The hard-wearing cotton twil
l fabric, usually blue and often used for jeans, is pretty straightforward about its origins; denim comes from Nîmes, France. More fully, the fabric was known as ‘serge de Nîmes’, serge referring to a durable twilled woolen or worsted fabric.
这种耐磨的棉质斜纹布织物，通常是蓝色的，用来做牛仔裤，名字来源也够直截了当。牛仔布一词来自法国尼姆。说全面些，这种织物即所谓的“serge de Nîmes （尼姆粗缝毛边）”，serge指的是经久耐磨的斜纹布羊毛或是精纺织物。
The name for this lightweight cotton cloth of a plain weave comes from the Italian word mussolina, which itself comes from Mussolo, or Mosul, the city in Iraq where this type of cloth was first manufactured.
The term tweed, referring to ‘a rough-surfaced woolen cloth, typically of mixed flecked
colors’, emerged thanks to an accidental misreading. Although the circumstances are not clear, the term tweed seems to have come about from an accidental misreading of tweel, a Scots form of twill, or a misunderstanding of an abbreviated
tweeled. The adoption of the term was probably helped by association with the River Tweed in the United Kingdom.
Tweed（粗花呢）这一术语指的是种“表面粗糙的羊毛布料，通常含各种星星点点的混色”。粗花呢的出现源于一次偶然的误读。尽管情况并不清晰明了，有说tweed这个术语是因为偶然间误读了tweel这个词（苏格兰语twill）， 也有一说是tweeled这个词的缩写为人们所误解。采用这个术语多少是因为和英国特威德河（River Tweed）联系在了一起。
This specific style of dinner jacket first appeared in the late 19th century, in the small village of Tuxedo Park, New York, located just outside New York City.
The balaclava, a ‘woolen covering for the head and neck worn especially by soldiers on active service’, was named after the Crimean village of Balaclava near Sebastopol, the site of the Crimean War battle commonly known as the Battle of Balaclava.
History buffs and poetry fans may recognize the Battle of Balaclava as the setting for the ill-fated Charge of the Light Brigade, immortalized
in poem form by Alfred, Lord Tennyson. The man leading that charge was James Thomas Brudenell, the 7th Earl of Cardigan. You read that right: the same man who helped popularize cardigans, ‘a knitted sweater fastening down the front’, also led the Light Brigade in the Battle of Balaclava.