2015年5月CATTI一口真题详解 英译汉1
作者:天津翻译专修学院|来源:沪江英语|2015年07月13日 00:00


WHO has successfully managed many big outbreaks in recent years. But this Ebola outbreak is very different.  None of us experienced in containing outbreaks has ever seen in our lifetimes an emergency on the scale with this degree of suffering and with this magnitude of cascading consequences. This is the largest, most severe and most complex Ebola outbreak ever seen and the nearly 4 decades history of this disease.  It is a fast-moving epidemic disease that got ahead of everyone at the start and is still running ahead jumping over everything we put in place to try to slowly it down. In the hardest hit countries, an exponentially rising caseload threatens to push the governments to the brink of state failure. What we see is this: decimated families and communities, abandoned villages, food and fuel shortages, uncollected bodies, fresh graves, a rising number of orphans, and hospitals overflowing or shut down entirely. In affected regions revenues are down, markets not functioning and development project are being canceled. This is not just an outbreak. This is not just a public health crisis. This is a social crisis, a humanitarian crisis, an economic crisis, and a threat to national security well beyond the outbreak zones.

decimated families and communities, abandoned villages, food and fuel shortages, uncollected bodies, fresh graves, a rising number of orphans, and hospitals overflowing or shut down entirely.这几句话当中的选词需要注意,不要过份追求典雅与平衡,而要以达意为主。

Everyday, every minute counts now. We need to talk, but furthermore but we need to act with speed and efficiency and in ways that deal this virus some heavy blows. Standard measures, like early detection and isolation of cases, contact tracing and monitoring, and rigorous procedures for infection control, have stopped previous Ebola outbreaks and can do so again. Affected countries should be equipped with IT system and programs that allow real-time reporting of cases. The outbreak should be mapped so that the transmission zones are identified and priorities can be assigned. What does thisoutbreakthathas been making headlines for months, tell usthe state andstatus of public health of the world at large?  First, the outbreak spotlights the dangers of the world's growing social and economic inequalities.  Then rumors and panic is spreading even faster than the virus. Ebola sparks nearly universal fear which vastly amplifies social disruption and economic losses well beyond the outbreak zones. The World Bank has estimated that the vast majority of economic losses during any outbreak arise from the uncoordinated and the irrational effort of the public to avoid infection.

Third, when a deadly and dreaded virus hits the destitute and spirals out of control, the whole world is put at risk. Our 21st century societies are interconnected, interdependent and electronically wired together as never before. We see this now with a very dangerous virus outbreak in Nigeria’s oil and natural gas hub.  Nigeria is the world’s fourth largest oil producer and second largest supplier of natural gas. The outbreak in the country’s potential energy hub can potentially dampen the economic outlooks worldwide. Fourth, decades of neglect of fundamental health systems and services mean that a shock, like climate change or a disease run wild, can bring a country to its knees. You cannot build these systems up during a crisis. Instead, they collapse. A dysfunctional health system also means zero population resilience. Fifth: Ebola emerged nearly 40 years ago. Why are clinicians still empty-handed, with no vaccines and no cure? This is because Ebola has been, historically, geographically confined to poor African nations. The R&D incentive is virtually non-existent. A profit-driven industry does not invest in products for markets that cannot pay.

Finally, the world is ill-prepared to respond to any severe, sustained, and threatening public health emergency. Here, I see two specific lessons for WHO. One: We must continue to push for the inclusion of health, and health systems, on the post-2015 development agenda. We now have some much more compelling evidence for doing so, and a much more responsive audience. People are now willing to hear arguments that have fallen on deaf ears for years. Two: The pressures of this outbreak are revealing some cracks and weaknesses at WHO, some dysfunctional elements that must be corrected urgently as part of organizational reform.

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