新概念英语自学导读:第二册 Lesson93

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课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.One of the most famous monuments in the world, the Statue of Liberty, was presented to… by the people of France.
世界上最著名的纪念碑之一的自由女神雕像是……由法国人民赠送给……的。

(1)one of 引导的短语(其后面名词要用复数)与 the Statue of…为同位语。

(2)the people 通常指某个国家的人民,指复数的“人们”时通常不用 the:
It was officially presented to the American people by Bartholdi.
它由巴索尔地正式赠送给美国人民。

He never pays attention to what people say.
他从不在乎人们会说什么。

A lot of / Few people went to their wedding.
许多/没几个人参加(了)他们的婚礼。

2.The actual figure was made of copper…
这座雕像的主体是用铜制成的……

made of 指用某种材料制成,并且原材料的性质或形状没变,从成品可以看出其原材料。

3.it was taken to pieces
它被拆成若干小块

take…to pieces 为固定短语,表示“把……拆开/拆散”:
When the machine broke down again, some mechanics took it to pieces.
当那台机器再次出毛病时,一些新概念师便把它拆开了。

This machine is too large to be transported in whole. It has to be taken to pieces first.
这台机器太大了,无法整个地运送,得把它先拆开。

4.the statue had been put together again
这座雕像被重新组装起来

put… together 为固定短语(是take…to pieces的反义词),表示“把……装配/组合起来”:
They managed to put the machine together.
他们设法把那台机器组装了起来。

I can't put the broken vase together.
我无法把那打碎的花瓶重新拼起来。

5.to make their homes in America
在美国安家落户

make one's home 表示“定居”、“居住”:
Ian (has) left England and made his home in China.
伊恩已离开英国,并在中国安了家。

词汇学习 Word study

1.support vt.

(1)支持,支撑(某个具体东西):
The actual figure was supported by a metal framework.
这座雕像的主体由金属框架支撑着。

Feeling weak, she supported herself against a desk and rested for a short time.
她觉得有点虚弱,便靠着一张书桌休息了一小会儿。

(2)拥护,赞成,支持(人、想法等):
He made the right decision. Unfortunately, nobody supported him.
他的决定是正确的。不幸的是,没有人支持他。

I supported his opinion that another bridge should be built over the river.
我赞成他的观点,即这条河上应该再建一座桥。

(3)抚养,供养,赡养:
You need a high income these days to support a large family.
现在,要有高收入才能养活一个大家庭。

My son can support himself now.
我儿子现在能养活自己了。

2.同形不同音的词

许多词既可以作名词又可以作动词但有些词作为不同的词类使用时发音上,尤其是重音的位置会有变化:
We will send a present to our former headmaster.
我们将送一份礼物给我们以前的校长。

The Statue of Liberty was presented to the United States of America in the nineteenth century by the people of France.
自由女神雕像是在19世纪时由法国人民赠送给美国的。

前一句中,present 是名词,重音在第1个音节上;后一句中,present 是动词,重音在第2个音节上。

练习答案 Key to written exercises

2.难点练习答案

1 'exported… 'imported

(Note: the direct contrast between EXported and IMported in this sentence makes it necessary to stress the prefixes of these verbs. Normally, of course, the stress would be: ex'ported…im'ported.)

2 'records… 'exports

3 pro'tested…'increase

4 in'sulted…'accent

5 con'duct

6 'contest…'record

3.多项选择题答案

1c 2d     3b 4a         5c 6c
7c 8d     9c 10b     11d 12b 

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新概念英语第二册第93课的自学导读,希望对你有所帮助。学完这篇课文,我们不仅可以知道自由女神像是法国人民送给美国的,还能了解到重音位置的变化对词义的影响。 http://i1.w.hjfile.cn/topic/zhishi.png 分享到:
2013-01-15 : 周周
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