皮尔当人 Piltdown Man
皮尔当人是次有名的骗局，多块头骨和颚骨于1912年被发现，并被认为是早期人类化石的遗骸。样本按其采集者的名字查尔斯·道森(Charles Dawson)被授予了一个拉丁名(Eoanthropus Dawson)。1953年该骗局被曝光，人们在其中发现了猩猩的颚骨和发展成熟的现代人的头骨。
The Piltdown Man is a famous hoax in which pieces of a skull and jawbone found in 1912 were believed to be the fossilized remains of an early form of human being. The specimen was officially given a latin name (Eoanthropus Dawsoni) after its collector Charles Dawson. In 1953 it was exposed to be a fraud consisting of the jawbone of an orangutan and the skull of a fully developed adult man.
The Piltdown hoax is probably the most famous hoax in history. It has become so well known for two reasons: the attention it brought to the issue of evolution, and the length of time (over 40 years) that it took for anyone to discover it was a fraud.