Xia Mianzun·Winter in White Horse Lake
I am now over forty, but it was not until ten years ago that I got a feel of what winter was really like soon after I had moved my residence to White Horse Lake, a place beyond my home town. Since then, it has grown into quite a village, but it was an expanse of wilderness at the time when I moved in. The new buildings of Chun Hui Middle School then stood tall on the other side of the Lake while on this side were several newly-built small one-storey houses tucked away at the foot of a mountain where lived two families separately, the family of mine and that of Liu Xinru. The neighborhood was totally unpopulated far and wide except for the two households. Having moved from Hangzhou to this desolate countryside late in the month eleven of the lunar year, we felt like getting bogged down in a polar region.
2，“冬的情味尝得最深刻的”即“令我真正体会冬天的…”译为I got a feel of what winter was really like, feel意为“体验”。
3，“a place beyond my home town”是增译部分，体现了作者对于家乡的热爱。
4，“湖的这一面的山脚下是小小的几间新平屋”译为while on this side were several newly-built small one-storey houses tucked away at the foot of a mountain，“平屋”即“平房”，与bungalow(平房)不完全相同，tuck away属增益成分，意为“隐藏在…”更加强调了周围环境的寂静，更增添了几分原文的味道。
6,“宛如投身于热带中”译为we felt like getting bogged down in a polar region.其中，“投身于”译为get bogged down in（陷入…困境）更加符合原文情景。
The wind there blew almost every day, bowling like a tiger’s roaring. The new houses were of poor quality, with a biting wind coming in through every chink in the doors and windows. And our efforts to have all the cracks sealed with paper nevertheless failed to stop it from breaking into the house. When it was very windy, all we could do was to shut the front door before dark and go to bed after supper, listening quietly to the whistling of the sharp wind and the surging of the Lake waters. In the small rear-room close to the mountain, which, least affected by the wind, was my study, I often worked by the light of an oil lamp late into the night, with my woolen cap pulled down, while the pines were singing in the wind, the white moon shining on the window, and hungry rats squeaking and scurrying in the neighborhood of the ceilings. Seized with a poetic mood generated by the scene of bleakness, I would stay up late and sit alone poking the charcoal fire, imaging myself a figure in a traditional Chinese landscape painting and indulging in deep reveries.
1，“粗率”即“粗略草率，不精确，不周到”涉及到房屋可译为were of poor quality。
3，“靠山的小后轩，算是我的书斋，在全屋子中风最少的一间…”译为In the small rear-room close to the mountain, which, least affected by the wind, was my study…原文把“在全屋中风最少的一间”放于句末，而译文中却把其作为插入性成分放入句中。强调的是“风最少”译者深刻地意会到了原文 作者的用意，将其作为插入成分放到了译文中。 因为在英文中插入成分是可以起到强调和引也读者注态的功能的. 很好地表这了原作者的意图，不仅使译文自然流畅而口准确地传达了原作者的用意。
3，“松涛如吼，霜月当窗”译为while the pines were singing in the wind, the white moon shining on the window，注意“当窗”即“正对着窗户”。
4，“饥鼠吱吱在承尘上奔窜”译为hungry rats squeaking and scurrying in the neighborhood of the ceilings，其中“承尘”作“天花板”解是我国特有的文化词之一。 如果直译恐外国人不知所云，译者在这里用了“the neighborhood of the ceilings”，语义清晰明了。
5，“把自己拟诸山水画中的人物，作种种幽邈的遐想”即“想象自己是山水画中的人物，并沉浸在自己的遐想中”译做imaging myself a figure in a traditional Chinese landscape painting and indulging in deep reveries.
White Horse Lake is now rich in vegetation while at that time it was totally treeless. When the sun shone bright on a windless day, it would be nice and warm. The whole family would then sit in the courtyard to bask in the sun, and even have lunch in the open air like we did in summer. Where there was sunshine, there we would move our chairs. When the cold wind came, however, we would scamper indoors like refugees, each carrying a chair or stool and hastily closing the doors behind us. The wind usually began to howl towards evening and last until midnight. In the case of a severe storm, it would rage for two or three days and nights on end. At the height of the bitter cold, the fields would for several days look deathly pale like cement, the mountains would turn dirty purple with cold, and the ripples of the Lake would be of a deep blue.
1,“现在白马湖到处都是树木了，当时尚一株树木都未种”译为White Horse Lake is now rich in vegetation while at that time it was totally treeless. in that time it was totally treele用．此处的 vegetation 指“植被”是包括树木在内的总称， 为概略化的转换，其译文意为植被繁盛．有英文散文的韵味。
2，“太阳好的时候，只要不刮风，那真和暖得不像冬天”整合句意为“没有风的日子，阳光是很温暖的”译为When the sun shone bright on a windless day, it would be nice and warm.
3，“日光晒到哪里，就把椅凳移到哪里”即“哪里有阳光，我们就把椅子移到那里”译为Where there was sunshine, there we would move our chairs.这个句式类似于Where there's a will, there's a way.(有志者事竟成)
4，“惨白如水门汀”译为deathly pale like cement，“水门汀”即“混凝土”，“惨白”=deadly pale ,其中deadly也可换为deadly，ghastly。
5，“山色冻得发紫而黯”即“山因寒冷而变为暗紫色”，译为the mountains would turn dirty purple with cold；“湖波泛深蓝色”即“湖泊的涟漪呈现出深蓝色”，译为the ripples of the Lake would be of a deep blue。
I had no aversion to snowfall because it was much brightened up my room, so much so that I could almost do without lamplight at night. The distant mountains would remain snow-capped for at least half a month—a scene I could easily enjoy from my window. However, it was a pity that, living in the south, we could have snowfall only once or twice each winter .Hence it was from the wind only that I could in my daily life get a taste of winter.
1，“下雪原是我所不憎厌的，下雪的日子，室内分外明亮，晚上差不多不用燃灯”译为I had no aversion to snowfall because it was much brightened up my room, so much so that I could almost do without lamplight at night.because和so that 的运用，不仅准确表达原文的话义内容，而且使译文衔接更加紧密，自然流畅。
2,“晚上差不多不用燃灯”译为I could almost do without lamplight at night，do without意为“没有…也行”。
3，“远山积雪足供半个月的观看，举头即可从窗中望见。”译者将其转述为“远山的积雪可持续半个月，这是我一抬头就能看见的风景”，译为the distant mountains would remain snow-capped for at least half a month—a scene I could easily enjoy from my window.不仅还原了原文的意思，这样译也使得译文更加简洁。
4，“可是究竟是南方，每冬下雪 不过一二次。”译为However, it was a pity that, living in the south, we could have snowfall only once or twice each winter.译者增加主语we，使得行文变得流畅。
White Horse Lake is windy for geographical reasons. The place is surrounded by mountains except in the north where there is a gap as wide as one fourth of a kilometer, like the wide open mouth of a bag, ready to accept the wind. It is the wind that differentiates White Horse Lake from other scenic spots. Anybody who has been to the place can tell how frequent and violent the wind is there. The wind has, since time immemorial, been an important factor in characterizing winter, particularly so in White Horse Lake.
1，“半里”即250米，译为one fourth of a kilometer。
2，“风在冬季的感觉中, 自古占着重要的因素…”意为“风是凸显冬季特色的一个重要因素”，译为The wind has, since time immemorial, been an important factor in characterizing winter…
Now it is quite a few days since I and my family moved to Shanghai. Whenever the wind blows in the stillness of the night, we will all mention White Horse Lake, saying, “White Horse Lake must be terribly windy tonight!”
1，“白马湖不知今夜又刮得怎样厉害哩！” 意即“白马湖今夜想必又刮大风了”，译为White Horse Lake must be terribly windy tonight！