Yamaha has grown to become the world's largest manufacturer of musical instruments (including pianos, "silent" pianos, drums, guitars, brass instruments, woodwinds, violins, violas, celli, and vibraphones), as well as a leading manufacturer of semiconductors, audio/visual, computer related products, sporting goods, home appliances, specialty metals and industrial robots.

Yamaha Corporation was established in 1887 as a piano and reed organ manufacturer by Torakusu Yamaha in Hamamatsu, Shizuoka prefecture and was incorporated on October 12, 1897. The company's origins as a musical instrument manufacturer are still reflected today in the group's logo—a trio of interlocking tuning forks.

After World War II, company president Genichi Kawakami repurposed the remains of the company's war-time production machinery and the company's expertise in metallurgical technologies to the manufacture of motorcycles. The YA-1 (AKA Akatombo, the "Red Dragonfly"), of which 125 were built in the first year of production (1954), was named in honour of the founder. It was a 125cc, single cylinder, two-stroke, street bike patterned after the German DKW RT125 (which the British munitions firm, BSA, had also copied in the post-war era and manufactured as the Bantam and Harley-Davidson as the Hummer). In 1955, the success of the YA-1 resulted in the founding of Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd., splitting the motorcycle division from the company.
第二次世界大战后,总裁川上健一(Genichi Kawakami)将战时公司机械生产的残骸和在冶金技术方面的专业知识重新用于摩托车制造。YA-1(又名Akatombo,简称“红蜻蜓”)在创建的第一年(1954年)就被建造了125架,以其创始人的名字命名。这是一辆仿照德国DKW RT125(战后时代,英国军火公司BSA也仿制过这款车,并生产出奔腾以及哈雷悍马)的125 cc单缸二冲程的街车。1955年,YA-1的成功推动了了雅马哈摩托车有限公司的成立,标志着其摩托车部门从公司单独拆分出来。

Also, in 1954 the Yamaha Music School was founded.

Yamaha made the first commercially successful digital synthesizer, the Yamaha DX7, in 1983.
1983年,雅马哈制造出了第一辆成功的商用数字合成器——雅马哈 DX7。

In 1988, Yamaha shipped the world's first CD recorder. Yamaha purchased Sequential Circuits in 1988. It bought a majority stake (51%) of competitor Korg in 1987, which was bought out by Korg in 1993.
1988年,雅马哈推出了世界上第一台 CD 刻录机,在1988年收购了时序电路。 它还在1987年收购了竞争对手 Korg 的多数股权(51%),但Korg在1993年赎回了股权。

In the late 1990s, Yamaha released a series of portable battery operated keyboards under the PSS and the PSR range of keyboards. The Yamaha PSS-14 and PSS-15 keyboards were upgrades to the Yamaha PSS-7 and were notable for their short demo songs, short selectable phrases, funny sound effects and distortion and crackly sounds progressing on many volume levels when battery power is low.
在20世纪90年代末,雅马哈推出了一系列便携式电池操作下的 PSS 和 PSR 范围的键盘。雅马哈 PSS-14和 PSS-15键盘是对 PSS-7的升级,以其简短的演示歌曲和可选操作、有趣的声音效果以及电池电量低时发出的爆裂声音而著称。

In 2002, Yamaha closed down its archery product business that was started in 1959. Six archers in five different Olympic Games won gold medals using their products.It acquired German audio software manufacturer Steinberg in January 2005, from Pinnacle Systems.
2002年,雅马哈取消了始于1959年的射箭产品业务。五届奥运会的六名射箭运动员使用他们的产品赢得了金牌。它在2005年1月从 Pinnacle 系统公司收购了德国音频软件制造商 Steinberg。

In July, 2007, Yamaha bought out the minority shareholding of the Kemble family in Yamaha-Kemble Music (UK) Ltd, Yamaha's UK import and musical instrument and professional audio equipment sales arm, the company being renamed Yamaha Music U.K. Ltd in autumn 2007. Kemble & Co. Ltd, the UK piano sales & manufacturing arm was unaffected.
2007年7月,雅马哈收购了肯鲍家族在雅马哈—肯鲍音乐(英国)有限公司、雅马哈英国进口乐器及专业音响设备销售部门的少数股权,并于2007年秋更名为雅马哈音乐英国有限公司。 英国钢琴销售和制造部门肯鲍有限公司没有受到影响。

On December 20, 2007, Yamaha made an agreement with the Austrian Bank BAWAG P.S.K. Group BAWAG to purchase all the shares of Bösendorfer, intended to take place in early 2008. Yamaha intends to continue manufacturing at the Bösendorfer facilities in Austria. The acquisition of Bösendorfer was announced after the NAMM Show in Los Angeles, on January 28, 2008. As of February 1, 2008, Bösendorfer Klavierfabrik GmbH operates as a subsidiary of Yamaha Corp.
2007年12月20日,雅马哈与奥地利贝森朵夫钢琴厂达成意向,计划在2008年初收购贝森朵夫所有股份。雅马哈打算继续使用奥地利贝森朵夫的设备生产。2008年1月28日,在洛杉矶举办美国国际音乐制品展览会之后,宣布收购贝森朵夫钢琴厂。 截至2008年2月1日,贝森朵夫钢琴厂已成为雅马哈集团的子公司之一。

Yamaha Corporation is also widely known for their music teaching programme that began in the 1950s.

Yamaha electronics have proven to be successful, popular and respected products. For example, the Yamaha YPG-625 was awarded "Keyboard of the Year" and "Product of the Year" in 2007 from The Music and Sound Retailer magazine. Other noteworthy Yamaha electronics include the SHS-10 Keytar, a consumer-priced keytar which offered MIDI output features normally found on much more expensive keyboards.
事实证明雅马哈电子产品是成功的、流行的并且深受消费者欢迎。例如,雅马哈YPG-625在2007年被《音乐与声音零售商》杂志评为“年度键盘”和“年度产品”。雅马哈旗下其他值得一提的电子产品还包括SHS-10 Keytar,这是一种为消费者提供MIDI输出功能的价格昂贵的键盘。