In early autumn I applied for applied for admission to college. I wanted to go nowhere but to Cornell University,but my mother fought strongly againsnst it. When she saw me studying a photograph of my father on the sports ground of Cornell,she tore it up.

“You can’t say it’s not a great university,just because Papa went there.”

“That’s not it at all.And it is a top university.”She was still holding the pieces in her hand. “But we can’t afford to send you to college.”

“I wouldn’t dream of asking you for money.Do you want me to get a job to help suppont you and Papa?Things aren’t that bad,are they?”

“No,”she said. “I don’t expect you to help support us.”

Father borrowed money form his rich cousins to start a small jewellery shop,His chief customers were his old college friends.To get new customers,my mother had to help.She picked up a long-forgotten membership in the local league of women,so that she cound get to know more people. Whether those people would turn into customers was another question. I knew that my Parents had to wait for quite a long time before their small investment (投资) could show returns.What’s more ,they had not wanted enough to be roch and successful ;otherwise they cound not possibly have managed their lives so badly.

I was torn between the desave to help them and change,their lives,and the determinstion not to repeat their mistakes.I had a strong belief in my power to go what I wanted.After months of hard study I won a full college scholarship(奖学金).My father could hardly contain his pride in me,and my mother eventually gave in before my success.

53.The author was not allowed to go to Cornell University mainly because

father grduated from the university

mother did not thinks it a great university

parents needed him to help support the family

parents did not have enough money for him

54.The father srarted his small shop with the money from          .

A.a local league                 university

relatives                   college friends

55.Why did the mother renew her membership in the league?      

A.To help with her husband’s business   B.To raise money for her son

C.To meet her long-forgotten friends     D.To better manage her life

56.According to the text,what was the author determined to do in that autumn? 

A.To get a well-paid job for himself

B.To improve relations with his mother

C.To go to his dream university

D.To carry on with his father’s business


Ever since they were first put on the market in the early 1990s, gentically mondified (GM, 转基因) foods have been increasingly developed and marketed in many countries in the word,mainly on the basis of their promise to end the worldwide food crisis. But can GM technology solve world hunger problems? Even if it would ,is it the best solutiorr?

Despite what it promiises,GM  technology actually has not increased the production potential    of any corp. In fact, Studies show that the most  crown GM croo,GM soybeans, has suffered reduced productivity. For instance, a report than analysed nearly two decades of research on mojor GM food crops shows that GM engineering has failed to significantly increase US crop production.

Something else, however, has been on the rise, While GM seeds are expensive, GM companics tell farmers that they will make good profits by saving money on pesticides(杀虫剂). On the contrary, US government data show that GM crops in the US have produced an overall increase in pesticide use compared to traditional crops. “ The  promise was that you could use less chemicals and boost production. But nether is true,” said Bill Christison, President of the US National Farm Coalition.

At the same time, the authors of the book World Hunger: Twelve Myths argue that there actually is more than enough food in the world and that the hunger crisis is not caused by production, but by problems in food distribution and politics. These indeed deserve our efforts and money. Meanwhile, the rise in food prices results from the increased use of crops for fuel rather than food, according to a 2008 World Bank report.

As a matter of fact ,scientists see better ways to feed the world. Another World Bank report concluded that GM crops have little to offer to the challenges of worldwide poverty and hunger, because better ways out are available, among which “green” farming is supposed to be the first choice.

57.The author develops the second paragraph mainly       .            

A. by classification                       B. by comparison

C. by example                              D. by process

58. What does the underlined word “boost ” in the third paragraph probably mean?

A. Control.       B. Evaluate            C. Obtain.          D. Increase.

59. GM companies promise farmers that they will benefit from ______________.   

A. practicing “green” farming            B. use of less chemicals

C. fair distribution of their crops          D. using more crops for fuel

60. Which of the following best describes the attitude of the author towards GM technology?

A. Optimistic     B. Defensive        C. Disapproving      D. Casual