How to Improve Speed Reading Skills
Speed reading is one of many skills that can improve your reading comprehension and shorten your study time. Many scholars consider speed reading to be the same as skimming
, pointing out that you cannot speed read a text and expect the same amount of comprehension that you would get if you read it at a normal pace. However, skimming is a helpful tool in pre-reading and in reviewing texts, as well as in quickly gathering targeted information.
Method 1: Improving Your Speed Reading Techniques
Look at groups of words, not single words. If you read a text one word at a time, then this will slow your reading speed way down. However, if you can get into the habit of reading groups or chunks of words at one time, then you can read much faster.
Start by trying to look at a group of three or four words at once, then work up to looking at an entire line of words.
Focus on words that give the sentence meaning, such as the nouns and verbs and pay less attention to the filler words, such as “A, the, and, etc.”
重点关注那些赋予句子含义的词汇，比如名词和动词，并少关注“填充词汇”，比如“a, the, and”。
To see the biggest improvement in your speed reading skills, combine this technique with other speed reading techniques.
Read with your hands. Use your finger to push yourself through the page. As you read, move your hand left to right under the text as if underlining it. Move your hand at the speed which you would like to read. You may start by moving at a slightly faster pace than your ordinary reading, and speed up on subsequent readings.
While it used to be claimed that this use of the hand or finger "guided" the eye, it now appears that the finger sets the pace of reading rather than guiding its path. This is because it is difficult to pace the movements of your eyes, but easy to pace the movements of your hands.
You can also use a pen or other object to pace yourself.
Scan for keywords. Scanning is a highly effective way of extracting answers from a text without really reading it. If you know exactly what you are looking for—a name, a date, a statistic, or a specific word—you can find it quickly by skipping over large chunks of the text. To scan, first visualize the word, number, or phrase you would like to find. Then, run your eyes rapidly over the text. The information you are looking for should pop out at you.
扫描关键词。扫描是一种非常高效的使你不用仔细阅读就能提取文章重要信息的方法。如果你确定你在寻找什么内容- 一个名字，一个日期，一个数据，或者一个明确的单词- 你可以跳过大量文本而快速找到它。你需要首先设想好那个你想要找的单词、数字，或短语，然后用你的眼睛快速搜索文本中的关键词。这样，你想找的信息会很快出现在你眼前。
Try scanning with your hands or a pen, preferably a blue or black pen. Experiment with shapes to see which gets you the quickest results.
Chunk the material. One of the reasons you read slowly is that you have to pause sometimes to understand what a passage is saying. You might also have to go back and reread things you have already read. To improve your speed reading, try to pause for reflection only at the end of a reading session (i.e. after about 15 to 20 minutes) or after finishing a section, such as chapter.
To check for comprehension at the end of every speed reading session, write down keywords, or just summarize what you read in a few sentences or by explaining it to someone. This will help you keep to improve your comprehension, and it will also help you to retain information better.
Method 2: Trying the SQR3 method
Survey the text. Before you read, read all titles, chapter and section headings, subheadings, and any charts, graphs, diagrams, questions, and summaries you can find.
If you are reading a text without these things, you might consider reading the first and last sentence of every paragraph or chapter to get an idea of the material the text is covering.
Write questions. Write down any questions you hope your reading will answer. You will comprehend more if you go into the text knowing what you want to learn. If you are not sure what you want to learn, go through and turn every chapter heading, section title, etc. into a question. Try to guess what the text will teach you: ask yourself the question you think the text might answer.
If you like, add further questions while you read.
Recite the answers. Now that you've read, you should be able to answer the questions you asked yourself. Answer all the questions you have read. You do not have to write them down (unless that is your assignment), just recite them aloud.
If you are pausing after each section, make sure you can recite the answer to that section before you move on to the next. If you cannot, go back and skim it again.
If you feel you made an error in the framing of one of your questions, reframe
it so that you can answer it.
Method 3: Setting Yourself Up for Success
Expand your vocabulary. Running into words you don't know is one of the great bogs of speed reading. You're likely to get stuck on words with meanings you don't know, and likely to miss key information. To expand your vocabulary, read more. When you don't know a word, look it up.
If you are reading a certain genre of text, such as a medical textbook, it will help to study basic medical jargon
before you start reading.
Reading broadly in the fields that interest you will expand your vocabulary.
Take notes. If comprehension is your goal, then processing what you just wrote is your best tool. After you've completed your speed reading of a text, take some time to reflect on it. Write down key ideas, discuss them with a friend, or just free-write about your impressions.
Don't make marks or highlight the text—this will interfere
with your speed reading, and it may distract you from the information you are trying to absorb