Part II. Cloze Test (10 points20 minutes)

Directions: Read the passage through. Then, go back and choose one suitable word or phrase marked A, B, C, or D for each blank in the passage. Blacken the corresponding letter of the word or phrase you have chosen on the

Answer Sheet.

As it came near the corner, the taxi stopped suddenly. The driver got out looking very  21  . A big lorry which had been   22   the taxi stopped too. The taxi driver was now standing at the corner looking up at the sky   23   the lorry driver went to   24   him. A number of cars behind were   25   to stop as well and soon a large crowd of people   26   gathered at the corner.

The   27   of all this trouble was a very strange   28  . It sounded as if thousands and thousands of   29   were singing together. The noise was quite   30   and many people looked disturbed. The most extraordinary thing was that, apart from one or two pigeons,   31   was not a bird in sight. No one was able to solve the mystery   32   two policemen arrived. They noticed a large advertisement   33   afilm high up on a wall nearby.   34   the noise seemed to be coming   35   this direction, they climbed up and found that a tape-recorder had been hidden   36   the advertisement. The noise made by birds singing was being broadcast over powerful loudspeakers so as to   37   the attention of passers-by. The police asked the   38   to take the recorder away because the advertisement had attracted   39   much attention that it was   40   for a great many cars and buses to move freely in the street.

21. A. puzzled                   B. unhappy                 C. tired                D. guilty

22. A. pushing         B. leading                   C. following     D. guiding

23. A. but                    B. yet                     C. and              D. so

24. A. share           B. connect                  C. join              D. charge

25. A. agreed          B. determined               C. forced        D. persuaded

26. A. having          B. has              C. have              D. had

27. A. result                    B. point                    C. effect         D. cause

28. A. case            B. noise                    C. thing             D. picture

29. A. cocks                  B. children                  C. birds      D. tape-recorders

30. A. exciting                   B. interesting           C. convincing  D. frightening

31. A. there                    B. here                     C. it                D. that

32. A. before                   B. until                     C. when             D. after

33. A. for                      B. in                      C. to            D. by

34. A. When                  B. Before                  C. After             D. As

35. A. in                      B. to                      C. into         D. from

36. A. behind                  B. over                    C. above         D. on

37. A. pay              B. give                     C. attract             D. attack

38. A. managers                B. advertisers                 C. drivers        D. passers-by

39. A. too                     B. this                      C. such              D. so

40. A. impassable                B. impossible    C. improper D. unnecessary

Part III. Reading Comprehension (40 points; 55 minutes)

Section 1

Directions: Each of the following three passages is followed by some questions. For each question there are four choices. Choose the best answer to each question. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Passage One

Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage.

For the past twenty years, poll-takers (民意测验者) have told us that the vast majority of Americans report that they are “satisfied” or “very satisfied” with their jobs. But, when the surveys pose a slightly different question—“If you had to do it over, would you choose the same line of work?”—sixty percent of working Americans say they would choose another occupation. This seems to tell us that Americans feel that they are supposed to like their jobs but, in reality, they don’t. Most of us are stuck in jobs we’d prefer not to have. And some of us actually hate what we do.

How does this happen in a land where citizens are presumably free to do, and become, anything they want? First of all, some of us didn’t deliberately choose our jobs but simply fell into them. Later, there was never time to find out what we really wanted to do.

Another reason people dislike their jobs is the result of a change in the American economy. A hundred years ago most Americans worked for themselves on farms or in small stores and workshops. Now, less than 10 percent of us are self-employed. Many of us work as cogs (轮牙) in the wheels of giant corporations. We don’t make a finished product with our own hands, and we feel that we are totally replaceable parts in the machine. Social scientists say that the happiest workers are the ones who are their own bosses—business owners, executives, and professionals. Working for a big company often results in a sense of powerlessness and malaise. Finally, being a member of the baby boom generation increases the chances of job dissatisfaction. In the struggle for careers among the members of this large population “bulge”, many people are losing out in the competition. These individuals may never achieve the standard of living their parents achieved, or go as far up the success ladder as they had hoped. The result is bitterness, and a feeling of being trapped in a “nowhere” job.

41. The best title for this selection is __________.

A. Job Satisfaction

B. Why People Hate Their Jobs

C. Nowhere Jobs

D. A Change in the Workplace

42. Which sentence best expresses the main idea of the selection? __________.

A. Job burnout is a growing problem

B. Large companies provide many benefits for workers

C. Workers are unhappy because they no longer work with their hands

D. There are several reasons why workers are unhappy with their jobs

43. According to the passage, the majority of Americans __________.

A. would choose another occupation if they could begin again

B. are self-employed

C. feel that they are supposed to dislike their jobs

D. work in factories

44. The author implies that __________.

A. job dissatisfaction is a sign of laziness

B. the baby-boomers despise their parents

C. polls can be misleading

D. working for a corporation is very satisfying

45. The word “malaise” (Line7, Para. 3) means __________.

A. depression                      B. fulfillment    

C. contentment                   D. significance