从属连词的用法大全(一)
作者:齐小朵|2017年10月12日 11:12

目前为止,我们已经学习了很多常见的连词,大多数的连词都属于从属连词的范畴。这些连词用来连接两个在语法成份上相同的句子。

In other words, the clause without a conjunction is able to stand alone, while the clause that contains the conjunction cannot. Subordinating conjunctions examples:
换句话说,没有连词的句子可以独立存在,然而有连词的句子则不可以。从属连词的例子:[/cn

I don’t like cake because it’s too sweet.
[cn]我不喜欢蛋糕,因为它太甜了。

This sentence consists of two clauses, “I don’t like cake” and “it’s too sweet,” both connected by the subordinating conjunction “because.”
这给句子里包含两个句子,即“I don’t like cake”和 “it’s too sweet”。这两句话由从属连词“because”连接。

The clause that stands alone is “I don’t like cake” and can form its own separate sentence. The clause “because it’s too sweet,” however, cannot stand alone and instead subordinates to the first clause. “I don’t like cake”
这个句子可以单独存在。但是如果句子“because it’s too sweet”从属于前一个句子,它则不能单独存在。

这就是为什么我们把单词“because”成为从属连词。你会注意到从属连词就是英文中最常见的,最常使用的单词。下面就是最常见的从属连词的列表。

Note that unlike with coordinating conjunctions, subordinate clauses can appear before or after the independent clause.
与并列连词不同的是,从属连词可以在一个独立的句子前面或者后面出现。

For example, while you could say, “I don’t like cake because it’s too sweet,” you could also say, “Because cake is too sweet, I don’t like it.”
举个例子:你可以说“I don’t like cake because it’s too sweet”也可以说“Because cake is too sweet, I don’t like it.”

subordinating conjunctions
从属连词

1.BECAUSE
因为

Used to introduce a cause or a reason
用来引出原因或者理由

I didn’t answer your messages because I was out of the country.
我没有回复你的消息是因为我不在国内。

Because my lower back kept hurting, I decided to finally go see a chiropractor.
我的背部一直在疼,我决定去看一下脊椎按摩师。

2.SINCE
因为

Can be used to introduce a cause or a reason
可以用来引出原因或者理由

I decided to bake cupcakes, since it was Marjorie’s birthday.
我决定烤纸杯蛋糕,因为这是马乔里的生日。

Since you’re always late, I’m going to start showing up late too.
因为你总是迟到,我也要开始迟到了。

Can also be used to indicate that something has been true starting from a certain point in time.
也可以用来表示从某一特定时间开始,某事是正确的。

I’ve been broke since my last vacation to Puerto Rico.
自从上次去波多黎各,我就破产了。

Ever since I was young, I’ve always wanted to become a scientist.
从我年轻的时候起,我就一直想成为一名科学家。

What have you been up to since school ended?
毕业之后你一直在做什么?

3.UNTIL
直到…时

Can be used to indicate that an event only happens up to a certain point in time.
可以用来表示时间只发生到某个时间点。

I usually sit around in my office until my boss gives me work to do.
直到老板给我分配工作,否则我一直坐在办公室里。

Until you came into my life, I wasn’t quite sure where I would find love.
直到你来到我的生活里,我才确定我找到了真爱。

When I was in college, I would study until I passed out at 3 or 4 in the morning.
我上大学的时候,我会熬夜学习直到在凌晨三四点晕睡过去。

4.WHEN
当…时候

Can be used to indicate that two events happened simultaneously
可以用来说明两件事同时发生。

When it started to snow, everyone started posting statuses on Facebook.
下雪的时候,每个人都在Facebook上更新状态。

When the clock struck three, all the students immediately evacuated the classroom.
当钟敲三下的时候,所有的学生都立即撤出了教室。

I don’t know how to react when you yell at me like that.
你那样对我大喊大叫的时候我不知道该怎么办。

5.WHENEVER
无论何时

Can be used to indicate that when one event happens at any point, so does another
用来表示,无论何时某事发生,另一件事也在发生。

Whenever I try to comfort people, I somehow make things worse.
每次当我试图安慰别人的时候,我都会把事情变得更糟。

I hate it whenever I run into coworkers outside of work.
无论何时我在工作之外的时间遇到我的同事,我都会觉得讨厌。

Whenever you start feeling anxious, just try to breathe.
每当你感到讨厌的时候,你就试着深呼吸。

6.WHILE
当…时候

Can be used to indicate that two things happen simultaneously. It emphasizes the continuousness of an action more than the conjunction “when.”
可以用来表示两件事情同时发生,它强调动作的连续性而不是“何时”。

I often get distracted while trying to study.
我经常在学习的时候分心。

It’s hard trying to take classes while also working two jobs.
工作的时候,很难上课。

While my parents were away for the weekend, my brother and I decided to throw a house party.
父母外出度周末的时候,我和哥哥决定举办家庭聚会。

Can also be used to switch from one idea to another
也可以用来表示从一个想法转换到另一个想法。

While puppies are cute, they can be incredibly annoying to take care of.
虽然小狗很可爱,但是照顾他们的时候让人感到很烦。

Neutral colors tend to go together easily, while other colors are harder to pair up well.
中性色彩很容易搭配,然而其他的颜色却很难搭配。

7.AS
当…时候

Can be used as an alternative to “while”
可以用作while的替代品

We can see what logistical problems come up as we move on with the project.
我们可看到,随着项目的进行,物流出现了问题。

As the night drew on, the crowd became noisier and noisier.
随着夜幕的降临,人群变得更加嘈杂和喧闹。

My dad entered the driveway right as I called to see where he was.
当我给爸爸打电话想看他走到哪里时,他已经走到了车道的右边。

Can also be used as an alternative to “since” or “because”
也可以用作“since”和“because”的替代品

You should be careful going to the gym, as your ankle is still a little weak.
你去健身房的时候应该小心一点,因为你的脚踝还是有点虚弱。

Can also be used to mean something like “in the manner of.” Can be emphasized by the word “just”
也可以用来表示“以某种方式进行”。可以用“just”来强调。

I wrote my essay with five paragraphs just as my professor told me to do in the instructions.
像教授告诉我的一样,我的论文只有五段。

I took the dog out three times a day just as you told me to.
像你告诉我的那样,我每天带小狗出去三次。

Just as you requested, here’s your coffee with soy milk instead of regular milk.
想你要求的一样,这不是普通的咖啡而是豆奶咖啡。

声明:本双语文章的中文翻译系沪江英语原创内容,转载请注明出处。中文翻译仅代表译者个人观点,仅供参考。如有不妥之处,欢迎指正。

相关热点: 英语资料CATTI资讯汇总学习主题工业英文怎么说

您感兴趣的课程有优惠啦,快去看看:
0
点赞
收藏
分享:
挑错
 
猜你喜欢

请输入错误的描述和修改建议,非常感谢!

错误的描述:

修改的建议:
展开导航
我的收藏
我的课程
TOP