开始长途驾车之旅

新概念英语第三册Lesson39讲述了几个朋友开车在崎岖的道路上一路颠簸的故事。负责驾驶的Bruce在面对各种惊险路况时一点危险感都没有,还是疯狂地高速前进,可把车上的同伴吓坏了。

开车不是儿戏,怎能如此乱来!今天的新概念文化大爆炸,我们就来和大家讲讲长途自驾车旅行需要注意的事项,为了自己和别人的安全,出发前一定要好好看看哟~~

1. Before beginning a long drive, always get enough sleep and eat something. Highly caffeinated beverages are not necessarily the best way to stay awake while driving. While initially you will feel more alert, the effects can recede with time, and your attention may wander although you remain awake.
在开始长途驾车前,一定要保证充足的睡眠和适量的饮食。想要在驾车过程中保持清醒,咖啡因饮料未必是最好的选择。因为尽管它起初会促使你提高警觉性,但随着时间的推移效果也会减弱。你虽然醒着,注意力却开始涣散。

2. Pull over and take breaks every couple of hours, even if you don't feel sleepy. Grab a snack, get some fresh air, and stretch your legs by walking around. If you need to, take a quick nap.
每隔数小时把车停路边休息一下,即便没感到困倦也要这么做。吃点零食,呼吸下新鲜空气,走动走动让腿得以舒展。如果有需要还可以打个小盹。

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找同伴轮流驾驶

3. If you can, share the driving responsibilities with someone else. This will allow you to keep an eye on each other while driving and also enable you to nap without losing time. If you're driving alone, turn on the radio or put on some music, and keep your window cracked open.
如果可以,最好是和其他人轮流开车。这样一个人驾驶时,另一人可以帮忙看着,而且有人要打盹的话也不会浪费时间。如果你是独自驾驶,那么记得把收音机打开或者放点音乐,并把车窗开条缝。

4. If you do have to pull over, move your vehicle off the road. Never park on the shoulder for any reason except an emergency.
如果你必须停车的话,那请把车驶离车道。除非遇到紧急情况,否则绝对不要把车停在路肩上。

千万不要酒后驾车

5. Know the laws along your route concerning cell phone use while driving. While it may be legal in one place, it may be illegal in another. However, even if it's legal to talk on a cell phone where you're going, it's usually safest to use a hands-free device.
你要了解沿途所经地方的法律是否允许驾车时使用手机。有些地方允许不代表其他地方也允许。而且,即使驾车时用手机通话是合法的,你最好还是使用免提设备,那样最安全。

6. Never drink any alcohol before your trip. While you may not become intoxicated from one beer, you will become sleepy.
千万不要酒后驾车。也许喝一瓶啤酒醉不了,但酒会让你犯困的。

注意观察天气

7. Keep an eye on the skies, and if you can, plan a route around inclement weather. A minor detour could actually wind up saving you major time.
注意观察天气情况,可以的话制定一条路线绕开天气恶劣的地方。有时小小的绕道最终却省了你大把时间。

8. Search the Web for traffic update sites and listen to radio traffic alerts, especially when approaching major cities.
查找更新交通讯息的网站,收听播报交通警报的广播,尤其是当你驶到大城市的时候。

带上一张地图

9. Not even a GPS unit is infallible, so we recommend bringing a detailed map as a backup just in case. A mapping app on your smartphone is another must-have for long road trips.
GPS导航也不是万无一失的,所以建议你还是带上一张详细的地图以防万一。对于长途旅行来说,在智能手机上装个地图应用也很有必要。

10. If you are driving a rental vehicle, familiarize yourself with the car and all of its equipment (horn, brakes, hazard lights).
如果你的车是租来的,那么务必要熟悉一下车子本身及各种器件(包括喇叭、刹车和应急灯)。

出发前做好检查工作

11. Lock all of your valuables in the trunk or glove compartment and stow all luggage in the trunk.
所有贵重物品都锁进汽车车尾的行李箱或者汽车仪表板上的小柜,行李也都放进汽车尾箱。

12. Before setting off on a long car trip, be sure your vehicle is in prime condition -- that tires are properly inflated, all fluids are at their proper levels and you have a full tank of gas. (For particularly long road trips, you may want to have your mechanic do a more thorough check.)
在开始长途驾车旅行前,请确保车子状态良好——轮胎的气都打足了,各种油的量都合适了,并且带好了满满一桶汽油。(如果你的旅程特别长,最好让汽车修理师做下彻底的检查。)

及时加油

13. Keep costs down by conserving gas as you drive. Minimize sudden starts and stops, empty your car of all unnecessary weight, and slow down -- it takes much less fuel to drive 55 miles an hour than it does to drive 70.
通过节省汽油来降低开支。尽可能减少突然启动和急停的次数,不带不必要的东西以减轻重量,并且慢速行驶——以时速55英里行驶要比70英里少费很多燃料。

14. Don't wait until your gas gauge is sitting on E to refuel. On an unfamiliar road, you never know when the next gas station will appear. As soon as you hit a quarter of a tank, start looking for a place to fill up.
不要等到没油了才去加。到了陌生的地方你根本不知道下一个加油站在哪里。一旦油只剩下四分之一,你就可以开始找地方加了。

务必系好安全带

15. On longer trips, keep napkins, plasticware and a small handy cooler for meals on the go. You'll also want some spare change for tolls, as well as a first-aid kit, flashlight, pillow and blanket. Keep a set of jumper cables, a spare tire, and extra fluids for the car (such as windshield wiper fluid) in your trunk.
旅途较长的话,因为你要在车上吃饭,需要带上纸巾、塑料器皿和迷你掌上空调。此外要为打长途电话准备一些零钱,当然还有急救箱、手电筒、枕头和毯子。在车尾箱里放上一套跨接电缆、一个备用轮胎和一些像挡风玻璃清洗液之类的额外工具。

16. This last tip should go without saying, but it's important enough that we'll say it anyway: Make sure everyone in the car buckles his or her seatbelt. Not only will it keep you safe, but in many places it's also the law.
最后一条贴士应该不用说了,但是它确实太重要我们还是得提一下:务必保证车上所有人都系好了安全带。这样做不仅是为了安全,也因为很多地方的法律都这样规定。

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