特殊限定词用法比较 (一)
作者:沪江英语编辑:Mandy Yang|2017年10月10日 00:30

英语中,冠词、物主限定词、名词属格、指示限定词、基数词和序数词等等,都属于限定词

今天小编与大家一起学习一些特殊限定词的用法。

一、表示“多”的限定词

表示“多”的限定词有many, much, a lot of, lots of, plenty of等。

1)many, much常用于否定句和疑问句,而a lot of等则常用于肯定句。

I haven't seen many English novels.

Have you drunk much water today?

I have seen a lot of / lots of / plenty of / a great number of English novels.

I have drunk a lot of / lots of / plenty of / a great amount of water today.

2)many / much 既可作限定词,也可作不定代词,a lot 也可单独用作名词词组: 

Have you seen all these novels? ----No, I haven't done very many. 

You have done a lot for me.

 
二、表示“少”的限定词

表示“少”的限定词有(a) few, (a) little。

1)a few, a little表示"少量",带有肯定意义。

Let's invite a few friends to our party.  

I had a little difficulty in reading this poem.

2)few / little表示否定意义,相当于not many / much, not enough。 

I have very few pens left. Could you give me some more. 

There is little food in the fridge. Let’s go to the supermarket.

3)quite a few, a good few, not a few表示“相当多”。

Quite a few of us are getting tired.

You'll have to wait a good few days.  

 

三、表示“一些”的限定词

表示“一些”的限定词有some, any。

1)some 是肯定词,常用于肯定句;any是非肯定词,常用于否定句或疑问句。 

There are some books for me. 

There aren't any books for me. 

Are there any books for me? 

2)any也常用于条件分句: 

If you have any trouble, please call me.  

3)当说话人期待肯定回答时,some也可用于疑问句。

Would you like some cake? 

4)some与单数可数名词搭配时,表示“某一”;any与单数可数名词搭配,表示“任何一个”。

Some boy has broken the bowl. 

Any child could answer that question.  

另外,还有一些限定词,它们既可以作限定词,也常用作不定代词,如all, both, every, each, either, neither, any等,具体用法,我们一起在下一篇学习吧~

相关热点: 英语语法入门学习主题英语口语8000句

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