Part B: Listening and Translation
1) Sentence Translation
1. We are fortunate to have strong relationships with a wide variety of corporate partners in the US and worldwide. Our corporate partners hire our students for permanent jobs and summer internships.
2.Don't give up your day job. Lack of money is the worst part of any artist career, and having another form of income is the best thing an artist could have.
3.In addition to health and environmental concerns, my primary reasons for being a vegetarian is animal rights and spirituality. With regards to animal rights, I shuddered to think of how animals are abused on today's factory farms.
4.The local shares index has dropped sharply towards the 3000 mark. Dealers say that the market is a little depressed, and a lot of people have pulled out because they felt nervous about corporate profits.
5.A total of 442 manufacturers from over 10 countries, including Singapore, India, the Philippines, Germany, and the United Kindom set up 560 booths to showcase their latest range of merchandises.
2) Passage Translation
1.Perhaps most of us would fly into a rage when hearing that we're similar to a monkey. But in fact, we do share many fundamental characteristics with a monkey. From the point of view of evolution, men originated millions of years ago from the anthropoid, a species commonly referred to as the ape man. Besides, the resemblance of the social organizational pattern between man and monkey is conspicuous. Men are gregarious and generally live in groups, and monkeys also live, play and act together and are led by a monkey king, which has an absolute authority over the other monkeys.
2. There are different kinds of social relationships. These include relationships with spouses, close friends, siblings and work colleagues as well as relationships between work subordinates and their superiors. Sociologists have done a series of investigations in different countries in the world. These researchers discovered five universal rules that apply to over a half of all these relationships. One, respect the other's privacy. Two, look the other person in the eye during conversation. Three, do not discuss what has been said in confidence with the other person. Four, do not criticize the other person publically. Five, repay debts, favors or compliments no matter how small.
Section 5: Reading Test
1. Joe harberg,46, a Dallas-based entrepreneur, previously had worked as marketing expert and real estate developer. He managed to build an energy-efficient home. In 2003, he was constructing a new home in Dallas and wanted to work with his builder to make the place as environmentally friendly as possible. With the success of his energy-saving efforts, he found the opportunity in launching his own energy-efficient business. Working with his brother-in-law, he helped launch what would become Current Energy, a business providing needed expertise in energy-saving.
2. Current Energy is a business co-launched by Harberg and his brother-in-law. It is probably the first dedicated energy-efficiency retail store in the US. Shoppers can buy energy-saving gadgets. The store itself is "green cool". Besides selling gadgets, it also offers services. Homeowners who come to it can order an energy audit, an analysis of how to eliminate energy and water waste. After receiving the report, customers can follow as many of the recommendations as they wish. People who live outside Dallas will soon be able to get energy assessment from currentenergy.com and the company will work with licensed auditors in your town to carry out the improvement.
3. Current Energy does provide customers with energy-saving gadgets and services. But maximizing the efficiency in our homes is more than that. One measure taken here may cause problems and troubles somewhere else. Energy efficiency should be holistic, with insulation appliances, lighting and clean electricity all working together.
4. Carlo Ratti launched a very interesting research about globalization. Working with data from AT&T, （the US telecommunications operator）, he and his team at MIT have developed luminous and fluctuating maps that show how international phones calls and data traffic travel between New York. As flows of telecommunications data change, arcs of light, glowing dots and landmasses expand and shrink. This research is a good approximate measure of globalization, giving a more complete picture of overall activity. (This research also shows the importance of New York in the era of globalization. When it is day in New York, callers in other time zones get up very early, or stay up very late, to talk to New York. And New York is also more important than other metropolitan cities like London.)
5. Maps of telecommunication are very helpful to airline industry. Since this industry is always looking for ways to better understand the degree of "connectedness" between cities. By observing the data flow between the two cities, route planners can improve their estimations of the number of likely passengers. This way of gauging potential profitability of a new route is much better than the traditional ways of estimation used by the industry.
6. Globalization losers are those countries left behind in the information age, mostly developing and underdeveloped countries. A well-developed telecommunications infrastructure can nudge populations in the developing world (globalization losers) toward not only wealth but also democracy. (When people are able to communicate wide and far and access information online, they see themselves as empowered stakeholders in a society that they can improve.) Phone networks are powerful tools for democracy and modernity because immigrants call family members and friends abroad to deliver eyewitness reports, unfiltered by media, of new ways of living. (Humanity has never been so connected.)
7. The "hit-driven business" refers to Hollywood's film business in which every studio strives to make blockbusters which may become box offices hits. By the sentence "most studios bounce from box office hit to dud with depression regularity", the author refers to the dilemma confronted by most film-making companies in Hollywood. In order to make a film successful in revenue, they have to spend huge amount of money in its making. So it is a huge challenge for those companies to make profits.
8. To be appealing to audience, today's Hollywood blockbusters would employ huge amount of special effects which show film-makers' remarkable creativity but also are extremely costly. By this sentence, Gianopulos stresses Fox's rule in film making: creativity is important, but Fox spares no efforts in cutting costs.
9. Fox's hardballing measures on cost control start with development, which costs Fox 10% to 15% less than usual because it holds the line on costly rewrites. Fox rarely gives anyone (except for VIP individuals like Spielberg) a piece of the profits. It also set tough budgets and sticks with them. Special effects often consume a large part of an action film's budget. (Fox hired specialists to control the cost on them.) Fox would ask the special effects companies to compete with each other, so Fox can get the best prices. Fox's small budget films are also very successful in box offices. Fox also cuts a lot of costs on the marketing of a film.
10. Fox earns lots of money by its small budget films. For example, Little Miss Sunshine, with the budget of $15 million, was very successful in the box office. Juno, the cost is only $7.5 million, gains the revenue of $135 million-plus in the US alone.
Section 6: Translation Test
Confucius, the ancient Chinese sage, once remarked, "He who rules lives by mental perplexity； He who is ruled lives by physical labor". This remark reflected the distinct demarcation of social status in traditional Chinese cultural setting, which directly affected people's preferences in career choosing. The "white-collar" employees in the modern sense are the envy of the society, while "blue-collar" ones are under the pressure of being despised despite their sometimes higher salaries.
As another popular Chinese saying goes "no businessman trades without fraud", businessmen are generally believed to be solely oriented towards profit, shunning (discarding) all other virtues cherished by noble men who maintain that spiritual integrity should always outweigh monetary consideration. But the fast booming socialist market economy has today fashioned young people's choice in career, and traditional values have given way to modern mentalities (thoughts consciousness). Their primary choice would be venturing into the world of business.