III. Reading Comprehension

Section A 

Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.

Have you ever heard of cryosurgery?Cryosurgery involves freezing tissues to extremely cool temperatures. It is a procedure in which ____50_____body tissues are destroyed by ___51____ them to extremely cold temperatures. The temperatures used range from -150℃to absolute zero. The surgical procedure freezes unhealthy tissue, and the freezing destroys the ___52___. For external injuries, liquid nitrogen(氮), which has a temperature of -196℃, is applied ___53___ to the cells. For ___54___ tumors(肿瘤), liquid nitrogen is circulated ___55___an instrument called a cryoprobe(冷冻探针), a low-temperature scalpel or probe cooled by liquid nitrogen.

How does cryosurgery destroy cells?The ice created by the liquid nitrogen will destroy nearly all cells it ___56___ in contact with. As ice forms around a cell, the free water inside the cell is ____57____. This causes the cell to shrink and the walls or membranes inside the cell to collapse. Poisonous proteins or chemicals within the cell are released. ___58____ , as the ice around shrunken cells begins to __59__, large amounts of free water rush back inside the cells, causing them to burst. The dead cells are then removed through normal ___60__process .

How well does cryosurgery work?The___61___has proved successful in removing hemorrhoids some tumors. Cryosurgery may be used __62__to remove freckles (for cosmetic reasons) and to treat some skin cancers. It is also used in the treatment of bone cancer to freeze internal bone cavities. Cryosurgery has evolved from the ___63___ attempts to freeze tissue with a salt-ice mixture in the 1850s to the complicated cryoprobe method used today. Despite its success, side effects from cryosurgery tend to be worse if it is done in men who have already had radiation ___64___, and therefore this kind of new surgery is not fit for everyone.

50.A. healthy B. abnormal C. normal D. lively

51.A. exposing B. applying C. adaping D. leading

52.A. tissues B. proteins C. chemicals D.cells

53.A. completely B.directly C. rapidly D.slowly

54.A. Unhealthy B. internal C. external D.heaithy

55.A. floated B. collapsed C. Circulated D. moved

56.A. keeps B. comes C. stays D. loses

57.A. drawn of B. made out C. made up D. drawn away

58.A . Gradually B. Eventually C. Immediately D. Slowly

59.A . recover B. shrink C. melt D.grow

60.A . bodily B. mentally C. chemical D. surgical

61.A . practice B. procedure C. development D. circulation

62.A . as well B. as if C. as for D. as long as

63.A . last B.wrong C.first D.right

64.A .method B. removal C. operation D.therapy 

Section B

Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. 

(A)

In the current economic downturn, many American schools are adding a new subject to the curriculum(课程); financial literacy. One program in Virginia even gets students out of the classroom for a day to learn how far their money will go in the real world. What looks like a shopping mall is actually an educational field trip experience for a group of young people. Finance Park is a special facility where students apply what they have been taught in class about money management. “They become, essentially, adults for the day,” says Alice Reilly, social studies coordinator for Fairfax County Public Schools. “They are asked to develop a budget for 18 line items that you and I might have in our budget; things like utilities, insurance, groceries, housing.” Each budget item is represented by a storefront where students collect an option sheet. Students must refer to a card that shows their income and their family size, when they choose what to buy. There’s also a stock ticker so students can keep track of shares in their portfolios(投资组合).

The facility opened last year in Fairfax, Virginia. It is the fifteenth Finance Park built in the last decade by Junior Achievement USA, a non-profit organization dedicated to preparing young people for financial success. “Since the financial crisis, the demand for Finance Parks around the country has grown exponentially," says Ed Grenier, president of the Washington, DC chapter. "We have a number under way in the planning and building stages.” Financial literacy has only recently become part of the regular curriculum in Fairfax County.“Some students, some teachers, some schools did it, but now it is much more systematic," Reilly says, "and it is much more consistent to ensure that all students get this background information.” That is why every eighth grade student in Fairfax County will eventually spend a day here.Thirteen-year-old Sam says she has learned an important life lesson. “I didn’t know how expensive everything would be.” Anthony, also 13, is looking forward to telling his parents what he learned. “I’ll probably tell them I want to stay a kid a little longer and take my time to become an adult.”

This isn’t the end of financial studies for Anthony and the other students here. Virginia is one of 13 states which requires students to take a financial education in high school in order to graduate.

65.What is the aim of this Finance Park?

A . To raise enough money for the secondary schools in Virginia.

B. To enable students to apply money management knowledge to practice.

C. To provide students in Virginia with special chances for Advanced Placement.

D. To direct students in Washington,D.C. to learn more about money management.

66.Who is expected to spend a whole day in the Finance Park?

A .Young people all over Virginia.

B. Junior students in Washington,D.C.

C. Eighth graders in Fairfax County.

D. Eighth graders' parents in Virginia.

67.What can we learn from this passage?

A . Extra curriculum is necessary in secondary schools.

B. Fairfax County Public Schools set a good example.

C. An organization helps youth in U.S. for financial success.

D. Financial Literacy is very popular in Washington,D.C.

68.It can be inferred from the passage that _________________.

A . Alice Reilly developed a budget for 18 items in the Finance Park.

B. ED Grenier was against building more finance parks in U.S.A.

C. Sam did quite well in managing his budge in the Finance Park.

D. Anthony came to know that adult life wasn't as good as expected.

(B)

The American Family Immigration History Center is an exciting new interactive area at the Ellis Island Immigration Museum where more than 100 million Americans may search for their family’s beginnings in the New World. Now, for the first time, the passengers records of the ships that landed some 22 million immigrants, crewmembers and other passengers at the Port of New York and Ellis Island from 1892 to 1924 have been computerized, making it easier than ever to discover your own family history.

Five years in the making, the center was developed and funded by the Statue of the Liberty-Ellis Island Foundation, Inc., which was responsible for the restoration and preservation of the Statue of the Liberty and Ellis Island, and the creation of the Immigration Museum.

For visitors to the Museum, the excitement begins at a welcoming kiosk where you can enter ancestors’ names and see if their arrival records are included in the database and are available in the History Center in the Museum’s West Wing. Once inside the Center itself, in the very place where your ancestors (grand-grandparents) may have ended their long journey, you and your family can log on the one of 41 computers, type in name, and, within seconds, set in motion your own special journey of discovery.

Imagine the excitement you’ll share with your family as you use the latest technology to sort through a vast computerized archive(档案馆) with millions of records, and see your family’s own personal story in America come to life before your eyes.

Millions of hours were spent creating this vast database and, if you find your ancestors’ names, you’ll discover answers to questions you’ve always wondered about… What ship did my family members take? When did they arrive? How old were they? Were they married? Then, take these valuable records and create your own Family History Scrapbook, preserving forever the story of the past while keeping the legacy of your family alive.

69.Why is it easier for visitors to find their family histories in the History Center?

A . More clerks are employed there.

B. All of its documents are computerized.

C. Facilities of the museum are restored.

D. Workers are more creative than before.

70.Who sponsors the restoration of the American Family Immigration History Center?

A. Families whose family histories are kept here.

B.National Park Service in the United States.

C.Local government and visitors to the Museum.

D.The Statue of Liberty-Ellis Island Foundation, Inc.

71.The word "kiosk" in the passage is most probably_______________.

A . a museum assistant B. an advertisement C. a self-service device D. a receptionist