Part B: Listening and Translation

1) Sentence Translation

1. We are fortunate to have strong relationships with a wide variety of corporate partners in the US and worldwide. Our corporate partners hire our students for permanent jobs and summer internships.

幸运的是,我们与美国乃至全球的众多公司都有良好的合作伙伴关系。无论是正式工作,还是暑期实习岗位,我们的公司合作伙伴都会雇佣我们的学生。

2.Don't give up your day job. Lack of money is the worst part of any artist career, and having another form of income is the best thing an artist could have.

不要放弃你的白天正式工作。对于任何艺术家而言,缺钱是最糟糕的,而有另一份收入则是最佳方案。

3.In addition to health and environmental concerns, my primary reasons for being a vegetarian is animal rights and spirituality. With regards to animal rights, I shuddered to think of how animals are abused on today's factory farms.

除了健康与环境方面的考虑之外,我之所以会成为素食主义者的主要原因,是动物权利以及精神状态。就动物权利而言,一想到现如今的工厂化农场里动物是如何遭到虐待,我就不寒而栗。

4.The local shares index has dropped sharply towards the 3000 mark. Dealers say that the market is a little depressed, and a lot of people have pulled out because they felt nervous about corporate profits.

本地股指骤降,直逼3000点大关。交易员认为市场出于低迷状态,很多人因担忧公司利润而选择离场。

5.A total of 442 manufacturers from over 10 countries, including Singapore, India, the Philippines, Germany, and the United Kindom set up 560 booths to showcase their latest range of merchandises.

来自新加坡、印度、菲律宾、德国、英国等10多个国家的共计442家生产商,设立560个展位,来展示他们的最新系列产品。

2) Passage Translation

1.Perhaps most of us would fly into a rage when hearing that we're similar to a monkey. But in fact, we do share many fundamental characteristics with a monkey. From the point of view of evolution, men originated millions of years ago from the anthropoid, a species commonly referred to as the ape man. Besides, the resemblance of the social organizational pattern between man and monkey is conspicuous. Men are gregarious and generally live in groups, and monkeys also live, play and act together and are led by a monkey king, which has an absolute authority over the other monkeys.

如果有人说你象猴子,恐怕我们中绝大多数人都会勃然大怒。但事实上,我们与猴子有很多重要的相似之处。从进化的观点来看,人类起源于几百万年前的类人猿,通常又称作猿人。除此之外,人类与猴子在社会组织架构方面也存在着明显的相似之处。人类是群居的动物,猴子也是成群地生活、玩耍和行动,且由一只猴王统领,猴王对其它猴子有着绝对权威。

2. There are different kinds of social relationships. These include relationships with spouses, close friends, siblings and work colleagues as well as relationships between work subordinates and their superiors. Sociologists have done a series of investigations in different countries in the world. These researchers discovered five universal rules that apply to over a half of all these relationships. One, respect the other's privacy. Two, look the other person in the eye during conversation. Three, do not discuss what has been said in confidence with the other person. Four, do not criticize the other person publically. Five, repay debts, favors or compliments no matter how small.

有多种不同的社会关系,包括配偶、好友、兄弟姐妹、同事,以及工作中的上下级关系等。社会学家在全球各国开展了一系列调查。研究人员发现,有5条基本准则适用于一半以上的社会关系。一,尊重他人的隐私。二,在谈话时直视他人的眼睛。三,不要讨论与他人私下交流的东西。四,不要当众批评他人。五,欠他人的债务和人情,以及接受他人的赞扬,无论多么微不足道,都要还。

Section 5: Reading Test

Question 1---3

1. Joe harberg,46, a Dallas-based entrepreneur, previously had worked as marketing expert and real estate developer. He managed to build an energy-efficient home. In 2003, he was constructing a new home in Dallas and wanted to work with his builder to make the place as environmentally friendly as possible. With the success of his energy-saving efforts, he found the opportunity in launching his own energy-efficient business. Working with his brother-in-law, he helped launch what would become Current Energy, a business providing needed expertise in energy-saving.

2. Current Energy is a business co-launched by Harberg and his brother-in-law. It is probably the first dedicated energy-efficiency retail store in the US. Shoppers can buy energy-saving gadgets. The store itself is "green cool". Besides selling gadgets, it also offers services. Homeowners who come to it can order an energy audit, an analysis of how to eliminate energy and water waste. After receiving the report, customers can follow as many of the recommendations as they wish. People who live outside Dallas will soon be able to get energy assessment from currentenergy.com and the company will work with licensed auditors in your town to carry out the improvement.

3. Current Energy does provide customers with energy-saving gadgets and services. But maximizing the efficiency in our homes is more than that. One measure taken here may cause problems and troubles somewhere else. Energy efficiency should be holistic, with insulation appliances, lighting and clean electricity all working together.

Question 4---6

4. Carlo Ratti launched a very interesting research about globalization. Working with data from AT&T, (the US telecommunications operator), he and his team at MIT have developed luminous and fluctuating maps that show how international phones calls and data traffic travel between New York. As flows of telecommunications data change, arcs of light, glowing dots and landmasses expand and shrink. This research is a good approximate measure of globalization, giving a more complete picture of overall activity. (This research also shows the importance of New York in the era of globalization. When it is day in New York, callers in other time zones get up very early, or stay up very late, to talk to New York. And New York is also more important than other metropolitan cities like London.)

5. Maps of telecommunication are very helpful to airline industry. Since this industry is always looking for ways to better understand the degree of "connectedness" between cities. By observing the data flow between the two cities, route planners can improve their estimations of the number of likely passengers. This way of gauging potential profitability of a new route is much better than the traditional ways of estimation used by the industry.

6. Globalization losers are those countries left behind in the information age, mostly developing and underdeveloped countries. A well-developed telecommunications infrastructure can nudge populations in the developing world (globalization losers) toward not only wealth but also democracy. (When people are able to communicate wide and far and access information online, they see themselves as empowered stakeholders in a society that they can improve.) Phone networks are powerful tools for democracy and modernity because immigrants call family members and friends abroad to deliver eyewitness reports, unfiltered by media, of new ways of living. (Humanity has never been so connected.)

Question 7---10

7. The "hit-driven business" refers to Hollywood's film business in which every studio strives to make blockbusters which may become box offices hits. By the sentence "most studios bounce from box office hit to dud with depression regularity", the author refers to the dilemma confronted by most film-making companies in Hollywood. In order to make a film successful in revenue, they have to spend huge amount of money in its making. So it is a huge challenge for those companies to make profits.

8. To be appealing to audience, today's Hollywood blockbusters would employ huge amount of special effects which show film-makers' remarkable creativity but also are extremely costly. By this sentence, Gianopulos stresses Fox's rule in film making: creativity is important, but Fox spares no efforts in cutting costs.

9. Fox's hardballing measures on cost control start with development, which costs Fox 10% to 15% less than usual because it holds the line on costly rewrites. Fox rarely gives anyone (except for VIP individuals like Spielberg) a piece of the profits. It also set tough budgets and sticks with them. Special effects often consume a large part of an action film's budget. (Fox hired specialists to control the cost on them.) Fox would ask the special effects companies to compete with each other, so Fox can get the best prices. Fox's small budget films are also very successful in box offices. Fox also cuts a lot of costs on the marketing of a film.

10. Fox earns lots of money by its small budget films. For example, Little Miss Sunshine, with the budget of $15 million, was very successful in the box office. Juno, the cost is only $7.5 million, gains the revenue of $135 million-plus in the US alone.

Section 6: Translation Test

中国古代圣人孔子曾说过:"劳心者治人,劳力者治于人。"这句话反映了中国传统文化中人的地位等级的划分,也直接影响了人们对职业的选择。现代意义上的"白领阶层"是让人羡慕的对象,而"蓝领阶层"即使工资较高,仍有被人看不起的压力。

在中国,还有另外一句流传甚广的话,叫做"无商不奸",认为商人"唯利是图",与君子重义轻利的追求背道而驰,所以在传统文化中经商是被人看不起的职业,但是,随着社会主义市场经济的发展,从商"下海"已经变成许多年轻人择业时的第一选择。现代年轻人选择职业时,已较少传统的观念,更具有现代意识。

Confucius, the ancient Chinese sage, once remarked, "He who rules lives by mental perplexity; He who is ruled lives by physical labor". This remark reflected the distinct demarcation of social status in traditional Chinese cultural setting, which directly affected people's preferences in career choosing. The "white-collar" employees in the modern sense are the envy of the society, while "blue-collar" ones are under the pressure of being despised despite their sometimes higher salaries.

As another popular Chinese saying goes "no businessman trades without fraud", businessmen are generally believed to be solely oriented towards profit, shunning (discarding) all other virtues cherished by noble men who maintain that spiritual integrity should always outweigh monetary consideration. But the fast booming socialist market economy has today fashioned young people's choice in career, and traditional values have given way to modern mentalities (thoughts consciousness). Their primary choice would be venturing into the world of business.

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来源:昂立教育

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