Much as we may pride ourselves on our good taste, we are no longer free to choose the things we want.