英语四级考试常见逻辑关系词汇总
来源:新东方|2014年05月02日 12:15

在大学英语四级考试中,词汇量是否丰富对于是否取得高分非常关键,因此,在备考英语四级的过程中考生们一定要注意对核心逻辑关系词的掌握。

先后次序关系:at this time; first; second; at last; next; previously; simultaneously; eventually; last but not least; to begin with; to start with; to end with; finally; seeing...; since then; first of all; afterwards; following this; preceding this.

因果关系:because; because of this; being that; another important factor/reason of...; since; as; for; in that...; owing to; due to; for the reason that...; in view of; the reason seems to be obvious; there are about...; for this reason; as a result of this; therefore; ...and so...; consequently; as a result; thus; hence; so; so that...; in consequence; as a consequence; accordingly; inevitably; under these conditions; thereupon.

转折关系:but; even so; however ;though; even though; independent of; reckless of; despite that; in spite of that; regardless of; yet...; and yet; but unless.

并列关系:and; also; too; as well as; either...; or...; both...and...

(补充)递进关系:furthermore; moreover; further; In this way; still; not only...but also...; not...but...; in addition (to); additionally; much more interesting; more specifically; next; besides; as far as... is concerned; moreover; in other words; along this line of consideration; on the one hand...; on the other hand...; even; as a poplar saying goes...; in order to do it...; meanwhile; at the same time; accordingly; In the first place...; in the second place...; equally important; of even greater appeal.

比较关系:similarly; in like manner; in comparison with; when compared with; compared with; when in fact...; like...; likewise; similarly important; apart from (doing)...; ... rather than...; by doing so; both…and...; in the same way; not only...but (also).

对照(不同点):yet; still; for all of that; notwithstanding; rather; neither ... nor; although; though; but; however; something is just the other way around; yet; conversely; unlike; opposed to; as opposed to ; in contrast (to); by way of; on the contrary; different from this; as opposed to this; nevertheless; contrary to; whereas; while; but on the other hand.

举例关系:for example; for instance; in this case; namely; as you know; you may as/say; as he explains; like; such as; a case in point is...; consider...; in particular; including...; for one thing...; for another...; put it simply; stated roughly; as an illustration; I will say...; a good example (of...)would be...; to detail this; I would like to...; It is interesting to note that...; in this situation; as proof; take the case of; take as example (something); as for; as regards; as to; according to; on this occasion.

强调关系:in fact; especially; particularly; moreover; naturally; what is more important; in reality; certainly; of course; indeed; in particular; not to mention...; believe it or not; undeniably; other thing being equal; it is certain/sure that...; to be strict; to be true; by definition; definitely; undoubtedly; without a doubt; in truth, in any event(不论怎样); without reservation(毫无保留地); obviously; not only... but(also...); both...and...

条件关系:if; unless; lest; provided that; if it is the case; in this sense; once...; if possible; if necessary; if so; if not all; if anything.

归纳总结类:in other words; on the whole; in sum; therefore; hence; in short; in brief; to sum up; in conclusion; in summary; to conclude; the conclusion can be drawn that...; for this reason; in short.

地点关系:beyond; opposite to; adjacent to; at the same place; there; over; in the middle; around; in front of; in the distance; farther; here and there; above; below; at the right; between; on this side.

目的关系:with this object; for this purpose; in order that; in this way, since; so that; on that account; in case; with a view to; for the same reason.

重申关系:in other words; that is to say; as I have said; again; once again.

结果关系:accordingly; thus; consequently; hence; therefore; thereupon; inevitably; under these conditions; as a result; as a consequence; because; because of; so that; not only...but (also...); so... as to.

顺序关系:first; second; thirdly; next; then; at the outset(在开始时); following this; at this time; now; at this point; after; afterward; after this; subsequently; lastly; finally; consequently; before this; previously; preceding this; simultaneously; concurrently(同时).

时间关系:at once; immediately; at length; in the mean time; meanwhile; at the same time; in the end; then; soon; not long after; later; at once; at last; finally; some time ago; at present; all of a sudden; from this time on; from time to time; since then; when; whenever; next point; a few minutes later; formerly; as; once; since; occasionally; in a moment; shortly; whereupon; previously.

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