基础先来一发,错过《英语学习精华:别说你懂新概念!(上)》的同学快补上!

五、不只是语法:西式思维模式窥探
那么今天再接着讲一下,西式思维的内容。新2的西式思维是比较简单的,但是却是适合大部分的现在的同学。很多同学现在讲不出来,什么是西式思维。所以今天咱们先了解一下。

大家再来看一下这篇文章。好,刚才咱们语法的时候,三句话讲什么了,谁还记得?很清楚的知道先讲什么,后讲什么?好,没有就对了。
Dreams of finding lost treasure almost came true recently.A new machine called 'The Revealer' has been invented and it has been used to detect gold which has been buried in the ground.The machine was used in a cave near the seashore where--it is said--pirates used to hide gold.The pirates would often bury gold in the cave and then fail to collect it.Armed with the new machine, a search party went into the cave hoping to find buried treasure.The leader of the party was examining the soil near the entrance to the cave when the machine showed that there was gold under the ground.Very excited, the party dug a hole two feet deep.They finally found a small gold coin which was almost worthless.The party then searched the whole cave thoroughly but did not find anything except an empty tin trunk.In spite of this, many people are confident that 'The Revealer' may reveal something of value fairly soon.

1.从面到点,从主到次
Dream of finding lost treasure almost came true recently.
(文章想表达的最核心、最抽象的内容)

A new machine called"The Revealer"has been invented and it has been used to detect gold which has been buried in the ground.
(对于第一句话的具体化解释)

The machine was used in a cave near the seashore where - it is said - pirates used to hide gold.The pirates would often bury gold in the cave and then fail to collect it.
(开始故事,先铺垫背景)


2.“从面到点,从主到次”,这个是最基本的西式思维。
① 对于中国人来说,很喜欢开始“顾左右而言他”,最终再点出说话的最终目的。

② 但是西方人喜欢上来就直指主题。看这篇文章的标题:NOT A GOLD MINE,就是告诉你:这不是个金矿。那么大家在看课文叙述的逻辑,第一句话就告诉你,有个机器发明出来之后,去找黄金了,但是没找到。然后再往下,才开始细节的叙述,这到底是怎么一个过程和故事。
这就是西方人的叙述模式。

③ 所以在日常中跟老外讲话,假如你是个学生,老外问你:你现在学了几门科目啊?然后中国人会回答:X门,XX、XX、XX和XX,这就是典型的中式思维,一下就把所有信息说完,老外跟你聊不下去了。那么如果是西式思维则会回答:我学了很多啊,很全面啊。然后XXX,怎样怎样,BALABALA……聊起来就很多话。大家清楚这期间的区别了吧?

3.故事分析
Armed with the new machine,a search party went into the cave hoping to fine buried treasure.The leader of the party was examining the soil near the entrance to the cave when the machine showed that there was gold under the ground.Very excited,the party dug a hole two feet deep.They finally found a small gold coin which was almost worthless.The party then searched the whole cave thoroughly but did not find anything except an empty tin trunk.
(整个故事,百分百细节)

In spite of this, many people are confident that 'The Revealer' may reveal something of value fairly soon.
(结尾点题,增加艺术性)

六、外国人写作思考过程
咱们回到文章上来,接下来一大段,叙述了整个过程最细节的内容。然后结尾,用一句话提升了一点艺术性。
整体来看,大家就清楚写文章的老外就是这样思考的过程。

1.almost
2.The revealer,invent,detect
3.a cave,pirates,fail to collect
4.......
5.confident,value

最后,如果我们尝试自己复述这个故事,你会写下来几个关键词。
有了关键词,就会很容易按照整体的脉络复述下来。

七、小试牛刀
1.一支用这种新机器装备起来的探宝队进入了这个岩洞,希望找到埋藏着的金子。
2.这名男子被捕后,承认在他离开伦敦之前就已经藏身于这个箱子里了。 

讲师简介: 

周立
上海爱唯(IVY)常菁藤国际课程学习中心教学总监,
华东师范大学哲学系毕业,著名英语考试教学专家,
上海教育电视台五星体育英语节目特邀嘉宾,
集团托雅教学总监,主编、参编8本口语以及写作类畅销书,教授各类学生累积超过七万人次,
以条理清晰、风趣幽默而深受学生喜爱和追捧。
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