作者: Summer. | 2020年09月28日 05:00 | 3 人觉得有用
Asking for permission to do something takes many different forms. Perhaps you need to get permission to do something at work, or perhaps you need to ask a friend for permission to use one of her possessions, or maybe you need to ask the teacher if you can leave room for a moment or two. Remember to use polite forms when asking for permission to do something or use an object as you are asking a favor of that person.
How to Ask for Permission in English
Can I + verb (very informal)
Can I + 动词 (非常不正式)
Can I go out tonight?
Can he have dinner with us?
NOTE: The use of "Can I do something?" is very informal, and considered incorrect by many. However, it is used in everyday informal speech and for that reason has been included.
注意：使用“Can I do something?”非常不正式，许多人认为它不正确。然而，它被用于日常的非正式讲话，因此也被包括在内。
May I + verb
May I + 动词
May I have another piece of pie?
May we go out with our friends tonight?
NOTE: Traditionally, the use of "May I do something?" has been used for asking permission. In modern society, this form has become a little more formal and is often replaced with other forms such as "Can I..." and "Could I ..." Many argue that "Can I ..." is incorrect because it refers to ability. However, this form is quite common in everyday, spoken situations.
注意：习惯上，使用“May I do something?”用于请求许可。在现代社会中，这种形式变得更加正式，并且经常被其他形式所取代，比如“Can I...”和“Could I...”，许多人认为“Can I...”是不正确的，因为它指的是能力。然而，这种形式在日常口语情境中非常常见。
Could I please + verb
Could I please + 动词
Could I please go with Tom to the movie?
Could we please go on trip this weekend?
Do you think I could + verb
Do you think I could + 动词
Do you think I could use your cell phone?
Do you think I could borrow your car?
Would it be possible for me + infinitive
Would it be possible for me + 不定式
Would it be possible for me to use your computer for a few minutes?
Would it be possible for to study in this room?
Would you mind if I + verb in past
Would you mind if I + 动词过去式
Would you mind if I stayed a few more minutes?
Would you mind if I took a five minute break?
Would you mind my + verb + ing + your + object
Would you mind my + 动词ing + your + object
Would you mind my using your cellphone?
Would you mind my playing your piano?
How to Grant Permission in English
If you would like to say "yes" to someone who asks permission, you can give permission using these phrases. The first three are more informal, while the fourth is formal.
Go right ahead.
Please feel free + infinitive
Please feel free + 不定式
Please feel free to eat something.
How to Politely Refuse a Favor/Deny Permission
Saying 'no', is never fun, but sometimes it's necessary. See the conversations below for some examples.
I'm afraid I'd prefer if you didn't / don't.
Sorry, but I'd rather you not do that.
Unfortunately, I need to say no.
I'm afraid that's not possible.
When denying permission, people will sometimes instead offer to help in other ways, using the words "how about" and "instead" to offer alternatives.
I'm afraid I can't let you borrow my car, but I could drive you instead.
I can't babysit your daughter. How about I call my sitter for you instead?
I wish I could help out, maybe another time.
Sample Dialogues for Practice: Asking for Permission Which Is Given
Jack: Hi Sam, do you think I could use your cell phone for a moment?
Sam: Sure, no problem. Here you are.
Jack: Thanks buddy. It will only be a minute or two.
Sam: Take your time. No rush.
Student: Would it be possible for me to have a few more minutes to review before the quiz?
Teacher: Please feel free to study for a few more minutes.
Student: Thank you very much.
Teacher: No problem. Do you have any questions in particular?
Student: Uh, no. I just need to review things quickly.
Teacher: OK. We'll begin in five minutes.
Student: Thank you.
Example Situations: Asking for Permission Which Is Denied
Employee: Would you mind if I came in late to work tomorrow?
Boss: I'm afraid I'd prefer if you didn't.
Employee: Hmmm. What if I work overtime tonight?
Boss: Well, I really need you for the meeting tomorrow. Is there any way you can do whatever it is you need to do later.
Employee: If you put it that way, I'm sure I can figure something out.
Boss: Thanks, I appreciate it.
Son: Dad, can I go out tonight?
Father: It's a school night! I'm afraid that's not possible.
Son: Dad, all my friends are going to the game!
Father: I'm sorry son. Your grades haven't been the best recently. I'm going to have to say no.
Son: Ah, Dad, come on! Let me go!
Father: Sorry son, no is no.