商务英语很多内容都是设计到国际金融商务方面,谈判也是经典的商务场景。其中有很多的专业术语,学生们掌握之后,对于你的商务英语口语、阅读、写作都是有不小的帮助的。下面就和沪江小编一起来看看常见的这些国际商务谈判术语吧。

  1.Bargaining

  讨价还价

  competitive, win-lose situations;

  2.Selective perception

  选择性感知:

  When the perceiver singles out certain information that supports a prior belief and filters out information that does not confirm that belief.

  3.Intangibles

  无形因素:

  intangible factors are the underlying psychological motivations that may directly or indirectly influence the parties during a negotiation;

  4.Interdependent

  相互依赖:

  when the parties depend on each other to achieve their own preferred

  outcome they are interdependent;

  5.Negotiator’s dilemma

  谈判者的困境:

  the choice of whether to pursue a claiming value strategy is described as the “negotiator’s dilemma”.

  6.initial offer

  最初报价:

  the first number the buyer will quote to the seller

  7.Competitive situation

  竞争性情形:

  when the goals of two or more people are interconnected so that only one can achieve the goal, this is competitive situation, also known as a zero-sumor distributive situation,in which “individuals are so linked together that there is a negative correlation between their goal attainments”;

  8.Mutual-gainssituation

  相互获益情形:

  When parties’ goals arelinked so that one person’s goal achievement helps others to achieve theirgoals, it is a mutual-gains situation,also known as a non-sum or integrative situation;

  9.BATNA

  达成谈判协议的最佳选择:

  an acronym for best alternative to a negotiated agreement;

  10.Thedilemma of honesty

  诚实困境:

  it concerns how much of the truth to tell the other party;

  11.Thedilemma of trust

  信任困境:

  it concerns how much should negotiators believe what the other party tells them;

  12.Distributive bargaining

  分配式谈判:

  accepts the fact that there can only be one winner given the situation and pursues a course of action to be that winner;

  13.Integrative bargaining

  共赢争价:

  attempts to find solutions so both parties can do well and achieve their goals;

  14.Claimvalue

  主张价值:

  to do whatever is necessary to claim the reward, gain the lion’s share, or gain the largest piece possible;

  15.Createvalue

  创造价值:

  to find a way for all parties to meet their objectives, either by identifying more resources or finding unique ways to share and coordinate the use of existing resources;

  16.Stereotypes

  心理定势:

  is a very common distortion of the perceptual process. It occurs when one individual assigns attributes to anothersolely on the basis of the other’s membership in a particular social or demographic category.

  17.Contending

  争夺战略:

  actors pursuing the contending strategy pursue their own outcomes strongly and show little concern for whether the other party obtains his or her desired outcomes;

  18.Yielding

  屈服战略:

  actors pursuing the yielding strategy show little interest orconcern in whether they attain their own outcomes, but they are quite interested in whether the other party attains his or her outcomes;

  19.Inaction

  不作为战略:

  actors pursuing the inaction strategy show little interest in whether they attain their own out-comes, as well as little concern about the other party obtains his or her outcomes;

  20.Problem solving

  解决问题战略:

  actors pursuing the problem solving strategy show high concern for attaining their own outcomes and high concern for whether the other

  21.target point

  目标点:

  the point at which negotiator would like toconclude negotiations

  22.resistance point

  拒绝点:

  a negotiator’s bottom line, the mostthe buyer will pay or the smallest amount the seller will settle for

  23.a positive bargaining range

  积极的谈判空间:

  the buyer’s resistance is above the the seller’s, and the buyer minimally willing to pay morethan the seller is minimally willing to sell for

  24.Reciprocity

  互惠主义:

  when you receive sth from another person, you should respond in the future with a favor in return

  25.The winner’s curse

  赢家的诅咒:

  the tendency of negotiators, particularly inan auction setting, to settle quickly on an item and then subsequently feel discomfort about a negotiation win that comes too easily.

  26.Process-basedinterests

  基于谈判过程的利益:

  related to how the negotiators behave as they negotiate

  27.indirect assessment

  间接估计:

  determining what information an individual likely used to set target and resistance point and how he or she interpreted this information

  28.selective presentation

  选择性表述:

  negotiators reveal only the facts necessary to support their case

  29.Pareto efficient frontier

  帕累托有效边界:

  the claiming value line is pushed towards the upper right-hand side to the fullest extent possibleby creating value, and the line is called the Pareto efficient frontier

  30.shared goal(共享目标):

  the goal that both parties work toward but that benefits each party differently

  31.joint goal

  联合目标:

  the goal thatinvolves individuals with different personal goals agreeing to combine them in a collective effort

  32.Endowment effect

  捐赠效应:

  The tendency to overvalue something you ownor believe you possess.

  33.Relationship-basedinterests

  基于双方关系的利益:

  tied to the current or desired future relationship between theparties.

  34.Resistance point

  拒绝点:

  a resistance point is the place where you decide that you should absolutely stop the negotiation rather than continue because any settlement beyond this point is not minimally acceptable.

  35.Alternatives

  可替代的选择:

  other agreements negotiators couldachieve and still meet their needs.

  36.Target point

  目标点:

  one realistically expects to achievea settlement and the asking price, representing the best deal one can hope toachieve.

  37.Halo effects

  晕轮效应:

  rather than using a person’s group membership as a basis for classification, however,halo effects occur when people generalize about a variety of attributes basedon the knowledge of one attribute of an individual.

  38.Projection

  投射效应:

  When people assign to others the characteristics or feelings that they possess themselves.

  39.Mythical fixed-pie beliefs

  固定蛋糕观念:

  those who believe in the mythical fixed-pie assume there is no possibility for integrative settlements and mutually beneficial trade-offs, and they suppress efforts to search for them.

  40.Anchoring and adjustment

  基准调节:

  cognitive biases in anchoring and adjustmentare related to the effect of the standard (or anchor) against which subsequent adjustments are made during negotiation.

  41.Issue framing and risk

  谈判框架的制定方式与风险:

  the way a negotiation is framedcan make negotiators more or less risk averse or risk seeking.

  42.Availability of information

  信用的可用性:

  in negotiation, the availabilitybias operates when information that is presented in vivid, colorful, orattention-getting ways becomes easy to recall, and thus also becomes centraland critical in evaluating events and options.

  43.The law of small numbers

  小数法则:

  in decision theory, the law of small numbersrefers to the tendency of people to draw conclusions from sample sizes. Innegotiation, the law of small numbers applies to the way negotiator learn and extrapolate from their own experience.

  44.Self-serving biases

  感知错误:

  The tendency to overestimate the causal roleof personal or internal factors and underestimate the causal role of situationalor external factors, when explaining another person’s behavior.

  45.Ultimatum

  最后通牒:

  an ultimatum is an attempt to induce compliance or force concessions from a presumably recalcitrant opponent.

  商务英语有很多的发展方向,比如翻译、外贸、教师等等很多选择。不过,不管你希望往哪个方向去发展,一些国际通用的谈判知识,还是可以先了解的。专业的商务谈判中,各种技巧及原则的英文释义我们都需要了解一些。