来源：普特英语听力 2011-08-20 06:00
V. The People
Britain has a population of about 57 millions and it is very unevenly distributed. 90% of the population is urban and only 10% is rural. The population of Britain is made up mainly of the English (81.5%), the Scottish (9.6%), the Welsh (1.9%), the Irish (2.4%), the Northern Irish (1.8%) and other peoples (2.8%).
2.The difference between the ancestors of the English and Scots, Welsh and Irish:
The ancestors of the English are Anglo-Saxons, the Scots, Welsh and Irish are Celts.
3.The difference in character
The Welsh are emotional and cheerful people. They are music lovers and are proud of their past.
The Scots are said to be a serious, cautious and thrifty people, and they are also hospitable, generous and friendly.
The Irish are charm and vivacity.
4.The difference in speech between southern England and northern England:
Southerners speak the type of English close to BBC English; In northern England, regional speech is usually "broader" than that of southern England.
5.The Welsh keep their language and culture in this way:
Throughout the year they have festivals of song and dance and poetry called Eisteddfodau. The great event of the year is the National Eisteddfod. On these occasions competitions are held in Welsh poetry, music, singing and art.
6.The main problem in Northern Ireland:
The fight between the Protestants who are the dominant group, and the Roman Catholics, who are seeking more social, political and economic opportunities.
About three million have come to Britain to live and find work since World War II.